Project 1274: Russell Garwood, Jason Dunlop. 2014. Three-dimensional reconstruction and the phylogeny of extinct chelicerate orders. PeerJ.
Specimen: Plesiosiro madeleyi (:NHM I7923)
View: Dorsal

Abstract

Arachnids are an important group of arthropods. They are: diverse and abundant; a major constituent of many terrestrial ecosystems; and possess a deep and extensive fossil record. In recent years a number of exceptionally preserved arachnid fossils have been investigated using tomography and associated techniques, providing valuable insights into their morphology. Here we use X-ray microtomography to reconstruct members of two extinct arachnid orders. In the Haptopoda, we demonstrate the presence of ‘clasp-knife’ chelicerae, and our novel redescription of a member of the Phalangiotarbida highlights leg details, but fails to resolve chelicerae in the group due to their small size. As a result, tomographic studies of three-dimensionally preserved fossils now exist for three of the four extinct orders, and for fossil representatives of several extant ones. Such studies constitute a valuable source of high fidelity data for constructing phylogenies. To illustrate this, here we present a cladistic analysis of the chelicerates to accompany these reconstructions. This is based on a previously published matrix, expanded to include fossil taxa and relevant characters, and allows us to: cladistically place the extinct arachnid orders; explicitly test some earlier hypotheses from the literature; and demonstrate that the addition of fossils to phylogenetic analyses can have broad implications. Phylogenies based on chelicerate morphology - in contrast to molecular studies - have achieved elements of consensus in recent years. Our work suggests that these results are not robust to the addition of novel characters or fossil taxa. Hypotheses surrounding chelicerate phylogeny remain in a state of flux.


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Article DOI: 10.7717/peerj.641

Project DOI: 10.7934/P1274, http://dx.doi.org/10.7934/P1274
This project contains
  • 9 Media
  • 3 Documents
  • 2 Taxa
  • 2 Specimens
Total size of project's media files: 7.32M

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MorphoBank Project 1274

    Authors' Institutions

    • Museum für Naturkunde - Leibniz-Institut für Evolutions- und Biodiversitätsforschung, Berlin

    • University of Manchester



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    member name taxa specimens media
    Russell Garwood
    Project Administrator
    000
    Maureen Admin
    Full membership
    000
    MorphoBank Curator
    Full membership
    229


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    type number of downloads Individual items downloaded (where applicable)
    Total downloads from project305
    Document downloads9Garwood and Dunlop 2014 - SI File 2 - Matrix with fossils (7 downloads); Garwood and Dunlop 2014 - SI File 3 - Matrix with fossils (2 downloads);
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