Project 367: M. Spaulding, J. J. Flynn. 2012. Phylogeny of the Carnivoramorpha: The impact of postcranial characters. Journal of Systematic Palaeontology. 10 (4):653-677.
Specimen: † Vulpavus ovatus (AMNH:11498)

Abstract

Previous analyses of the mammalian clade Carnivoramorpha have tended to sample only cranial and dental character systems, particularly those that included early Cenozoic taxa, Viverravidae and basal Carnivoraformes (the latter being a paraphyletic array of taxa traditionally referred to as the ‘Miacidae’). In this study we add more than 100 postcranial characters to an existing dataset dominated by cranio-dental characters. The addition of the new characters permits the inclusion of a large number of basal carnivoraforms, known solely or predominantly from postcranial characters, that previously would have been ‘unplaceable’ in a phylogenetic analysis. The resultant phylogeny recovers most of the same clades identified in previous studies, but resolves some relationships differently within the basal carnivoraforms. A novel (unnamed) monophyletic subclade of the Carnivoraformes is recovered, supported in part by characters from both the prior and new datasets. The inclusion of a substantial suite of postcranial characters expands the ability to assess the relationships of basal carnivoramorphan taxa, and permits the inclusion of many taxa represented only by incomplete material.


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Article DOI: 10.1080/14772019.2011.630681

Project DOI: 10.7934/P367, http://dx.doi.org/10.7934/P367
This project containsMatrices
  • 1 Media
  • 1 Matrix
  • 51 Taxa
  • 1 Specimen
  • 216 Characters
Total size of project's media files: 1 MB

Download Project SDD File
Total scored cells: 6808
Total media associated with cells: 0
Total labels associated with cell media: 0
Characters
Total characters: 216
Total characters with associated media: 0
Total characters with media with labels: 0
Total character states: 487
Total character states with associated media: 0
Total character states with media with labels:0
Total unordered/ordered characters:216/0
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MorphoBank Project 367


    Members

    member name taxa specimens media media
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    Michelle Spaulding
    Project Administrator
    Last logged in 11/08/12
    511102160119006808
    (6808, 0, 0)
    00000


    Taxonomic Overview for Matrix 'M855' (51 Taxa)

    taxon unscored
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    [1] † Leptictis
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    126909000001
    [2] † Hyaenodon
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    5516316100001
    [3] † Thinocyon sp
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    3118718500001
    [4] Echinosorex gymnurus
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    7913713700001
    [5] Erinaceus europaeus
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    2818818800001
    [6] † Oodectes herpestoides
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    3618018000001
    [7] † Vulpavus profectus
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    5116516500001
    [8] † Vulpavus palustris
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    10311511300001
    [9] † Vulpavus ovatus
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    10611011000001
    [10] † Miacis parvivorus
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    9711911900001
    [11] † Dawsonicyon isami
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    8513113100001
    [12] † Miacis petilus
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    163535300001
    [13] † Miacis washakius
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    154626200001
    [14] † Miacis sylvestris
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    142747400001
    [15] † Procynodictis vulpiceps
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    4816816800001
    [16] † Miacis uintensis
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    7813813800001
    [17] † Tapocyon robustus
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    6215415400001
    [18] † Quercygale
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    137797900001
    [19] † Protictis schaffi
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    140767600001
    [20] † Viverravus acutus
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    10211411400001
    [21] † Viverravus minutus
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    145717100001
    [22] † Viverravus gracilis
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    146707000001
    [23] † Didymictis protenus
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    9912111700001
    [24] † Didymictis vancleveae
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    145717100001
    [25] † Hesperocyon gregarious
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    3418218200001
    [26] † Otarocyon
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    9512112100001
    [27] † Daphoenus sp.
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    3418818200001
    [28] † Miacis cognitus
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    140767600001
    [29] Canis latrans
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    521321100001
    [30] Mephitis mephitis
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    920720700001
    [31] Gulo gulo
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    820820800001
    [32] Ursus
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    720920900001
    [33] Otariidae
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    4317317300001
    [34] † Pteronarctos goedertae
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    130868600001
    [35] Procyon lotor
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    1020620600001
    [36] Ailurus fulgens
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    720920900001
    [37] † Hoplophoneus
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    3717917900001
    [38] † Dinictis
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    3718117900001
    [39] Nandinia binotata
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    421221200001
    [40] Hyaena hyaena
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    820820800001
    [41] Civettictis civetta
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    920920700001
    [42] Felis concolor
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    820820800001
    [43] Herpestes
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    820820800001
    [44] † Zodiolestes
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    130888600001
    [45] † Palaeoprionodon
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    150666600001
    [46] † Stenogale
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    139777700001
    [47] † Proailurus
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    139777700001
    [48] † Herpestides antiquus
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    135818100001
    [49] † Miacis exiguus
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    177393900001
    [50] † Miacis medius
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    171454500001
    [51] † PM 3868
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    200161600001


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    Total project views23839
    Project overview4261
    Media views4061Media search (3551 views); M150920 (510 views);
    Matrix views2130Matrix landing page (1829 views); Spaulding and Flynn (301 views);
    Specimen list2078
    Taxon list11309




    Project downloads

    type number of downloads Individual items downloaded (where applicable)
    Total downloads from project295
    Project downloads205
    Matrix downloads86Spaulding and Flynn (86 downloads);
    Media downloads3M150920 (3 downloads);
    Document downloads1Ocepeia Matrix (1 download);