Project 2227: J. Šmíd, M. Shobrak, T. Wilms, U. Joger, S. Carranza. 2017. Endemic diversification in the mountains: genetic, morphological, and geographical differentiation of the Hemidactylus geckos in southwestern Arabia. Organisms Diversity & Evolution. 17 (1):267-285.
Specimen: Hemidactylus yerburii (NHM-BS:N41866)

Abstract

In this study, we provide genetic, morphological, and geographical comparisons for 11 species of the southwestern Arabian radiation of Hemidactylus geckos, nine of which are endemic to the region. By using a coalescence-based species-
tree reconstruction in combination with divergence time estimations and speciation probability testing, we show that most of the speciation events occurred in the Pliocene, which is more recent than previously thought based on calibrations
of concatenated data sets. The current dating indicates that the changing climate at the beginning of the Pliocene, from hot and dry to cold and wet, is likely responsible for increased speciation in Hemidactylus. Analyses of geographic and altitudinal overlap of the species and their morphological differentiation show that most species do not occur in sympatry. Those that overlap geographically are usually differentiatedby their altitudinal preference, head shape, body size, or their
combination. Our results indicate that the topographically complex mountains of southwestern Arabia support a significant radiation of Hemidactylus geckos by allowing multiple allopatric speciation events to occur in a relatively small area.
Consequently, we describe two new species endemic to the Asir Mountains of Saudi Arabia, H. alfarraji sp. n. and H. asirensis sp. n., and elevate two former subspecies of H. yerburii to a species level, H. montanus and H. pauciporosus.


Read the article »

Article DOI: 10.1007/s13127-016-0293-3

Project DOI: 10.7934/P2227, http://dx.doi.org/10.7934/P2227
This project contains
  • 2891 Media
  • 6 Documents
  • 6 Taxa
  • 215 Specimens
Total size of project's media files: 2G

Download Project SDD File
Currently Viewing:
MorphoBank Project 2227

    Authors' Institutions

    • Staatliches Naturhistorisches Museum, Braunschweig

    • Universitat Pompeu Fabra (UPF)

    • National Museum in Prague

    • Allwetterzoo Münster

    • Taif University

    • South African National Biodiversity Institute



    Members

    member name taxa specimens media
    Jiri Smid
    Project Administrator
    Last logged in 07/14/16
    62152891


    Project has no matrices defined.



