Project 2246: Delano S. Lewis, Felix A. H. Sperling, Shinichi Nakahara, Adam M. Cotton, Akito Y. Kawahara, Fabien L. Condamine. 2015. Role of Caribbean Islands in the diversification and biogeography of Neotropical Heraclides swallowtails. Cladistics. 31 (3):291–314.
Specimen: Heraclides astyalus (unvouchered)

Abstract

Numerous hypotheses on the evolution of Neotropical biodiversity have stimulated research to provide a better understanding of diversity dynamics and distribution patterns of the region. However, few studies integrate molecular and morphological data with complete sampling of a Neotropical group, and so there has been little synthesis of the multiple processes governing biodiversity through space and time. Here, a total-evidence phylogenetic approach is used to reconstruct the evolutionary history of the butterfly subgenus Heraclides. We used DNA sequences for two mitochondrial genes and one nuclear gene and coded 133 morphological characters of larvae and adults. A robust and well-resolved phylogeny was obtained using several analytical approaches, while molecular dating and biogeographical analyses indicated an early Miocene origin (22 Mya) in the Caribbean Islands. We inferred six independent dispersal events from the Caribbean to the mainland, and three from the mainland to the Caribbean, and we suggest that cooling climates with decreasing sea levels may have contributed to these events. The time-calibrated tree is best explained by a museum model of diversity in which both speciation and extinction rates remained constant through time. By assessing both continental and fine-scale biodiversity patterns, this study provides new findings, for instance that islands may act as source of diversity rather than as a sink, to explain spatio-temporal macroevolutionary processes within the Neotropical region.


Read the article »

Article DOI: 10.1111/cla.12092

Project DOI: 10.7934/P2246, http://dx.doi.org/10.7934/P2246
This project contains
  • 487 Media
  • 5 Documents
  • 79 Taxa
  • 80 Specimens
Total size of project's media files: 214 MB

Download Project SDD File
Currently Viewing:
MorphoBank Project 2246
  • Creation Date:
    20 August 2015
  • Publication Date:
    07 December 2015
  • Project views: 54382


    Members

    member name taxa specimens media
    MorphoBank Curator
    Project Administrator
    Last logged in 12/07/15
    7880487
    Fabien Condamine
    Full membership
    Last logged in 11/24/15
    000
    Delano Lewis
    Full membership
    Last logged in 12/07/15
    000


    Project has no matrices defined.



