Project 3253: G. F. Gunnell,D. M. Boyer,A. R. Friscia,S. Heritage,F. Kyalo Manthi,E. R. Miller,H. M. Sallam,N. B. Simmons,N. J. Stevens,E. R. Seiffert. 2018. Fossil lemurs from Egypt and Kenya suggest an African origin for Madagascar's aye-aye. Nature Communications. 9 (1):none yet.
Specimen: † Plesiopithecus teras new (DPC:13607)
View: digital model of fossil

Abstract

In 1967 G.G. Simpson described three partial mandibles from early Miocene deposits in Kenya that he interpreted as belonging to a new strepsirrhine primate, Propotto. This interpretation was quickly challenged, with the assertion that Propotto was not a primate, but rather a pteropodid fruit bat. The latter interpretation has not been questioned for almost half a century. Here we re-evaluate the affinities of Propotto, drawing upon diverse lines of evidence to establish that this strange mammal is a strepsirrhine primate as originally suggested by Simpson. Moreover, our phylogenetic analyses support the recognition of Propotto, together with late Eocene Plesiopithecus from Egypt, as African stem chiromyiform lemurs that are exclusively related to the extant aye-aye (Daubentonia) from Madagascar. Our results challenge the long-held view that all lemurs are descended from a single ancient colonization of Madagascar, and present an intriguing alternative scenario in which two lemur lineages dispersed from Africa to Madagascar independently, possibly during the later Cenozoic.


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Article DOI: 10.1038/s41467-018-05648-w

Project DOI: 10.7934/P3253, http://dx.doi.org/10.7934/P3253
This project containsMatrices
  • 1 Media
  • 1 Matrix
  • 125 Taxa
  • 1 Specimen
  • 394 Characters
Total size of project's media files: 1 MB

Download Project SDD File
Total scored cells: 25607
Total media associated with cells: 0
Total labels associated with cell media: 0
Characters
Total characters: 394
Total characters with associated media: 0
Total characters with media with labels: 0
Total character states: 1537
Total character states with associated media: 0
Total character states with media with labels:0
Total unordered/ordered characters:114/280
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MorphoBank Project 3253

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    member name taxa specimens media media
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    Tanya Berardini
    Project Administrator
    Last logged in 08/23/18
    1251103940025607
    (24737, 0, 870)
    000
    MorphoBank Curator
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    Steven Heritage
    Full membership
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    Erik Seiffert
    Full membership
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    Taxonomic Overview for Matrix 'M25595' (125 Taxa)

