Project 2218: Fabrice Lihoreau,Jean-Renaud Boisserie,Fredrick Kyalo Manthi,St├ęphane Ducrocq. 2015. Hippos stem from the longest sequence of terrestrial cetartiodactyl evolution in Africa. Nature Communications. 6:Article number: 6264.
Specimen: † Indohyus (unvouchered)
View: body

Abstract

According to molecular data, hippopotamuses and cetaceans form a clade excluding other extant cetartiodactyls. Despite a wealth of spectacular specimens documenting cetacean evolution, this relationship remains poorly substantiated by the fossil record. Indeed, the evolutionary path leading from the hippo-cetacean ancestor to Hippopotamidae is plagued by missing fossil data and phylogenetic uncertainties. Only an origination within the extinct anthracotheres is compatible with molecular results, substantial filling of phyletic gaps and recent discoveries of early Miocene hippopotamids. Yet, the anthracothere stock that gave rise to Hippopotamidae has not been identified. Consequently, recent phylogenetic accounts do not properly integrate the anthracotheriid hypothesis, and relate Hippopotamidae to a stretched ghost lineage and/or close to Suina. Here we describe a new anthracothere from Lokone (Kenya) that unambiguously roots the Hippopotamidae into a well-identified group of bothriodontines, the first large mammals to invade Africa. The hippos are deeply anchored into the African Paleogene.


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Article DOI: 10.1038/ncomms7264

Project DOI: 10.7934/P2218, http://dx.doi.org/10.7934/P2218
This project containsMatrices
  • 1 Media
  • 1 Matrix
  • 54 Taxa
  • 1 Specimen
  • 164 Characters


Download Project SDD File
Total scored cells: 7442
Total media associated with cells: 0
Total labels associated with cell media: 0
Characters
Total characters: 164
Total characters with associated media: 0
Total characters with media with labels: 0
Total character states: 383
Total character states with associated media: 0
Total character states with media with labels:0
Total unordered/ordered characters:164/0
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MorphoBank Project 2218
  • Creation Date:
    20 July 2015
  • Publication Date:
    23 July 2015
  • Project views: 13634


    Members

    member name taxa specimens media chars character
    media
    labels
    cell scorings
    (scored, NPA, "-")
    cell
    medialabels
    rules
    MorphoBank Curator
    Project Administrator
    Last logged in 07/23/15
    5400164007442
    (7291, 0, 151)
    000
    Maureen Admin
    Full membership
    Last logged in 07/23/15
    0110000
    (0, 0, 0)
    000
    Jean-Renaud Boisserie
    Full membership
    Last logged in Never
    0000000
    (0, 0, 0)
    000
    Fabrice Lihoreau
    Full membership
    Last logged in Never
    0000000
    (0, 0, 0)
    000


    Taxonomic Overview for Matrix 'M23458' (54 Taxa)

