Project 277: F. Herrera, S. R. Manchester, C. Jaramillo, B. MacFadden, S. A. da Silva-Caminha. 2010. Phytogeographic History and Phylogeny of the Humiriaceae. International Journal of Plant Sciences. 171 (4):392–408.
Specimen: Humiriastrum excelsum (US National Herbarium, Smithsonian in Washington DC:2941101)

Abstract

To place a new fossil occurrence of Sacoglottis in a broader context, we surveyed the fruit morphology of all extant genera of the Humiriaceae, conducted a cladistic analysis, and critically reviewed the fossil record for this family. Living and fossil fruits of Humiriaceae are recognized by a woody endocarp, germination valves,
and, in some genera, wall cavities. The phylogenetic analysis based on 40 morphological characters yielded two most parsimonious trees indicating Vantanea as sister taxon to all genera among Humiriaceae. Schistostemon is indistinguishable from Sacoglottis in fruit morphology and is recovered as sister to Sacoglottis
in the topology; we recommend restoring Schistostemon to the rank of subgenus within Sacoglottis. A review of prior published reports of fossil fruits attributed to Humiriaceae led to the rejection and/or reattribution of some records but supports recognition of Vantanea, Humiria, Humiriastrum, and Sacoglottis. The available
characters do not support recognition of multiple fossil species of Sacoglottis. We recognize the occurrence of Sacoglottis tertiaria Berry emend. Herrera from Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, and a newly collected Miocene site from Panama. The Cenozoic fossil record of Humiriaceae in South and Central America, together with discreditation of former reports from Europe, strongly supports a Neotropical origin for this family.


Read the article »

Project DOI: 10.7934/P277, http://dx.doi.org/10.7934/P277
This project containsMatrices
  • 10 Media
  • 1 Matrix
  • 1 Document
  • 23 Taxa
  • 10 Specimens
  • 40 Characters
Total size of project's media files: 43 MB

Download Project SDD File
Total scored cells: 480
Total media associated with cells: 0
Total labels associated with cell media: 0
Characters
Total characters: 40
Total characters with associated media: 0
Total characters with media with labels: 0
Total character states: 87
Total character states with associated media: 0
Total character states with media with labels:0
Total unordered/ordered characters:40/0
Currently Viewing:
MorphoBank Project 277

    This research
    supported by



    Members

    member name taxa specimens media chars character
    media
    labels
    cell scorings
    (scored, NPA, "-")
    cell
    notes  medialabels
    rules
    Fabiany Herrera
    Project Administrator
    Last logged in 09/05/10
    14004000480
    (480, 0, 0)
    0000
    Jonathan Bloch
    Full membership
    Last logged in 04/20/11
    0000000
    (0, 0, 0)
    0000
    MorphoBank Curator
    Full membership
    Last logged in 08/11/14
    0000000
    (0, 0, 0)
    0000


    Taxonomic Overview for Matrix 'M699' (12 Taxa)

    taxon unscored
    cells
    scored
    cells
    no cell
    support
    NPA
    cells
    "-" cellscell images labels on
    cell images
    member
    access
    [1] Erythroxylaceae
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    9313100003
    [2] Linaceae hugoniaceae
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    7413300003
    [3] Ixonanthaceae
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    10323000003
    [4] Caryocaraceae
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    8373200003
    [5] Duckesia
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    0424000003
    [6] Endopleura
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    1423900003
    [7] Humiria
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    1433900003
    [8] Humiriastrum
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    0484000003
    [9] Hylocarpa
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    6353400003
    [10] Sacoglottis
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    0424000003
    [11] Schistostemon
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    0424000003
    [12] Vantanea
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    1453900003


    Project views

    type number of views Individual items viewed (where applicable)
    Total project views25869
    Project overview2649
    Media views8599M85700 (434 views); Media search (3455 views); M85702 (646 views); M85701 (526 views); M85699 (417 views); M85708 (536 views); M85704 (626 views); M85707 (532 views); M85706 (662 views); M85703 (395 views); M85705 (370 views);
    Matrix views1491Matrix landing page (1268 views); Matrix of Morphological Characters of Humiriaceae (223 views);
    Specimen list5916
    Taxon list5511
    Documents list932
    Bibliography771




    Project downloads

    type number of downloads Individual items downloaded (where applicable)
    Total downloads from project197
    Media downloads1M85708 (1 download);
    Matrix downloads11Matrix of Morphological Characters of Humiriaceae (11 downloads);
    Project downloads182
    Document downloads3Copyright information for exemplar media (3 downloads);