Project 3105: J. P. Oeyen, T. Wesener. 2018. A first phylogenetic analysis of the pill millipedes of the order Glomerida, with a special assessment of mandible characters (Myriapoda, Diplopoda, Pentazonia). Arthropod Structure & Development. 47:214-228.
Specimen: Eupeyerimhoffia archimedis (Strasser, 1965) (ZFMK/MYR05100)
View: Crossection of head

Abstract

The pill millipedes of the order Glomerida are a moderately diverse group with a classical Holarctic distribution pattern. Their classification is based on a typological system utilizing mainly a single character complex, the male telopods. In order to infer the apomorphies of the Glomerida, to elucidate its
position in the Pentazonia, and to test the monophyly of its families and subfamilies, we conduct the first phylogenetic analysis of the order. To provide additional characters, we comparatively analyze the mandible using scanning electron microscopy. The final character matrix consists of 69 characters (11 mandible characters) and incorporates 22 species from 20 of the 34 pill millipede genera, representing all families and subfamilies, except the monotypic Mauriesiinae. Two species from each of the two other
Pentazonian orders Sphaerotheriida and Glomeridesmida, as well as two Spirobolida, are included as outgroup taxa. The Glomerida are recovered as monophyletic and are supported by five apomorphies. Within the Pentazonia, the Glomeridesmida are recovered as the sister group to the classical Oniscomorpha (Sphaerotheriida รพ Glomerida) with weak support. The analysis provides little resolution within the Glomerida, resulting in numerous polytomies. Further morphological characters and/or the addition of molecular analyses are needed to produce a robust phylogenetic classification of the Glomerida.


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Article DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.asd.2018.02.005

Project DOI: 10.7934/P3105, http://dx.doi.org/10.7934/P3105
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  • Creation Date:
    08 February 2018
  • Publication Date:
    18 February 2021
  • Project views: 10869

    Authors' Institutions

    • Zoologisches Forschungsmuseum Alexander Koenig



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