Project 2298: J. R. Wible, E.M. Hughes. 2016. On the Foot Osteology of the Hispaniolan Solenodon, Solenodon Paradoxus Brandt, 1833 (Mammalia, Lipotyphla, Solenodontidae). Annals of the Carnegie Museum. 83 (3):167-205. (In Press)
Specimen: Solenodon paradoxus (AMNH/MAM:212912)


The osseous elements of the foot and ankle are described in detail, illustrated, and measured for the Hispaniolan solenodon, Solenodon paradoxus Brandt, 1833, one of two extant species of the lipotyphlan family Solenodontidae. Comparisons are made with the same elements in representatives of the three remaining extant families of lipotyphlans, the soricid Crocidura luna, the talpid Parascalops breweri, and the erinaceid Erinaceus europaeus. The solenodon foot is generalized but with a unique modification regarding the entocuneiform; it has an elongate medial spur with a sizeable facet for the astragalar head. The other lipotyphlans studied have a medial spur of the entocuneiform, but it is well separated from the astragalus by the navicular. Crocidura luna also has a remarkable modification; the ectal facets on the astragalus and calcaneus have opposing concavoconvex surfaces.
Prior authors have used indices of various fore- and hind limb elements to evaluate substrate use during locomotion. Phalangeal indices (length of the manual or pedal digits to the length of the metapodial for a particular ray) in didelphid marsupials and primates have been found to match observations of reliance on fine supports versus the ground or large-diameter supports; longer digits to metapodials are found in graspers. We combine pedal phalangeal indices from the four studied lipotyphlans with those published for didelphid marsupials and primates in a Principal Components Analysis. The results separate the primates from the other taxa and all taxa along a fine support/terrestrial gradient. The lipotyphlans are at the terrestrial end with the one carnivoran in the sample, the raccoon Procyon lotor.

Key Words: astragalus; calcaneus; Crocidura luna; Erinaceus europaeus; lipotyphlan; Parascalops breweri; phalangeal index; Solenodon paradoxus; tarsals.

Article DOI:

Project DOI: 10.7934/P2298,
This project contains
  • 54 Media
  • 2 Documents
  • 6 Taxa
  • 6 Specimens
Total size of project's media files: 1880 MB

Download Project SDD File
Currently Viewing:
MorphoBank Project 2298
  • Creation Date:
    23 October 2015
  • Publication Date:
    28 March 2016
  • Project views: 26175


    member name taxa specimens media
    John Wible
    Project Administrator
    Last logged in 03/28/16
    Elijah Hughes
    Full membership
    Last logged in Never

    Project has no matrices defined.

    Project views

    type number of views Individual items viewed (where applicable)
    Total project views26175
    Project overview2172
    Taxon list2190
    Media views15594Media search (2076 views); M402306 (309 views); M402308 (271 views); M402315 (278 views); M402309 (285 views); M402348 (215 views); M402322 (263 views); M402324 (244 views); M402307 (253 views); M402318 (290 views); M402353 (243 views); M402385 (232 views); M402333 (255 views); M402344 (249 views); M402310 (257 views); M402351 (258 views); M402338 (243 views); M402365 (228 views); M402321 (302 views); M402347 (220 views); M402320 (267 views); M402374 (230 views); M402387 (234 views); M402323 (248 views); M402312 (250 views); M402334 (246 views); M402314 (259 views); M402327 (252 views); M402319 (264 views); M402325 (263 views); M402384 (255 views); M402313 (240 views); M402382 (202 views); M402332 (304 views); M402389 (200 views); M402311 (225 views); M402316 (236 views); M402317 (292 views); M402326 (225 views); M402328 (245 views); M402329 (242 views); M402330 (236 views); M402331 (257 views); M402337 (259 views); M402339 (268 views); M402345 (343 views); M402354 (256 views); M402364 (217 views); M402379 (220 views); M402381 (227 views); M402383 (229 views); M402386 (234 views); M402388 (219 views); M402390 (269 views); M402391 (210 views);
    Documents list1033
    Specimen list2633
    Views for media list1662

    Project downloads

    type number of downloads Individual items downloaded (where applicable)
    Total downloads from project161
    Project downloads161