Project 2769: R. J. Asher, M. R. Smith, A. Rankin, R. J. Emry. 2019. Congruence, fossils and the evolutionary tree of rodents and lagomorphs. Royal Society Open Science. 6 (7):190387.
Specimen: † Heliscomys (USNM:wyo 74-1-d)
View: Jaw

Abstract

Given an evolutionary process, we expect distinct categories of heritable data, sampled in ever larger amounts, to converge on a single tree of historical relationships. We tested this assertion by undertaking phylogenetic analyses of a new morphology-DNA dataset for mammals, focusing on Glires and including the oldest known skeletons of geomyoid and Ischyromys rodents. Our results support geomyoids in the mouse-related clade (Myomorpha) and a ricochetal locomotor pattern for the common ancestor of geomyoid rodents. They also support Ischyromys in the squirrel-related clade (Sciuromorpha) and the evolution of sciurids and Aplodontia from extinct, ‘protrogomorph’-grade rodents. Moreover, ever larger samples of characters from our dataset increased congruence with an independent, well-corroborated tree. Addition of morphology from fossils increased congruence to a greater extent than addition of morphology from extant taxa, consistent with fossils’ temporal proximity to the common ancestors of living species, reflecting the historical, phylogenetic signal present in our data, particularly in morphological characters from fossils. Our results support the widely held but poorly tested intuition that fossils resemble the common ancestors shared by living species, and that fossilizable hard tissues (i.e. bones and teeth) help to reconstruct the evolutionary tree of life.


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Article DOI: 10.1098/rsos.190387

Project DOI: 10.7934/P2769, http://dx.doi.org/10.7934/P2769
This project containsMatrices
  • 183 Media
  • 1 Matrix
  • 107 Taxa
  • 85 Specimens
  • 219 Characters
Total size of project's media files: 205.31M

Download Project SDD File
Total scored cells: 20025
Total media associated with cells: 153
Total labels associated with cell media: 257
Characters
Total characters: 219
Total characters with associated media: 0
Total characters with media with labels: 0
Total character states: 520
Total character states with associated media: 500
Total character states with media with labels:499
Total unordered/ordered characters:191/28
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MorphoBank Project 2769

    Authors' Institutions

    • University of Cambridge

    • Durham University

    • Smithsonian Institution



    Members

    member name taxa specimens media media
    notes
    chars character
    comms
       
    notes  media
    labels
    cell scorings
    (scored, NPA, "-")
    cell
    comms
        
    notes  medialabels
    rules
    Robert Asher
    Project Administrator
    107851833321907555274620025
    (19247, 0, 778)
    020315325714
    Aime Rankin
    Observer
    0000000000
    (0, 0, 0)
    00000


    Taxonomic Overview for Matrix 'M24848' (102 Taxa)

