Project 266: N. B. Simmons, T. M. Conway. 2001. Phylogenetic relationships of mormoopid bats (Chiroptera: Mormoopidae) based on morphological data. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History. 258:1-97.
Specimen: Pteronotus parnellii (unvouchered)

Abstract

Mormoopidae is a small family of Neotropical microchiropteran bats that includes two genera (Mormoops and Pteronotus) and ten species, two of which are known only from fossils. Mormoopidae is typically classified as a member of Noctilionoidea, a group that minimally
includes two other Neotropical families (Phyllostomidae and Noctilionidae) and may also include Mystacinidae, a taxon endemic to New Zealand and Australia. Phylogenetic relationships of extant mormoopid species and one extinct taxon, Pteronotus pristinus, were investigated in a series of parsimony analyses of 209 morphological characters including features of the skull, dentition, vomeronasal organ complex and brain, trachea and hyoid apparatus, tongue, face, ears, pelage, patagia, postcranial skeleton, postcranial myology, reproductive tract, and digestive tract. Three extant phyllostomid species, two noctilionids, two mystacinids, and one emballonurid species were included as outgroups to test monophyly of Mormoopidae and to provide a context for determining the sister group of the family. Results of parsimony analyses under a variety of different assumption sets indicate that Mormoopidae is monophyletic, and that Pteronotus and Mormoops are monophyletic sister taxa. Within the genus Pteronotus, several clades were repeatedly recovered: (1) P. davyi P. gymnonotus (subgenus Pteronotus); (2) P. macleayi P. quadridens; (3) P. personatus P. macleayi P. quadridens (subgenus Chilonycteris); (4) P. parnellii P. pristinus P. personatus P. macleayi P. quadridens; and (5) P. parnellii P. pristinus ( subgenus Phyllodia). These results support monophyly of all subgenera of Pteronotus previously recognized, and additionally indicate that the subgenera Pteronotus and Chilonycteris are sister taxa. Comprehensive diagnoses for each species and clade of Mormoopidae are provided based on character optimizations and ancillary morphometric data from the literature. Results of our parsimony analyses also have implications for understanding higher-level phylogeny of noctilionoid bats. Monophyly of each of the traditionally recognized families (i.e., Noctilionidae, Mystacinidae, Mormoopidae, and Phyllostomidae) was strongly supported. In congruence with recent analyses of mitochondrial gene-sequence data and DNA hybridization experiments, we found strong support for inclusion of Mystacinidae in Noctilionoidea. Using an emballonurid species to root the tree, we found the following interfamilial relationships of noctilionoids: (Noctilionidae (Mystacinidae (Phyllostomidae, Mormoopidae))). Lists of morphological synapomorphies of each of these groups are provided based on character optimizations.


Read the article »

Project DOI: 10.7934/P266, http://dx.doi.org/10.7934/P266
This project containsMatrices
  • 1 Media
  • 1 Matrix
  • 26 Taxa
  • 1 Specimen
  • 209 Characters
Total size of project's media files: 4 MB

Download Project SDD File
Total scored cells: 2911
Total media associated with cells: 0
Total labels associated with cell media: 0
Characters
Total characters: 209
Total characters with associated media: 0
Total characters with media with labels: 0
Total character states: 537
Total character states with associated media: 0
Total character states with media with labels:0
Total unordered/ordered characters:209/0
Currently Viewing:
MorphoBank Project 266


    Members

    member name taxa specimens media media
    notes
    chars character
    notes  media
    labels
    cell scorings
    (scored, NPA, "-")
    cell
    notes  medialabels
    rules
    Nancy Simmons
    Project Administrator
    Last logged in Never
    261102090002911
    (2876, 0, 35)
    0000


    Taxonomic Overview for Matrix 'M677' (17 Taxa)

    taxon unscored
    cells
    scored
    cells
    no cell
    support
    NPA
    cells
    "-" cellscell images labels on
    cell images
    member
    access
    [1] Saccopteryx bilineata
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    1818318308001
    [2] Noctilio albiventris
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    3217317304001
    [3] Noctilio leporinus
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    1019519504001
    [4] Mystacina robusta
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    5614914904001
    [5] Mystacina tuberculata
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    8012612603001
    [6] Macrotus waterhousii
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    1319519501001
    [7] Macrotus californicus
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    2418418401001
    [8] Artibeus jamaicensis
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    1419319302001
    [9] Pteronotus parnellii
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    020920900001
    [10] Pteronotus pristinus
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    176333300001
    [11] Pteronotus personotus
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    3217517502001
    [12] Pteronotus macleayii
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    3417517500001
    [13] Pterontous quadridens
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    3417317302001
    [14] Pteronotus davyi
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    2917817802001
    [15] Pteronotus gymnonotus
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    3717217200001
    [16] Mormoops blainvillii
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    3317517501001
    [17] Mormoops megalophylla
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    2018818801001


    Project views

    type number of views Individual items viewed (where applicable)
    Total project views13190
    Project overview2417
    Media views2833Media search (2430 views); M26814 (403 views);
    Matrix views1420Matrix landing page (1196 views); Mormoopid data (224 views);
    Taxon list4787
    Specimen list1733




    Project downloads

    type number of downloads Individual items downloaded (where applicable)
    Total downloads from project203
    Project downloads180
    Matrix downloads20Mormoopid data (20 downloads);
    Media downloads1M26814 (1 download);
    Document downloads22D Procrustes Coordinates from braincase, plus morphology and molecules (1 download); Procrustes Coordinates from eustachian system analysis, plus morphology and molecules (1 download);