Project 2406: C. C. Gilbert, J. B. Rossie. 2007. Congruence of molecules and morphology using a narrow allometric approach. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 104 (29):11910-11914.
Specimen: Papio (unvouchered)

Abstract

There are many cases of incongruence between phylogenetichypotheses produced from morphological data and those producedfrom molecular data. In such instances, many researchersprefer to accept the results of molecular phylogenies. For example,in a recent analysis of primate phylogenies based on craniodentalcharacters, Collard and Wood [Collard M, Wood BA (2000) Proc NatlAcad Sci USA 97:5003–5006] argued that, because craniodentaldata do not yield relationships concordant with molecular studies,the results of studies that employ such characters must be consideredsuspect. As most of our knowledge of mammalian evolutionand phylogenetic history comes from craniodental fossils, theseresults have dramatic implications. However, the aforementionedanalysis did not take into account the potentially confoundingeffects of allometry on quantitative craniodental characters. In thisarticle, we employ a previously undescribed narrow allometriccoding method that accounts for such confounding influences inphylogenetic analyses of craniodental morphology. By using essentiallythe same raw data set as Collard and Wood [Collard M,Wood BA (2000) Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 97:5003–5006], 65 quantitativecraniodental characters were adjusted in a parsimony analysisfor the primate tribe Papionini, a group of monkeys argued todisplay extensive homoplasy. The resulting phylogenetic tree wascongruent with the phylogenetic tree based on molecular data forthese species, thereby meeting the ‘‘criterion of congruence.’’These results suggest that morphological data, when treatedproperly, can be considered as reliable as molecular data in phylogeneticreconstruction. Rather than accepting phylogenetic hypothesesfrom one data source over another, cases of incongruenceshould be examined with greater scrutiny.


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Article DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0702174104

Project DOI: 10.7934/P2406, http://dx.doi.org/10.7934/P2406
This project containsMatrices
  • 6 Media
  • 3 Matrices
  • 1 Document
  • 6 Taxa
  • 6 Specimens
  • 65 Characters
Total size of project's media files: 2.95M

Download Project SDD File
Total scored cells: 1170
Total media associated with cells: 0
Total labels associated with cell media: 0
Characters
Total characters: 195
Total characters with associated media: 0
Total characters with media with labels: 0
Total character states: 193
Total character states with associated media: 0
Total character states with media with labels:0
Total unordered/ordered characters:195/0
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MorphoBank Project 2406

    Authors' Institutions

    • Stony Brook University



    Members

    member name taxa specimens media chars character
    media
    labels
    cell scorings
    (scored, NPA, "-")
    cell
    medialabels
    rules
    Abigail Nishimura
    Project Administrator
    666195001170
    (1170, 0, 0)
    000
    Christopher Gilbert
    Full membership
    0000000
    (0, 0, 0)
    000
    James Rossie
    Full membership
    0000000
    (0, 0, 0)
    000


    Taxonomic Overview for Matrix 'M23887' (6 Taxa)

    taxon unscored
    cells
    scored
    cells
    no cell
    support
    NPA
    cells
    "-" cellscell images labels on
    cell images
    member
    access
    [1] Cercocebus
    Last Modified in 04/05/16
    0656500003
    [2] Lophocebus
    Last Modified in 04/05/16
    0656500003
    [3] Macaca
    Last Modified in 04/25/16
    0656500003
    [4] Mandrillus
    Last Modified in 04/05/16
    0656500003
    [5] Papio
    Last Modified in 04/05/16
    0656500003
    [6] Theropithecus
    Last Modified in 04/05/16
    0656500003


    Taxonomic Overview for Matrix 'M23889' (6 Taxa)

    taxon unscored
    cells
    scored
    cells
    no cell
    support
    NPA
    cells
    "-" cellscell images labels on
    cell images
    member
    access
    [1] Cercocebus
    Last Modified in 04/05/16
    0656500003
    [2] Lophocebus
    Last Modified in 04/05/16
    0656500003
    [3] Macaca
    Last Modified in 04/25/16
    0656500003
    [4] Mandrillus
    Last Modified in 04/05/16
    0656500003
    [5] Papio
    Last Modified in 04/05/16
    0656500003
    [6] Theropithecus
    Last Modified in 04/05/16
    0656500003


    Taxonomic Overview for Matrix 'M23890' (6 Taxa)

    taxon unscored
    cells
    scored
    cells
    no cell
    support
    NPA
    cells
    "-" cellscell images labels on
    cell images
    member
    access
    [1] Cercocebus
    Last Modified in 04/05/16
    0656500003
    [2] Lophocebus
    Last Modified in 04/05/16
    0656500003
    [3] Macaca
    Last Modified in 04/25/16
    0656500003
    [4] Mandrillus
    Last Modified in 04/05/16
    0656500003
    [5] Papio
    Last Modified in 04/05/16
    0656500003
    [6] Theropithecus
    Last Modified in 04/05/16
    0656500003


    Project views

    type number of views Individual items viewed (where applicable)
    Total project views20442
    Project overview2341
    Documents list1134
    Matrix views1897Matrix landing page (1458 views); Character matrix, male data (Supplementary Table 5) (150 views); Character matrix, mixed sex data (Supplementary Table 5) (126 views); Character matrix, female data (Supplementary Table 5) (163 views);
    Media views7106Media search (2945 views); M411443 (830 views); M410939 (568 views); M410940 (685 views); M410936 (613 views); M410937 (716 views); M410938 (749 views);
    Taxon list3021
    Specimen list4270
    Bibliography673




    Project downloads

    type number of downloads Individual items downloaded (where applicable)
    Total downloads from project208
    Document downloads4Information about character state definitions (4 downloads);
    Project downloads202
    Matrix downloads2Character matrix, mixed sex data (Supplementary Table 5) (2 downloads);