Project 2771: G. W. Rothwell, M. A. Millay, R. A. Stockey. 2018. Resolving the overall pattern of phylogeny for marattialean ferns. American Journal of Botany. 105 (8):1304-1314.
Specimen: Marattia douglasii (unvouchered)
View: abaxial

Abstract

Premise of the Study
Recent clarification of the distribution of Marattiales through time provides the impetus for “total evidence” phylogenetic analyses of a major fern clade with a rich fossil record. These analyses serve as empirical tests for results from systematic analyses of living species and also of the belief that relationships among living species accurately reflect the overall pattern of phylogeny for clades with an extensive fossil record and a large percentage of extinction.
Methods
Species of living and fossil Marattiaceae are analyzed employing a “total evidence approach” via maximum parsimony. Analyses were conducted using TNT implemented through WinClada.
Key Results
Systematic analyses of living species and of living + extinct species provide roughly concordant topologies for living taxa. However, living species of Marattiales are only one component of a much larger clade with two major subclades. One consists of Psaroniaceae and extends through time to at least the Early Cretaceous. The other consists of Marattiaceae and includes all living species. Various analyses support the generic‐level clades of living species from earlier analyses, but the arrangement of such clades varies from analysis to analysis.
Conclusions
Marattiales is a monophyletic group that is extremely common in late Paleozoic and early Mesozoic deposits, with a stem group Psaroniaceae and a crown group Marattiaceae. Because Marattiaceae represents only a small component of overall marattialean diversity, living species alone neither account for evolutionary changes within the clade over time, nor accurately reflect the overall pattern of marattialean fern phylogeny.


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Article DOI: 10.1002/ajb2.1115

Project DOI: 10.7934/P2771, http://dx.doi.org/10.7934/P2771
This project containsMatrices
  • 1 Media
  • 1 Matrix
  • 1 Document
  • 94 Taxa
  • 1 Specimen
  • 124 Characters
Total size of project's media files: 1 MB

Download Project SDD File
Total scored cells: 11539
Total media associated with cells: 0
Total labels associated with cell media: 0
Characters
Total characters: 124
Total characters with associated media: 0
Total characters with media with labels: 0
Total character states: 332
Total character states with associated media: 0
Total character states with media with labels:0
Total unordered/ordered characters:123/1
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MorphoBank Project 2771

    Authors' Institutions

    • Ohio University



    Members

    member name taxa specimens media chars character
    media
    labels
    cell scorings
    (scored, NPA, "-")
    cell
    medialabels
    rules
    Gar Rothwell
    Project Administrator
    Last logged in 11/16/18
    0000000
    (0, 0, 0)
    000


    Taxonomic Overview for Matrix 'M25703' (94 Taxa)