    Project views

    type number of views Individual items viewed (where applicable)
    Total project views54382
    Project overview1726
    Media views34525Media search (2577 views); M391800 (203 views); M402218 (211 views); M402401 (245 views); M402230 (239 views); M402425 (223 views); M402257 (249 views); M391801 (236 views); M402219 (225 views); M402220 (221 views); M402221 (248 views); M402222 (202 views); M402223 (217 views); M402224 (217 views); M402225 (236 views); M402226 (231 views); M402227 (390 views); M402228 (206 views); M402229 (229 views); M402231 (228 views); M402232 (220 views); M402233 (264 views); M402234 (212 views); M402235 (225 views); M402236 (196 views); M402237 (214 views); M402238 (223 views); M402239 (241 views); M402240 (202 views); M402241 (261 views); M402242 (238 views); M402243 (216 views); M402244 (221 views); M402245 (232 views); M402246 (235 views); M402247 (230 views); M402248 (223 views); M402249 (210 views); M402250 (257 views); M402251 (243 views); M402252 (246 views); M402253 (252 views); M402254 (220 views); M402255 (222 views); M402256 (211 views); M402258 (260 views); M402259 (245 views); M402260 (241 views); M402261 (238 views); M402262 (204 views); M402263 (244 views); M402264 (224 views); M402396 (198 views); M402397 (239 views); M402398 (227 views); M402399 (222 views); M402400 (212 views); M402402 (212 views); M402403 (245 views); M402404 (227 views); M402405 (213 views); M402406 (212 views); M402407 (235 views); M402408 (228 views); M402409 (215 views); M402410 (225 views); M402411 (199 views); M402412 (225 views); M402413 (228 views); M402414 (235 views); M402415 (231 views); M402416 (215 views); M402417 (223 views); M402418 (220 views); M402419 (224 views); M402420 (244 views); M402421 (208 views); M402422 (225 views); M402423 (223 views); M402424 (210 views); M402426 (242 views); M402427 (219 views); M402428 (228 views); M402429 (239 views); M402430 (236 views); M402431 (246 views); M402432 (206 views); M402433 (198 views); M402434 (239 views); M402435 (240 views); M402436 (199 views); M402580 (220 views); M402581 (237 views); M402582 (183 views); M402583 (218 views); M402584 (226 views); M402585 (219 views); M402586 (230 views); M402587 (192 views); M402588 (218 views); M402589 (237 views); M405892 (2 views); M405785 (3 views); M405891 (3 views); M402690 (73 views); M402644 (70 views); M402655 (66 views); M405954 (3 views); M405780 (53 views); M405904 (4 views); M405970 (3 views); M402674 (83 views); M405314 (69 views); M405910 (6 views); M405810 (3 views); M405899 (3 views); M405938 (3 views); M405790 (3 views); M405833 (2 views); M405827 (3 views); M402682 (64 views); M402612 (59 views); M402653 (70 views); M402669 (84 views); M402600 (62 views); M402660 (79 views); M402605 (62 views); M402645 (58 views); M402650 (68 views); M402679 (72 views); M402598 (59 views); M402606 (59 views); M402640 (81 views); M402686 (78 views); M402647 (70 views); M402615 (74 views); M402635 (64 views); M402622 (64 views); M402596 (65 views); M405775 (3 views); M405981 (5 views); M402593 (63 views); M402658 (69 views); M405840 (2 views); M402678 (57 views); M402677 (59 views); M402601 (75 views); M402654 (60 views); M402676 (75 views); M402590 (82 views); M402591 (64 views); M402592 (70 views); M402627 (76 views); M402616 (68 views); M402628 (68 views); M402604 (63 views); M402594 (77 views); M402613 (81 views); M402597 (61 views); M402636 (57 views); M402629 (74 views); M402631 (56 views); M402602 (70 views); M402617 (57 views); M402608 (83 views); M402623 (76 views); M402595 (61 views); M402639 (64 views); M402656 (62 views); M402614 (69 views); M402630 (55 views); M402632 (74 views); M402637 (81 views); M402619 (63 views); M402609 (59 views); M402599 (55 views); M402666 (67 views); M402603 (78 views); M402620 (71 views); M402624 (59 views); M402618 (83 views); M402657 (63 views); M402610 (69 views); M402667 (85 views); M402638 (72 views); M402633 (79 views); M402641 (60 views); M402643 (84 views); M402621 (65 views); M402625 (66 views); M402607 (69 views); M402648 (73 views); M402611 (67 views); M402661 (74 views); M402634 (59 views); M402694 (77 views); M402626 (66 views); M402652 (67 views); M402689 (62 views); M402680 (64 views); M402668 (68 views); M402659 (59 views); M402675 (73 views); M402642 (74 views); M402649 (79 views); M402662 (65 views); M402684 (68 views); M402670 (60 views); M402695 (61 views); M402651 (66 views); M402671 (66 views); M402646 (67 views); M402663 (57 views); M402681 (67 views); M402672 (62 views); M402691 (61 views); M405315 (71 views); M402696 (68 views); M402685 (64 views); M405320 (66 views); M405316 (73 views); M402673 (67 views); M405310 (72 views); M402683 (75 views); M402664 (71 views); M405321 (74 views); M402692 (103 views); M405311 (74 views); M402697 (60 views); M405317 (114 views); M405322 (61 views); M402687 (79 views); M405308 (69 views); M405312 (86 views); M402693 (66 views); M402665 (76 views); M402688 (74 views); M405309 (65 views); M405318 (79 views); M405313 (73 views); M405323 (69 views); M405324 (73 