    taxon unscored
    cells
    scored
    cells
    no cell
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    NPA
    cells
    "-" cellscell images labels on
    cell images
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    [1] Allenopithecus nigroviridis
    Last Modified in 08/22/18
    22357356016004
    [2] Alouatta seniculus
    Last Modified in 08/22/18
    7393376011004
    [3] Aotus trivirgatus
    Last Modified in 08/22/18
    2392378014004
    [4] Arctocebus calabarensis
    Last Modified in 08/22/18
    15369363016004
    [5] Cheirogaleus major
    Last Modified in 08/22/18
    5391378011004
    [6] Daubentonia madagascariensis
    Last Modified in 08/22/18
    27310300067004
    [7] Galago demidoff
    Last Modified in 08/22/18
    339738308004
    [8] Galago moholi
    Last Modified in 08/22/18
    1038837608004
    [9] Galeopterus variegatus
    Last Modified in 08/22/18
    4362360030004
    [10] Lemur catta
    Last Modified in 08/22/18
    239538408004
    [11] Leontopithecus rosalia
    Last Modified in 08/22/18
    14357354026004
    [12] Lepilemur spp.
    Last Modified in 08/22/18
    18372358018004
    [13] Loris tardigradus
    Last Modified in 08/22/18
    8385373013004
    [14] Microcebus murinus
    Last Modified in 08/22/18
    8386374012004
    [15] Nycticebus coucang
    Last Modified in 08/22/18
    3383374017004
    [16] Otolemur crassicaudatus
    Last Modified in 08/22/18
    938437609004
    [17] Pan troglodytes
    Last Modified in 08/22/18
    4384375015004
    [18] Perodicticus potto
    Last Modified in 08/22/18
    9388374011004
    [19] Propithecus spp.
    Last Modified in 08/22/18
    8377368018004
    [20] Saimiri sciureus
    Last Modified in 08/22/18
    4391379011004
    [21] Tarsius bancanus
    Last Modified in 08/22/18
    439738208004
    [22] Tupaia glis
    Last Modified in 08/22/18
    139738805004
    [23] Varecia variegata
    Last Modified in 08/22/18
    1038637608004
    [24] † Absarokius sp.
    Last Modified in 08/23/18
    17921421203004
    [25] † Abuqatrania basiodontos
    Last Modified in 08/23/18
    323727100004
    [26] † Adapis parisiensis
    Last Modified in 08/23/18
    4335634605004
    [27] † Aegyptopithecus zeuxis
    Last Modified in 08/23/18
    79309302013004
    [28] † Afradapis longicristatus
    Last Modified in 08/23/18
    204183179011004
    [29] † Aframonius dieides
    Last Modified in 08/23/18
    22816816006004
    [30] † Afrasia djijidae
    Last Modified in 08/23/18
    343514902004
    [31] † Afrotarsius spp.
    Last Modified in 08/23/18
    316777701004
    [32] † Algeripithecus minutus
    Last Modified in 08/23/18
    26512312009004
    [33] † Altanius orlovi
    Last Modified in 08/23/18
    25813413402004
    [34] † Amphipithecus mogaungensis
    Last Modified in 08/23/18
    297949304004
    [35] † Anchomomys frontanyensispc
    Last Modified in 08/23/18
    20419718505004
    [36] † Anchomomys gaillardi
    Last Modified in 08/23/18
    316737305004
    [37] † Anchomomys milleri
    Last Modified in 08/23/18
    315717108004
    [38] † Apidium moustafai
    Last Modified in 08/23/18
    24415214604004
    [39] † Apidium phiomense
    Last Modified in 08/23/18
    10329628704004
    [40] † Arapahovius gazini
    Last Modified in 08/23/18
    17422121802004
    [41] † Arsinoea kallimos
    Last Modified in 08/23/18
    25913113104004
    [42] † Asiadapis cambayensis
    Last Modified in 08/23/18
    18620920701004
    [43] † Azibius trerki
    Last Modified in 08/23/18
    26212712408004
    [44] † Bahinia banyueae
    Last Modified in 08/23/18
    310828103004
    [45] † Bahinia pondaungensis
    Last Modified in 08/23/18
    24414614505004
    [46] † Biretia fayumensis
    Last Modified in 08/23/18
    27212311903004
    [47] † Biretia megalopsis
    Last Modified in 08/23/18
    25913813302004
    [48] † Branisella boliviana
    Last Modified in 08/23/18
    24314614407004
    [49] † Bugtilemur mathesoni
    Last Modified in 08/23/18
    293989803004
    [50] † Caenopithecus lemuroides
    Last Modified in 08/23/18
    21318017704004
    [51] † Cantius abditus
    Last Modified in 08/23/18
    13326726001004
    [52] † Cantius ralstoni
    Last Modified in 08/23/18
    22117617003004
    [53] † Carpolestes simpsoni
    Last Modified in 08/23/18
    47327324023004
    [54] † Catopithecus browni
    Last Modified in 08/23/18
    11528027009004
    [55] † Darwinius masillae
    Last Modified in 08/23/18
    28710210205004
    [56] † Djebelemur martinezi
    Last Modified in 08/23/18
    225162159010004
    [57] † Dolichocebus gaimanensis
    Last Modified in 08/23/18
    20418518505004
    [58] † Donrussellia provincialis
    Last Modified in 08/23/18
    25114214003004
    [59] † Dyseolemur pacificus
    Last Modified in 08/23/18
    23016216202004
    [60] † Eosimias centennicus
    Last Modified in 08/23/18
    23515715603004
    [61] † Europolemur dunaifi
    Last Modified in 08/23/18
    29110510201004
    [62] † Europolemur klatti
    Last Modified in 08/23/18
    19719018908004
    [63] † Ganlea megacanina
    Last Modified in 08/23/18
    28910010005004
    [64] † Gatanthropus micros
    Last Modified in 08/23/18
    28710410205004
    [65] † Hemiacodon gracilis