    taxon unscored
    cells
    scored
    cells
    no cell
    support
    NPA
    cells
    "-" cellscell images labels on
    cell images
    member
    access
    [1] † Aglaophyton major
    Last Modified in 11/15/18
    05050074001
    [2] Danaea wendlandii
    Last Modified in 11/15/18
    1109109014001
    [3] Angiopteris angustifolia
    Last Modified in 11/15/18
    0105105019001
    [4] Angiopteris evecta
    Last Modified in 11/15/18
    2109109013001
    [5] Angiopteris (archangiopteris) chingii
    Last Modified in 11/15/18
    0103103021001
    [6] Angiopteris (archangiopteris) itoi
    Last Modified in 11/15/18
    2101101021001
    [7] Angiopteris (macroglossum) smithii
    Last Modified in 11/15/18
    1110110013001
    [8] Christensenia aesculifolia
    Last Modified in 11/15/18
    1113113010001
    [9] Danaea elliptica
    Last Modified in 11/15/18
    1109109014001
    [10] Danaea nodosa
    Last Modified in 11/15/18
    111411409001
    [11] Eupodium (marattia) kaulfussii
    Last Modified in 11/15/18
    0114114010001
    [12] Eupodium (marattia) laevis
    Last Modified in 11/15/18
    011711707001
    [13] Marattia alata
    Last Modified in 11/15/18
    59999020001
    [14] Marattia douglasii
    Last Modified in 11/15/18
    3105105016001
    [15] Marattia laxa
    Last Modified in 11/15/18
    211411408001
    [16] Ptisana (marattia) fraxinea
    Last Modified in 11/15/18
    2109109013001
    [17] Ptisana (marattia) melanesica
    Last Modified in 11/15/18
    2106106016001
    [18] Ptisana (marattia) salicina
    Last Modified in 11/15/18
    2105105017001
    [19] Ptisana (marattia) silvatica
    Last Modified in 11/15/18
    2107107015001
    [20] † Acaulangium bulbaceum
    Last Modified in 11/15/18
    2106106016001
    [21] † Acitheca adaensis
    Last Modified in 11/16/18
    18585038001
    [22] † Acitheca alii
    Last Modified in 11/16/18
    97878037001
    [23] † Acitheca polymorpha
    Last Modified in 11/16/18
    39292029001
    [24] † Acrogenotheca ramificata
    Last Modified in 11/16/18
    05959065001
    [25] † Angiopteris blackii
    Last Modified in 11/16/18
    17575048001
    [26] † Angiopteris (archangiopteris) henryi
    Last Modified in 11/16/18
    0108108016001
    [27] † Angiopteris (protomarattia) tonkinensis
    Last Modified in 11/16/18
    0108108016001
    [28] † Araiangium pygmaeum
    Last Modified in 11/15/18
    09090034001
    [29] † Archaeocalamites/Protocalamostachys spp.
    Last Modified in 11/16/18
    06868056001
    [30] Botrychium virginianum
    Last Modified in 11/15/18
    48282038001
    [31] † Botryopteris tridentata
    Last Modified in 11/15/18
    17979044001
    [32] † Buritiranopteris costata
    Last Modified in 11/15/18
    09393031001
    [33] † Calamites/Calamocarpon sp.
    Last Modified in 11/16/18
    07171053001
    [34] † Calamites/Calamostachys spp.
    Last Modified in 11/16/18
    07070054001
    [35] † Corynepteris involucrata
    Last Modified in 11/15/18
    19292031001
    [36] † Danaeites rigida
    Last Modified in 11/15/18
    07070054001
    [37] † Eoangiopteris andrewsii
    Last Modified in 11/16/18
    09797027001
    [38] † Eoangiopteris goodii
    Last Modified in 11/15/18
    09090034001
    [39] Equisetum spp.
    Last Modified in 11/15/18
    07676048001
    [40] † Escapia christensenioides
    Last Modified in 11/15/18
    15252071001
    [41] † Grandeuryella renaultii
    Last Modified in 11/15/18
    28888034001
    [42] † Marattia aganzhenensis
    Last Modified in 11/15/18
    05555069001
    [43] † Marattia anglica
    Last Modified in 11/15/18
    06868056001
    [44] † Marattia asiatica
    Last Modified in 11/15/18
    16161062001
    [45] † Marattia excavata
    Last Modified in 11/15/18
    3103103018001
    [46] † Marattiopsis patagonica
    Last Modified in 11/15/18
    85555061001
    [47] † Marattiopsis vodrazkae
    Last Modified in 11/16/18
    06767057001
    [48] † Marattiopsis crenulatus
    Last Modified in 11/15/18
    13939084001
    [49] † Millaya tularosana
    Last Modified in 11/15/18
    17878045001
    [50] † Pertica quadrifaria
    Last Modified in 11/15/18
    24141081001
    [51] † Psilophyton crenulatum
    Last Modified in 11/15/18
