Project 277: Herrera F., S. R. Manchester, C. Jaramillo, B. MacFadden, and S.A. da Silva-Caminha. 2010. Phytogeographic History and Phylogeny of the Humiriaceae. International Journal of Plant Sciences. 171 (4):392–408.
Specimen: Humiriastrum excelsum (US National Herbarium, Smithsonian in Washington DC:2941101)

Abstract

To place a new fossil occurrence of Sacoglottis in a broader context, we surveyed the fruit morphology of all extant genera of the Humiriaceae, conducted a cladistic analysis, and critically reviewed the fossil record for this family. Living and fossil fruits of Humiriaceae are recognized by a woody endocarp, germination valves,
and, in some genera, wall cavities. The phylogenetic analysis based on 40 morphological characters yielded two most parsimonious trees indicating Vantanea as sister taxon to all genera among Humiriaceae. Schistostemon is indistinguishable from Sacoglottis in fruit morphology and is recovered as sister to Sacoglottis
in the topology; we recommend restoring Schistostemon to the rank of subgenus within Sacoglottis. A review of prior published reports of fossil fruits attributed to Humiriaceae led to the rejection and/or reattribution of some records but supports recognition of Vantanea, Humiria, Humiriastrum, and Sacoglottis. The available
characters do not support recognition of multiple fossil species of Sacoglottis. We recognize the occurrence of Sacoglottis tertiaria Berry emend. Herrera from Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, and a newly collected Miocene site from Panama. The Cenozoic fossil record of Humiriaceae in South and Central America, together with discreditation of former reports from Europe, strongly supports a Neotropical origin for this family.


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Project DOI: 10.7934/P277, http://dx.doi.org/10.7934/P277
This project containsMatrices
  • 10 Media
  • 1 Matrix
  • 1 Document
  • 23 Taxa
  • 10 Specimens
  • 40 Characters
Total size of project's media files: 43 MB

Download Project SDD File
Total scored cells: 480
Total media associated with cells: 0
Total labels associated with cell media: 0
Characters
Total characters: 40
Total characters with associated media: 0
Total characters with media with labels: 0
Total character states: 87
Total character states with associated media: 0
Total character states with media with labels:0
Total unordered/ordered characters:40/0
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MorphoBank Project 277

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    Fabiany Herrera
    Project Administrator
    Last logged in 09/05/10
    14004000480
    (480, 0, 0)
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    Jonathan Bloch
    Full membership
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    Taxonomic Overview for Matrix 'M699' (12 Taxa)

    taxon unscored
    cells
    scored
    cells
    no cell
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    NPA
    cells
    "-" cellscell images labels on
    cell images
    member
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    [1] Erythroxylaceae
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    9313100003
    [2] Linaceae hugoniaceae
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    7413300003
    [3] Ixonanthaceae
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    10323000003
    [4] Caryocaraceae
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    8373200003
    [5] Duckesia
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    0424000003
    [6] Endopleura
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    1423900003
    [7] Humiria
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    1433900003
    [8] Humiriastrum
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    0484000003
    [9] Hylocarpa
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    6353400003
    [10] Sacoglottis
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    0424000003
    [11] Schistostemon
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    0424000003
    [12] Vantanea
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    1453900003


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    Specimen list5295
    Taxon list3562
    Documents list882
    Bibliography724




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