    Last Modified in 08/23/18
    14325124902004
    [66] † Hoanghonius stehlini
    Last Modified in 08/23/18
    23516115504004
    [67] † Karanisia clarki
    Last Modified in 08/23/18
    25913013005004
    [68] † Komba spp.
    Last Modified in 08/23/18
    22216716606004
    [69] † Laomaki yunnanensis
    Last Modified in 08/23/18
    27911011005004
    [70] † Leptadapis magnus
    Last Modified in 08/23/18
    8231630705004
    [71] † Leptadapis priscus
    Last Modified in 08/23/18
    326646404004
    [72] † Leptadapis ruetimeyeri
    Last Modified in 08/23/18
    25713513403004
    [73] † Loveina zephryi
    Last Modified in 08/23/18
    26912512302004
    [74] † Macrotarsius montanus
    Last Modified in 08/23/18
    315807900004
    [75] † Mahgarita stevensi
    Last Modified in 08/23/18
    21317517407004
    [76] † Marcgodinotius indicus
    Last Modified in 08/23/18
    20919118401004
    [77] † Masradapis tahai
    Last Modified in 08/23/18
    25812912709004
    [78] † Mazateronodon endemicus
    Last Modified in 08/23/18
    26312412407004
    [79] † Mescalerolemur horneri
    Last Modified in 08/23/18
    27311511506004
    [80] † Microadapis sciureus
    Last Modified in 08/23/18
    28510210207004
    [81] † Microchoerus erinaceus
    Last Modified in 08/23/18
    17321521308004
    [82] † Muangthanhinius siami
    Last Modified in 08/23/18
    318747303004
    [83] † Myanmarpithecus yarshensis
    Last Modified in 08/23/18
    292989804004
    [84] † Nannopithex abderhaldeni
    Last Modified in 08/23/18
    188193193013004
    [85] † Nannopithex raabi
    Last Modified in 08/23/18
    224159159011004
    [86] † Necrolemur spp.
    Last Modified in 08/23/18
    9629629008004
    [87] † Nievesia sossisensis
    Last Modified in 08/23/18
    28410810604004
    [88] † Nosmips aenigmaticus
    Last Modified in 08/23/18
    28610110107004
    [89] † Nycticeboides simpsoni
    Last Modified in 08/23/18
    24813813808004
    [90] † Oligopithecus rogeri
    Last Modified in 08/23/18
    27012212202004
    [91] † Oligopithecus savagei
    Last Modified in 08/23/18
    28610310305004
    [92] † Omomys sp.
    Last Modified in 08/23/18
    13426725802004
    [93] † Parapithecus fraasi
    Last Modified in 08/23/18
    297909007004
    [94] † Parapithecus grangeri
    Last Modified in 08/23/18
    152235226016004
    [95] † Phenacopithecus xueshii
    Last Modified in 08/23/18
    307858403004
    [96] † Plesiadapis tricuspidens
    Last Modified in 08/23/18
    41337336017004
    [97] † Plesiolestes problematicus
    Last Modified in 08/23/18
    23715615502004
    [98] † Plesiopithecus teras new
    Last Modified in 08/23/18
    220166163011004
    [99] † Pondaungia cotteri
    Last Modified in 08/23/18
    24115215003004
    [100] † Pronycticebus gaudryi
    Last Modified in 08/23/18
    19919219104004
    [101] † Propliopithecus chirobates
    Last Modified in 08/23/18
    19419519109004
    [102] † Propotto leakeyi
    Last Modified in 08/23/18
    294939208004
    [103] † Proteopithecus sylviae
    Last Modified in 08/23/18
    8631430503004
    [104] † Protoadapis curvicuspidens
    Last Modified in 08/23/18
    27511611405004
    [105] † Pseudoloris parvulus
    Last Modified in 08/23/18
    23615315206004
    [106] † Ptilocercus kylin
    Last Modified in 08/23/18
    29210310101004
    [107] † Purgatorius unio
    Last Modified in 08/23/18
    21617917503004
    [108] † Qatrania wingi
    Last Modified in 08/23/18
    308858402004
    [109] † Rencunius zhoui
    Last Modified in 08/23/18
    298959204004
    [110] † Rooneyia viejaensis
    Last Modified in 08/23/18
    27811311204004
    [111] † Saharagalago misrensis
    Last Modified in 08/23/18
    354383802004
    [112] † Serapia eocaena
    Last Modified in 08/23/18
    306868602004
    [113] † Shoshonius cooperi
    Last Modified in 08/23/18
    10829328402004
    [114] † Siamopithecus eocaenus
    Last Modified in 08/23/18
    25313513506004
    [115] † Steinius spp.
    Last Modified in 08/23/18
    24515714702004
    [116] † Taqah propliopithecid
    Last Modified in 08/23/18
    26412412307004
    [117] † Tarsius sirindhornae
    Last Modified in 08/23/18
    27711511205004
    [118] † Teilhardina americana
    Last Modified in 08/23/18
    24815514402004
    [119] † Teilhardina asiatica
    Last Modified in 08/23/18
    22716916502004
    [120] † Teilhardina belgica
    Last Modified in 08/23/18
    19920319302004
    [121] † Tetonius sp.
    Last Modified in 08/23/18
    15524623702004
    [122] † Wadilemur elegans
    Last Modified in 08/23/18
    26112712607004
    [123] † Washakius insignis
    Last Modified in 08/23/18
    19420519901004
    [124] † Xanthorhysis tabrumi
    Last Modified in 08/23/18
    316777701004
    [125] † Yunnanadapis folivorus
    Last Modified in 08/23/18
    26312812704004


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    Project overview144
    Matrix views101Matrix landing page (81 views); Gunnell.et.al.2018_Propotto_matrix_morphology_only (20 views);
    Bibliography39
    Taxon list435
    Specimen list62
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    Media views156Media search (128 views); M585479 (28 views);




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