Project 2200: A. Berta, S. Kienle, G. Bianucci, S. Sorbi. 2015. A Reevaluation ofPliophoca Etrusca(Pinnipedia, Phocidae) from the Pliocene of Italy: Phylogenetic and Biogeographic Implications. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. 35 (1):e889144.
Specimen: Leptonychotes weddellii (unvouchered)
View: body

Abstract

The holotype of Pliophoca etrusca, a partial skeleton from the late Pliocene (Piacenzian) of central Italy, is redescribed. Referred material from the Pliocene of Italy, France, and Spain is compared with the holotype and reassigned to Pliophoca cf. P. etrusca. New dental and postcranial material from the late Pliocene and Pleistocene of Italy is referred to Monachini indeterminate. Purported referred material from Pliocene deposits in the eastern North Atlantic (Lee Creek Mine, North Carolina) likely represents several new monachine taxa rather than Pliophoca etrusca. Using the largest novel data set to date, including extant and fossil monachines and comprising morphological and molecular data, we inferred phylogenetic relationships among monachine phocids. Results of morphological and combined analyses revealed that Pliophoca etrusca is most closely related to the Mediterranean monk seal, Monachus monachus, although this result is not strongly supported. Based on our phylogenetic framework, the origin of Monachini occurred during the early–middle Miocene, centered in either the Tethys Sea or the West Atlantic.


Read the article »

Article DOI: 10.1080/02724634.2014.889144

Project DOI: 10.7934/P2200, http://dx.doi.org/10.7934/P2200
This project contains
  • 12 Media
  • 3 Documents
  • 16 Taxa
  • 11 Specimens
Total size of project's media files: 9 MB

Download Project SDD File
Currently Viewing:
MorphoBank Project 2200


    Members

    member name taxa specimens media
    MorphoBank Curator
    Project Administrator
    Last logged in 03/11/16
    000
    Maureen Admin
    Full membership
    Last logged in 06/25/15
    161112
    Annalisa Berta
    Full membership
    Last logged in Never
    000


    Project has no matrices defined.



    Project views

    type number of views Individual items viewed (where applicable)
    Total project views22049
    Project overview2343
    Media views7317Media search (2805 views); M380182 (374 views); M380181 (422 views); M380186 (366 views); M380189 (333 views); M380184 (369 views); M380191 (381 views); M380183 (389 views); M380180 (418 views); M380190 (390 views); M380187 (341 views); M380188 (351 views); M380185 (378 views);
    Documents list1237
    Taxon list3958
    Specimen list5310
    Views for media list1285
    Bibliography599




    Project downloads

    type number of downloads Individual items downloaded (where applicable)
    Total downloads from project167
    Media downloads1M380182 (1 download);
    Project downloads157
    Document downloads9Supermatrix NEXUS format (6 downloads); Morphology only matrix (1 download); Character names and states (2 downloads);