    Project views

    type number of views Individual items viewed (where applicable)
    Total project views71132
    Project overview2244
    Media views38373Media search (2382 views); M382287 (252 views); M382272 (264 views); M382306 (241 views); M382298 (243 views); M382313 (243 views); M382294 (230 views); M382303 (225 views); M382300 (257 views); M382340 (232 views); M382257 (257 views); M382329 (225 views); M382285 (215 views); M382331 (224 views); M382255 (262 views); M382283 (253 views); M382291 (247 views); M387484 (87 views); M382241 (223 views); M382242 (308 views); M382243 (290 views); M382244 (273 views); M382245 (296 views); M382246 (270 views); M382247 (241 views); M382249 (314 views); M382248 (242 views); M382250 (248 views); M382251 (273 views); M382252 (285 views); M382253 (262 views); M382254 (257 views); M382256 (271 views); M382258 (264 views); M382259 (266 views); M382260 (251 views); M382261 (277 views); M382262 (278 views); M382263 (269 views); M382264 (268 views); M382265 (284 views); M382266 (235 views); M382267 (238 views); M382268 (256 views); M382269 (268 views); M382270 (306 views); M382271 (267 views); M382273 (266 views); M382274 (254 views); M382275 (268 views); M382276 (306 views); M382277 (236 views); M382278 (250 views); M382279 (262 views); M382280 (272 views); M382281 (247 views); M382282 (261 views); M382284 (235 views); M382286 (244 views); M382288 (229 views); M382289 (249 views); M382290 (239 views); M382292 (269 views); M382293 (218 views); M382295 (225 views); M382296 (272 views); M382297 (226 views); M382299 (266 views); M382301 (250 views); M382302 (294 views); M382304 (240 views); M382305 (248 views); M382308 (230 views); M382307 (258 views); M382309 (221 views); M382310 (218 views); M382311 (211 views); M382312 (223 views); M382314 (247 views); M382315 (215 views); M382316 (205 views); M382317 (280 views); M382318 (209 views); M382319 (277 views); M382320 (245 views); M382321 (242 views); M382322 (237 views); M382323 (229 views); M382324 (206 views); M382325 (215 views); M382326 (225 views); M382327 (262 views); M382328 (221 views); M382330 (214 views); M382332 (235 views); M382333 (229 views); M382334 (209 views); M382335 (209 views); M382336 (217 views); M382337 (232 views); M382338 (228 views); M382339 (241 views); M387483 (83 views); M387501 (85 views); M387534 (94 views); M387470 (83 views); M387461 (89 views); M387521 (88 views); M387468 (84 views); M387507 (86 views); M382344 (84 views); M387491 (83 views); M387469 (89 views); M387462 (84 views); M387526 (88 views); M387510 (85 views); M387530 (92 views); M387489 (91 views); M387524 (88 views); M387459 (90 views); M387482 (92 views); M387519 (81 views); M387466 (87 views); M387480 (90 views); M387517 (82 views); M387502 (81 views); M387529 (87 views); M387509 (84 views); M387547 (91 views); M387548 (84 views); M387554 (85 views); M387505 (87 views); M387492 (87 views); M387552 (87 views); M387506 (98 views); M387464 (89 views); M387465 (85 views); M387515 (86 views); M387545 (88 views); M387544 (88 views); M387497 (85 views); M387471 (80 views); M387444 (89 views); M387518 (82 views); M387494 (87 views); M387445 (90 views); M387562 (92 views); M389826 (1 view); M387522 (85 views); M387536 (84 views); M387452 (88 views); M387454 (87 views); M387504 (85 views); M387531 (78 views); M387487 (85 views); M387496 (85 views); M387540 (92 views); M387558 (88 views); M387475 (86 views); M387513 (87 views); M387539 (86 views); M387542 (87 views); M387495 (83 views); M387535 (83 views); M387503 (91 views); M387447 (92 views); M387498 (85 views); M387458 (88 views); M387456 (89 views); M387449 (88 views); M387476 (95 views); M387561 (90 views); M387451 (88 views); M387463 (77 views); M387553 (87 views); M387511 (83 views); M387551 (92 views); M387499 (88 views); M387481 (85 views); M387446 (83 views); M387528 (85 views); M387455 (88 views); M387555 (77 views); M387479 (86 views); M387457 (86 views); M387467 (92 views); M387520 (85 views); M387537 (82 views); M387550 (89 views); M387538 (84 views); M387546 (85 views); M382343 (96 views); M387514 (83 views); M387478 (92 views); M387508 (92 views); M387541 (88 views); M382341 (80 views); M387472 (85 views); M387512 (88 views); M387485 (84 views); M387448 (96 views); M387556 (86 views); M387523 (86 views); M387564 (90 views); M387516 (81 views); M387500 (86 views); M387488 (86 views); M387493 (90 views); M387453 (87 views); M387557 (82 views); M387490 (83 views); M389941 (3 views); M389949 (3 views); M389998 (1 view); M389983 (3 views); M390369 (2 views); M390382 (2 views); M390404 (2 views); M390405 (2 views); M390425 (8 views); M390439 (1 view); M388036 (1 view); M388046 (1 view); M388047 (1 view); M388072 (1 view); M388093 (1 view); M387474 (84 views); M387943 (1 view); M387952 (2 views); M387955 (1 view); M387968 (1 view); M387967 (1 view); M387977 (1 view); M388028 (1 view); M388030 (1 view); M388033 (1 view); M388029 (1 view); M388037 (1 view); M388045 (1 view); M388187 (1 view); M388193 (1 view); M388192 (1 view); M388195 (1 view); M388196 (1 view); M389572 (2 views); M389580 (2 views); M389598 (1 view); M389605 (1 view); M389578 (1 view); M389581 (1 view); M389618 (1 view); M389919 (1 view); M390014 (3 views); M390007 (1 view); M390008 (1 view); M390003 (1 view); M390002 (1 view); M390057 (1 view); M390062 (1 view); M390059 (1 view); M390056 (1 view); M390055 (1 view); M390470 (5 views); M390478 (1 view); M390479 (1 view); M390480 (1 view); M390504 (1 view); M382342 (86 views); M387450 (93 views); M387460 (84 views); M387473 (83 views); M387477 (92 views); M387486 (86 views); M387525 (92 views); M387527 (89 views); M387532 (86 views); M387533 (84 views); M387543 (83 views); M387549 (79 views); M387559 (88 views); M387560 (83 views); M387563 (86 views); M390345 (1 view); M390352 (1 view); M387950 (1 view); M387600 (1 view); M387583 (1 view); M387620 (1 view); M387619 (1 view); M387602 (1 view); M387702 (1 view); M387729 (1 view); M387675 (1 view); M387617 (1 view); M387704 (1 view); M387714 (1 view); M387711 (1 view); M387618 (1 view); M387715 (1 view); M387632 (1 view); M387699 (1 view); M387652 (1 view); M387634 (1 view); M387574 (1 view); M387578 (1 view); M387726 (1 view); M387584 (1 view); M387596 (1 view); M387599 (1 view); M387592 (1 view); M387695 (1 view); M387580 (1 view); M387688 (1 view); M387631 (1 view); M387713 (1 view); M387668 (1 view); M387595 (1 view); M387569 (1 view); M387597 (1 view); M387694 (1 view); M387639 (1 view); M387659 (1 view); M387686 (1 view); M387601 (1 view); M387638 (1 view); M387616 (1 view); M387577 (1 view); M387588 (1 view); M387672 (2 views); M387567 (1 view); M387665 (1 view); M387683 (1 view); M387576 (1 view); M387710 (1 view); M387604 (1 view); M387591 (1 view); M387625 (1 view); M387679 (1 view); M387568 (1 view); M387689 (1 view); M387594 (1 view); M387709 (1 view); M387657 (1 view); M387587 (1 view); M387648 (1 view); M387612 (1 view); M387660 (1 view); M387593 (1 view); M387610 (1 view); M387633 (1 view); M387730 (1 view); M387628 (2 views); M387641 (1 view); M387622 (1 view); M387678 (1 view); M387621 (1 view); M387732 (1 view); M387623 (1 view); M387581 (1 view); M387666 (1 view); M387735 (1 view); M387611 (1 view); M387570 (1 view); M387624 (1 view); M387669 (1 view); M387703 (1 view); M387566 (1 view); M387739 (1 view); M387737 (1 view); M387685 (1 view); M387627 (1 view); M387607 (1 view); M387603 (12 views); M387630 (1 view); M387636 (1 view); M387664 (1 view); M387705 (1 view); M387725 (1 view); M387598 (1 view); M387626 (1 view); M387629 (1 view); M387589 (1 view); M387733 (1 view); M387572 (1 view); M387575 (1 view); M387687 (1 view); M387585 (1 view); M387613 (1 view); M387609 (1 view); M387635 (1 view); M387614 (1 view); M387573 (1 view); M387582 (1 view); M387706 (1 view); M387677 (1 view); M387697 (1 view); M387637 (1 view); M387656 (1 view); M387605 (1 view); M387579 (1 view); M387571 (1 view); M387615 (1 view); M387684 (1 view); M387606 (2 views); M387720 (1 view); M387647 (1 view); M387662 (1 view); M387608 (1 view); M387721 (1 view); M387724 (1 view); M387586 (1 view); M387565 (1 view); M387590 (1 view); M387649 (1 view); M387707 (3 views); M387692 (1 view); M387680 (1 view); M387646 (1 view); M387736 (1 view); M387650 (1 view); M387654 (1 view); M387691 (1 view); M387667 (1 view); M387738 (1 view); M387718 (1 view); M387727 (1 view); M387681 (1 view); M387731 (1 view); M387716 (1 view); M387723 (1 view); M387644 (1 view); M387653 (1 view); M387728 (1 view); M387698 (1 view); M387690 (1 view); M387661 (1 view); M387676 (1 view); M387671 (1 view); M387643 (1 view); M387673 (1 view); M387722 (1 view); M387682 (1 view); M387701 (1 view); M387645 (1 view); M387651 (1 view); M387655 (1 view); M387717 (1 view); M387734 (1 view); M387693 (1 view); M387674 (1 view); M387696 (1 view); M387700 (1 view); M387712 (1 view); M387642 (1 view); M387640 (1 view); M387708 (1 view); M387663 (1 view); M387658 (1 view); M387719 (1 view); M390031 (3 views); M390104 (3 views); M389959 (5 views); M390438 (2 views); M390424 (1 view); M390423 (2 views); M390383 (1 view); M389947 (1 view); M389948 (1 view); M389961 (1 view); M389980 (1 view); M389982 (1 view); M390012 (2 views); M390013 (1 view);
    Documents list1050
    Specimen list27755
    Taxon list1139
    Bibliography571