    taxon unscored
    cells
    scored
    cells
    no cell
    support
    NPA
    cells
    "-" cellscell images labels on
    cell images
    member
    access
    [1] Didelphis
    Last Modified in 05/16/18
    0207201015142
    [2] Acomys
    Last Modified in 05/15/18
    3202202014002
    [3] Anomalurus
    Last Modified in 05/15/18
    7206199067132
    [4] Aplodontia
    Last Modified in 10/14/17
    620920207252
    [5] Arvicanthis
    Last Modified in 05/15/18
    0209205013002
    [6] Arvicola
    Last Modified in 05/15/18
    0202201017002
    [7] Capromys
    Last Modified in 05/15/18
    121221008002
    [8] Castor
    Last Modified in 10/14/17
    221020807212
    [9] Cavia
    Last Modified in 10/14/17
    021421107122
    [10] Chaetodipus
    Last Modified in 05/15/18
    1212207065102
    [11] Chinchilla
    Last Modified in 10/14/17
    720720407122
    [12] Cricetomys
    Last Modified in 05/15/18
    1201201017002
    [13] Cuniculus
    Last Modified in 05/15/18
    1020320008112
    [14] Dasyprocta
    Last Modified in 10/13/17
    121321008002
    [15] Dermoptera
    Last Modified in 05/15/18
    121221008002
    [16] Dipodomys
    Last Modified in 10/13/17
    42091950713292
    [17] Dipus
    Last Modified in 05/15/18
    5198197017002
    [18] Echimys
    Last Modified in 10/13/17
    520720308142
    [19] Eliomys
    Last Modified in 05/15/18
    29180171010242
    [20] Erethizon
    Last Modified in 10/13/17
    2209205011002
    [21] Eulemur macaco
    Last Modified in 07/31/18
    1120320205002
    [22] Geomys
    Last Modified in 05/15/18
    7199198013162
    [23] Gerbillus
    Last Modified in 05/15/18
    1206205013002
    [24] Glaucomys
    Last Modified in 05/15/18
    920520306002
    [25] Graphiurus
    Last Modified in 12/05/17
    121221006222
    [26] Heterocephalus
    Last Modified in 06/23/18
    0207198014782
    [27] Heteromys
    Last Modified in 05/15/18
    121320806232
    [28] Hydrochoerus
    Last Modified in 10/13/17
    720520507002
    [29] Hydromys
    Last Modified in 05/15/18
    2200197018222
    [30] Hystrix
    Last Modified in 05/15/18
    720720307132
    [31] Jaculus
    Last Modified in 05/15/18
    1204204014002
    [32] Laonastes
    Last Modified in 05/15/18
    121420407122
    [33] Lepus
    Last Modified in 10/13/17
    321420703482
    [34] Macropus
    Last Modified in 10/14/17
    8194190019002
    [35] Marmota
    Last Modified in 10/13/17
    1213206064112
    [36] Massoutiera
    Last Modified in 10/13/17
    12194194013002
    [37] Mus
    Last Modified in 10/13/17
    1201196017452
    [38] Myocastor
    Last Modified in 10/13/17
    1207207011002
    [39] Myoxus
    Last Modified in 05/15/18
    820520107352
    [40] Napaeozapus
    Last Modified in 05/15/18
    3203196016482
    [41] Neotoma
    Last Modified in 05/15/18
    4197196019002
    [42] Ochotona
    Last Modified in 10/13/17
    221820903352
    [43] Orthogeomys
    Last Modified in 05/15/18
    620419709332
    [44] Oryctolagus
    Last Modified in 10/13/17
    421620903002
    [45] Papio hamadryas
    Last Modified in 07/31/18
    520920606002
    [46] Pedetes
    Last Modified in 05/15/18
    520620108002
    [47] Perognathus
    Last Modified in 05/15/18
    720820406262
    [48] Platacanthomyidae
    Last Modified in 05/15/18
    9194191016222
    [49] Rattus
    Last Modified in 10/13/17
    0205198017242
    [50] Ratufa
    Last Modified in 05/15/18
    021320607452
    [51] Rhynchocyon
    Last Modified in 10/13/17
    321120906002
    [52] Sciurus
    Last Modified in 10/13/17
    021821106002
    [53] Spalax
    Last Modified in 05/15/18
    2202199016232
    [54] Sylvilagus
    Last Modified in 10/13/17
    221621203002
    [55] Tamias
    Last Modified in 05/15/18
    121521305002
    [56] Tamiasciurus
    Last Modified in 05/15/18
    021220707552
    [57] Thomomys
    Last Modified in 10/13/17
    1220220106002
    [58] Thryonomys
    Last Modified in 10/13/17
    420920707002
    [59] Tupaia
    Last Modified in 10/13/17
    321320905112
    [60] Vombatus
    Last Modified in 10/14/17
    9195193016002
    [61] † Adapis
    Last Modified in 05/15/18
    2019718404002
    [62] † Anagale
    Last Modified in 05/15/18
    2319219204002
    [63] † Anagalopsis
    Last Modified in 05/15/18
    7914013901002
    [64] † Asioryctes
    Last Modified in 05/15/18
    3318218204002
    [65] † Barunlestes
    Last Modified in 05/15/18
    6115615503002
    [66] † Cocomys
    Last Modified in 05/15/18
    6315315105002
    [67] † Cricetops
    Last Modified in 05/15/18
    58149145014002
    [68] † Douglassciurus
    Last Modified in 05/15/18
    671471040517222
    [69] † Eurymylus
    Last Modified in 05/15/18
    119969604002
    [70] † Florentiamys
    Last Modified in 05/15/18
    3717517407002
    [71] † Gomphos
    Last Modified in 05/15/18
    1719919503442
    [72] † Gregorymys
    Last Modified in 05/15/18
    5415815508002
    [73] † Heliscomys
    Last Modified in 05/15/18
    371781550614242
    [74] † Heomys
    Last Modified in 05/15/18
    11410110104002
    [75] † Hyopsodus
    Last Modified in 05/15/18
    2019719603002
    [76] † Incamys
    Last Modified in 05/15/18
    7313913608002
    [77] † Ischyromys
    Last Modified in 05/15/18
    211951750513212
    [78] † Kennalestes
    Last Modified in 05/15/18
    6015715702002
    [79] † Kulbeckia
    Last Modified in 05/15/18
    11510210102002
    [80] † Leptictis
    Last Modified in 05/15/18
    1520220103002
    [81] † Matutinia
    Last Modified in 05/15/18
    2619118805002
    [82] † Mimolagus
    Last Modified in 05/15/18
    11310610202002
    [83] † Mimotona
    Last Modified in 05/15/18
    11010810702002
    [84] † Neoreomys
    Last Modified in 05/15/18
    4616515808782
    [85] † Notharctus
    Last Modified in 05/15/18
    720820804002
    [86] † Palaeolagus
    Last Modified in 05/15/18
    2019719204002
    [87] † Paradjidaumo
    Last Modified in 05/15/18
    5415815607002
    [88] † Paramys
    Last Modified in 05/15/18
    1619919405002
    [89] † Paraphiomys
    Last Modified in 05/15/18
    5515615608002
    [90] † Phenacodus
    Last Modified in 05/15/18
    1919919802002
    [91] † Plesiadapis
    Last Modified in 05/15/18
    2419619302002
    [92] † Prolagus
    Last Modified in 05/15/18
    1520019505002
    [93] † Pseudictops
    Last Modified in 05/15/18
    7813813603242
    [94] † Reithroparamys
    Last Modified in 05/15/18
    4017417205002
    [95] † Rhombomylus
    Last Modified in 05/15/18
    820820505002
    [96] † Sciuravus
    Last Modified in 05/15/18
    4916616305002
    [97] † Sinomylus
    Last Modified in 05/15/18
    144737203002
    [98] † Tataromys
    Last Modified in 05/15/18
    6814414208002
    [99] † Tribosphenomys
    Last Modified in 05/15/18
    10311210906002
    [100] † Tsaganomys
    Last Modified in 05/15/18
    6115114607002
    [101] † Ukhaatherium
    Last Modified in 05/15/18
    2618818805002
    [102] † Zalambdalestes
    Last Modified in 05/15/18
    1720419902122


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    Project downloads

    type number of downloads Individual items downloaded (where applicable)
    Total downloads from project284
    Matrix downloads38gliresMatrix (38 downloads);
    Project downloads168
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