    taxon unscored
    cells
    scored
    cells
    no cell
    support
    NPA
    cells
    "-" cellscell images labels on
    cell images
    member
    access
    [1] † Dichobune leporina
    Last Modified in 07/23/15
    1714314304004
    [2] † Cebochoerus campichii
    Last Modified in 07/23/15
    615515503004
    [3] † Cebochoerus depereti
    Last Modified in 07/23/15
    1714514502004
    [4] † Siamotherium krabiense
    Last Modified in 07/23/15
    815615501004
    [5] † Anthracokeryx tenuis
    Last Modified in 07/23/15
    3113413201004
    [6] † Anthracokeryx thailandicus
    Last Modified in 07/23/15
    4711811700004
    [7] † Microbunodon minimum
    Last Modified in 07/23/15
    116216201004
    [8] † H occidentalis
    Last Modified in 07/23/15
    2613713701004
    [9] † Anthracotherium chaimanei
    Last Modified in 07/23/15
    4012512400004
    [10] † Anthracotherium magnum
    Last Modified in 07/23/15
    216416200004
    [11] † Myaingtherium kenyapotamoides
    Last Modified in 07/23/15
    4411911901004
    [12] † Bothriogenys orientalis
    Last Modified in 07/23/15
    4212312200004
    [13] † Bothriogenys fraasi
    Last Modified in 07/23/15
    4012412400004
    [14] † Bothriogenys gorringei
    Last Modified in 07/23/15
    1615214800004
    [15] † Bothriogenys andrewsi
    Last Modified in 07/23/15
    117474700004
    [16] † Brachyodus aequatorialis
    Last Modified in 07/23/15
    2414314000004
    [17] † Brachyodus onoideus
    Last Modified in 07/23/15
    116416300004
    [18] † Brachyodus depereti
    Last Modified in 07/23/15
    4212112002004
    [19] † Bothriodon velaunus
    Last Modified in 07/23/15
    2014414400004
    [20] † Aepinacodon
    Last Modified in 07/21/15
    3213313200004
    [21] † Elomeryx crispus
    Last Modified in 07/23/15
    2014714400004
    [22] † Elomeryx borbonicus
    Last Modified in 07/23/15
    116616300004
    [23] † Afromeryx zelteni
    Last Modified in 07/23/15
    1614714602004
    [24] † Sivameryx paleindicus
    Last Modified in 07/23/15
    15140139010004
    [25] † Merycopotamus nanus
    Last Modified in 07/23/15
    515715603004
    [26] † Merycopotamus dissimilis
    Last Modified in 07/23/15
    615515503004
    [27] † Libycosaurus anisae
    Last Modified in 07/23/15
    615815602004
    [28] † Libycosaurus bahri
    Last Modified in 07/23/15
    1153152011004
    [29] † Lokone
    Last Modified in 07/21/15
    4112512201004
    [30] † Morotochoerus ugandanensis
    Last Modified in 07/23/15
    86807701004
    [31] † Kenyapotamus coryndonae
    Last Modified in 07/23/15
    2214714101004
    [32] † Archaeopotamus harvardi
    Last Modified in 07/23/15
    1814514105004
    [33] † Hexaprotodon garyam
    Last Modified in 07/23/15
    016716004004
    [34] † Palaeochoerus
    Last Modified in 07/21/15
    415815505004
    [35] † Kenyasus
    Last Modified in 07/21/15
    515615504004
    [36] † Perchoerus
    Last Modified in 07/23/15
    3812412204004
    [37] † Amphimeryx murinus
    Last Modified in 07/23/15
    7146146011004
    [38] † Khirtaria
    Last Modified in 07/21/15
    74908802004
    [39] † Gobiohyus
    Last Modified in 07/21/15
    5710510502004
    [40] † Mixtotherium
    Last Modified in 07/21/15
    2313813803004
    [41] † Lophiomeryx chalanati
    Last Modified in 07/23/15
    2713013007004
    [42] † Homacodon
    Last Modified in 07/21/15
    75888801004
    [43] † Xiphodon castrense
    Last Modified in 07/23/15
    3113213102004
    [44] † Diplobune minor
    Last Modified in 07/23/15
    016316202004
    [45] † Gujaratia
    Last Modified in 07/21/15
    5147147012004
    [46] † B lysitensis
    Last Modified in 07/21/15
    6010010004004
    [47] † Dacrytherium ovinum
    Last Modified in 07/23/15
    2813313303004
    [48] † Paroxacron valdense
    Last Modified in 07/23/15
    13138138013004
    [49] † Entelodon
    Last Modified in 07/23/15
    315815704004
    [50] † Indohyus
    Last Modified in 07/23/15
    64969604004
    [51] † Merycoidon
    Last Modified in 07/21/15
    3212812804004
    [52] † Archeomeryx
    Last Modified in 07/21/15
    3212912804004
    [53] † Amphiragha
    Last Modified in 07/21/15
    3912712500004
    [54] † Hallebune
    Last Modified in 07/21/15
    5610910701004


    Project views

    type number of views Individual items viewed (where applicable)
    Total project views13634
    Project overview1825
    Media views2845Media search (2570 views); M381840 (275 views);
    Matrix views1190Matrix landing page (1152 views); Epirigenys_Lihoreau et al. 2015 (38 views);
    Views for media list668
    Specimen list1283
    Bibliography545
    Taxon list5278




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    type number of downloads Individual items downloaded (where applicable)
    Total downloads from project137
    Project downloads137