    Project downloads

    type number of downloads Individual items downloaded (where applicable)
    Total downloads from project240
    Project downloads161
    Media downloads76M382287 (3 downloads); M389941 (2 downloads); M389949 (2 downloads); M389983 (3 downloads); M390382 (2 downloads); M390405 (2 downloads); M388036 (1 download); M388047 (1 download); M388072 (1 download); M388093 (1 download); M387952 (1 download); M387955 (1 download); M387968 (1 download); M387967 (1 download); M388028 (1 download); M388030 (1 download); M388033 (1 download); M388029 (1 download); M388187 (1 download); M388193 (1 download); M388192 (1 download); M388195 (1 download); M388196 (1 download); M389580 (1 download); M389578 (1 download); M389581 (1 download); M390014 (3 downloads); M390007 (1 download); M390003 (1 download); M390002 (1 download); M390008 (2 downloads); M390057 (1 download); M390056 (1 download); M390055 (1 download); M390062 (1 download); M390059 (1 download); M390470 (3 downloads); M390478 (1 download); M390479 (1 download); M390480 (1 download); M390369 (1 download); M390425 (4 downloads); M390031 (1 download); M390104 (1 download); M389959 (3 downloads); M390438 (1 download); M390424 (1 download); M390423 (1 download); M390404 (1 download); M390383 (1 download); M389947 (2 downloads); M389948 (1 download); M389961 (1 download); M389980 (1 download); M389982 (1 download); M390012 (1 download); M390013 (1 download);
    Document downloads3Data set 1 (1 download); Data set 1 (2 downloads);