    05656068001
    [52] Psilotum nudum
    Last Modified in 11/15/18
    17676047001
    [53] † Qasimia schyfsmae
    Last Modified in 11/15/18
    08080044001
    [54] † Radstockia kidstonii
    Last Modified in 11/15/18
    45858062001
    [55] † Rhacophyton ceratangium
    Last Modified in 11/15/18
    24141081001
    [56] † Scolecopteris alta a
    Last Modified in 11/15/18
    39797024001
    [57] † Scolecopteris altissimus
    Last Modified in 11/16/18
    0102102022001
    [58] † Scolecopteris antarctica l
    Last Modified in 11/15/18
    17777046001
    [59] † Scolecopteris calicifolia l
    Last Modified in 11/15/18
    0101101023001
    [60] † Scolecopteris charma o
    Last Modified in 11/15/18
    19595028001
    [61] † Scolecopteris conicaulis
    Last Modified in 11/16/18
    09595029001
    [62] † Convexocarpus distichus
    Last Modified in 11/15/18
    06262062001
    [63] † Scolecopteris iowensis o
    Last Modified in 11/15/18
    09696028001
    [64] † Scolecopteris latifolia l
    Last Modified in 11/15/18
    1101101022001
    [65] † Scolecopteris dispora
    Last Modified in 11/15/18
    08282042001
    [66] † Scolecopteris elegans
    Last Modified in 11/16/18
    08888036001
    [67] † Scolecopteris fragilis l
    Last Modified in 11/15/18
    09797027001
    [68] † Scolecopteris globiforma
    Last Modified in 11/16/18
    49292028001
    [69] † Scolecopteris gnoma
    Last Modified in 11/16/18
    0103103021001
    [70] † Scolecopteris guizhouensis
    Last Modified in 11/15/18
    05151073001
    [71] † Scolecopteris illinoensis
    Last Modified in 11/15/18
    1101101022001
    [72] † Scolecopteris incisifolia l
    Last Modified in 11/15/18
    78888029001
    [73] † Scolecopteris macrospora
    Last Modified in 11/16/18
    48585035001
    [74] † Scolecopteris majopsis o
    Last Modified in 11/15/18
    09595029001
    [75] † Scolecopteris major
    Last Modified in 11/16/18
    17575048001
    [76] † Scolecopteris mamayi l
    Last Modified in 11/15/18
    0104104020001
    [77] † Scolecopteris minor m
    Last Modified in 11/15/18
    29898024001
    [78] † Scolecopteris monothrix l
    Last Modified in 11/15/18
    39999022001
    [79] † Scolecopteris nigra a
    Last Modified in 11/15/18
    09595029001
    [80] † Scolecopteris oliveri o
    Last Modified in 11/15/18
    0104104020001
    [81] † Scolecopteris parkerensis l
    Last Modified in 11/15/18
    19494029001
    [82] † Scolecopteris parvifolia
    Last Modified in 11/15/18
    39191030001
    [83] † Scolecopteris revoluta
    Last Modified in 11/16/18
    48989031001
    [84] † Scolecopteris saharaensis m
    Last Modified in 11/15/18
    0100100024001
    [85] † Scolecopteris shadensis
    Last Modified in 11/15/18
    07575049001
    [86] † Scolecopteris shanxiensis
    Last Modified in 11/15/18
    14646077001
    [87] † Scolecopteris unita
    Last Modified in 11/16/18
    07272052001
    [88] † Scolecopteris vallumii l
    Last Modified in 11/15/18
    09797027001
    [89] † Stauropteris oldhamia
    Last Modified in 11/15/18
    55353066001
    [90] † Sturiella (scolecopteris) intermedia
    Last Modified in 11/16/18
    08484040001
    [91] † Gemellitheca saudica
    Last Modified in 11/15/18
    07676048001
    [92] † Danaeopsis fecunda
    Last Modified in 11/15/18
    03939085001
    [93] † Symopteris rumpfii
    Last Modified in 11/16/18
    04040084001
    [94] † Sydneia manleyi
    Last Modified in 11/16/18
    05555069001


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    Matrix views210Matrix landing page (175 views); Complete matrix of morphological characters (35 views);
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    Project overview255
    Documents list133
    Bibliography88
    Views for media list128
    Specimen list200
    Taxon list805




    Project downloads

    type number of downloads Individual items downloaded (where applicable)
    Total downloads from project49
    Matrix downloads10Complete matrix of morphological characters (10 downloads);
    Document downloads1Total Evidence Matrix from which Fig. 3 was produced (1 download);
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    Media downloads1M640036 (1 download);