Project 1197: G. S. T. Garbino. 2015. How many marmoset (Primates: Cebidae: Callitrichinae) genera are there? A phylogenetic analysis based on multiple morphological systems. Cladistics.
Specimen: Callithrix aurita (Geoffroy, 1812) (unvouchered)

Abstract

The marmosets, tribe Callitrichini, are the most diverse clade in the subfamily Callitrichinae, containing 21 species. However,there is no consensus among molecular and morphological systematists as to how many genera should be recognized for the group. To test the morphological support for the alternative generic classifications, this study presents a comprehensive phylogenetic analysis. It is the first such analysis to include all 21 species and employ continuous and discrete osteological, pelage and
tegument, karyological and vocal characters. This dataset was combined with nucleotide sequences from two mitochondrial and four nuclear regions. Separate analyses showed that, among morphological datasets, osteological characters were best at solving relationships at more inclusive levels, whilst pelage characters were most informative at the interspecific level. This suggests the presence of different transformation rates for the two character sets. When a single most parsimonious tree was obtained using the 83-character matrix, three main clades were identified, supporting the division of the marmosets into three genera: Callithrix, Cebuella and Mico. The total evidence analysis that included an additional 3481 molecular characters corroborated most of the morphology-based clades and also supported a three-genus classification of the marmosets. This is the first morphological study to support an Amazonian marmoset clade (Cebuella + Mico), which is also strongly supported in exclusively molecular phylogenies, and to synonimize Callibella under Mico.


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Article DOI: 10.1111/cla.12106

Project DOI: 10.7934/P1197, http://dx.doi.org/10.7934/P1197
This project containsMatrices
  • 75 Media
  • 1 Matrix
  • 30 Taxa
  • 48 Specimens
  • 83 Characters
Total size of project's media files: 123.94M

Download Project SDD File
Total scored cells: 2158
Total media associated with cells: 0
Total labels associated with cell media: 0
Characters
Total characters: 83
Total characters with associated media: 0
Total characters with media with labels: 0
Total character states: 194
Total character states with associated media: 68
Total character states with media with labels:41
Total unordered/ordered characters:75/8
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MorphoBank Project 1197

    Authors' Institutions

    • Universidade de Sao Paulo (USP, University of Sao Paulo)

    • Instituto de Pesquisas Ecol√≥gicas



    Members

    member name taxa specimens media media
    notes
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    notes  media
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    (scored, NPA, "-")
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    Guilherme Siniciato Terra Garbino
    Project Administrator
    304875298303268482158
    (2006, 0, 152)
    0000


    Taxonomic Overview for Matrix 'M2720' (28 Taxa)

    taxon unscored
    cells
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    "-" cellscell images labels on
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    [1] Callicebus moloch
    Last Modified in 06/04/14
    768008001
    [2] Saimiri ustus
    Last Modified in 05/28/14
    966009001
    [3] Callimico goeldii
    Last Modified in 05/30/14
    372008001
    [4] Leontopithecus chrysomelas
    Last Modified in 06/03/14
    472008001
    [5] Leontopithecus chrysopygus
    Last Modified in 06/30/14
    473008001
    [6] Saguinus fuscicollis weddelli
    Last Modified in 05/31/14
    573005001
    [7] Saguinus midas
    Last Modified in 05/31/14
    472007001
    [8] Callithrix aurita
    Last Modified in 06/03/14
    376004001
    [9] Callithrix flaviceps
    Last Modified in 05/30/14
    1267004001
    [10] Callithrix geoffroyi
    Last Modified in 05/31/14
    373007001
    [11] Callithrix jacchus
    Last Modified in 05/28/14
    376004001
    [12] Callithrix kuhlii
    Last Modified in 05/31/14
    476004001
    [13] Callithrix penicillata
    Last Modified in 05/28/14
    378004001
    [14] Cebuella pygmaea
    Last Modified in 05/31/14
    475005001
    [15] Mico acariensis
    Last Modified in 05/28/14
    1367003001
    [16] Mico argentatus
    Last Modified in 05/28/14
    769008001
    [17] Mico chrysoleucos
    Last Modified in 06/04/14
    769008001
    [18] Mico emiliae
    Last Modified in 05/28/14
    869007001
    [19] Mico humeralifer
    Last Modified in 05/28/14
    479001001
    [20] Mico humilis
    Last Modified in 05/28/14
    581002001
    [21] Mico intermedius
    Last Modified in 05/28/14
    2158004001
    [22] Mico leucippe
    Last Modified in 05/28/14
    967008001
    [23] Mico marcai
    Last Modified in 05/28/14
    1068005001
    [24] Mico mauesi
    Last Modified in 05/28/14
    775001001
    [25] Mico melanurus
    Last Modified in 05/30/14
    476005001
    [26] Mico nigriceps
    Last Modified in 05/28/14
    1564004001
    [27] Mico rondoni
    Last Modified in 05/30/14
    475006001
    [28] Mico saterei
    Last Modified in 05/28/14
    672005001


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    Matrix views2690Matrix landing page (2365 views); Matrix_NDE (325 views);
    Project overview4070
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    Bibliography6433




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