views); M405319 (58 views); M405755 (4 views); M405838 (2 views); M405800 (3 views); M405841 (3 views); M405890 (2 views); M405799 (3 views); M405944 (3 views); M405327 (3 views); M405972 (5 views); M405336 (4 views); M405794 (3 views); M405937 (5 views); M405946 (3 views); M405984 (5 views); M405902 (9 views); M405797 (3 views); M405922 (3 views); M405957 (4 views); M405952 (5 views); M405337 (2 views); M405330 (2 views); M405793 (2 views); M405769 (2 views); M405331 (2 views); M405784 (2 views); M405338 (2 views); M405762 (2 views); M405870 (4 views); M405335 (3 views); M405955 (2 views); M405977 (3 views); M405983 (2 views); M405964 (2 views); M405939 (2 views); M405965 (2 views); M405945 (2 views); M405974 (2 views); M405914 (3 views); M405961 (2 views); M405927 (3 views); M405866 (2 views); M405803 (2 views); M405850 (2 views); M405858 (2 views); M405812 (2 views); M405864 (2 views); M405894 (2 views); M405836 (2 views); M405925 (3 views); M405926 (3 views); M405857 (2 views); M405796 (2 views); M405342 (2 views); M405753 (3 views); M405905 (3 views); M405860 (2 views); M405930 (3 views); M405969 (5 views); M405832 (2 views); M405940 (3 views); M405825 (2 views); M405919 (3 views); M405824 (2 views); M405782 (3 views); M405817 (2 views); M405953 (3 views); M405828 (2 views); M405332 (2 views); M405777 (2 views); M405804 (2 views); M405749 (3 views); M405978 (3 views); M405835 (2 views); M405747 (2 views); M405855 (2 views); M405918 (3 views); M405936 (3 views); M405868 (2 views); M405861 (2 views); M405846 (2 views); M405884 (2 views); M405950 (3 views); M405889 (2 views); M405814 (2 views); M405834 (2 views); M405928 (3 views); M405963 (3 views); M405815 (2 views); M405897 (2 views); M405947 (3 views); M405908 (3 views); M405852 (2 views); M405826 (3 views); M405848 (2 views); M405821 (2 views); M405778 (2 views); M405880 (2 views); M405851 (2 views); M405962 (3 views); M405941 (3 views); M405813 (2 views); M405885 (2 views); M405839 (2 views); M405802 (2 views); M405907 (3 views); M405805 (2 views); M405816 (2 views); M405823 (3 views); M405968 (3 views); M405942 (3 views); M405787 (1 view); M405768 (1 view); M405343 (1 view); M405783 (1 view); M405325 (1 view); M405788 (1 view); M405743 (1 view); M405746 (1 view); M405786 (1 view); M405329 (1 view); M405750 (1 view); M405752 (1 view); M405781 (1 view); M405776 (1 view); M405792 (1 view); M405767 (1 view); M405757 (1 view); M405334 (1 view); M405745 (1 view); M405761 (1 view); M405789 (1 view); M405771 (1 view); M405751 (1 view); M405748 (1 view); M405779 (1 view); M405774 (1 view); M405328 (1 view); M405772 (1 view); M405758 (1 view); M405341 (1 view); M405339 (1 view); M405770 (1 view); M405764 (1 view); M405763 (1 view); M405742 (1 view); M405773 (1 view); M405326 (1 view); M405744 (1 view); M405333 (1 view); M405340 (1 view); M405766 (1 view); M405754 (1 view); M405756 (1 view); M405791 (1 view); M405760 (1 view); M405759 (1 view); M405867 (3 views); M405854 (3 views); M405924 (3 views); M405966 (3 views); M405876 (3 views); M405888 (3 views); M405883 (3 views); M405856 (3 views); M405959 (3 views); M405948 (3 views); M405831 (3 views); M405829 (3 views); M405934 (3 views); M405818 (3 views); M405869 (3 views); M405960 (3 views); M405933 (3 views); M405973 (2 views); M405820 (2 views); M405847 (1 view); M405873 (1 view); M405980 (2 views); M405921 (2 views); M405879 (1 view); M405863 (1 view); M405886 (1 view); M405982 (2 views); M405807 (1 view); M405913 (2 views); M405874 (1 view); M405896 (1 view); M405822 (1 view); M405912 (2 views); M405975 (2 views); M405845 (1 view); M405971 (2 views); M405929 (2 views); M405898 (2 views); M405935 (2 views); M405843 (1 view); M405932 (2 views); M405909 (2 views); M405900 (2 views); M405903 (2 views); M405916 (1 view); M405956 (1 view); M405931 (1 view); M405951 (1 view); M405911 (1 view); M405906 (1 view); M405915 (1 view); M405901 (3 views); M405949 (1 view); M405920 (1 view); M405967 (1 view); M405917 (1 view); M405958 (1 view); M405976 (1 view); M405943 (1 view); M405923 (1 view); M405830 (1 view); M405849 (2 views); M405819 (1 view); M405806 (1 view); M405887 (1 view); M405865 (1 view); M405862 (2 views); M405842 (1 view); M405878 (1 view); M405811 (1 view); M405809 (2 views); M405859 (1 view); M405881 (1 view); M405875 (1 view); M405808 (1 view); M405882 (2 views); M405844 (1 view); M405877 (1 view); M405801 (1 view); M405871 (1 view); M405872 (1 view); M405895 (1 view); M405837 (1 view); M405853 (2 views); M405893 (1 view); M405979 (1 view);
    Documents list990
    Views for media list1687
    Taxon list1296
    Bibliography797
    Specimen list13361




    Project downloads

    type number of downloads Individual items downloaded (where applicable)
    Total downloads from project157
    Project downloads120
    Document downloads37Matrix file (12 downloads); Appendix S7 - Morphological matrix (XLSX) (11 downloads); Appendix S4 - Details for Morphology (PDF) (12 downloads); Fig. 3 - Morphology of Heraclides (PDF) (1 download); Appendix S6 - Figures for Morphology (PDF) (1 download);