Project 3326: M. Lorente, J. N. Gelfo, G. M. López. 2019. First skeleton of the notoungulate mammalNotostylops murinusand palaeobiology of Eocene Notostylopidae. Lethaia. 52 (2):244-259.
Specimen: † Notostylops murinus (:MLP 82-V-1-8)
View: axis veertebra


Here, we describe the first skeletal remains of Notostylops recovered from middle
Eocene levels of the Sarmiento Formation, Patagonia, Argentina. The remains include
two teeth of Notostylops murinus, the axis, vertebral bodies, a rib, a left humerus, both
radii, two metapodials, two phalanges, the pelvis, a right femur, a right calcaneus and
several broken bones. Radial bones are not fused to ulnas, and are shorter than the
humerus, very generalized, with an oval head, a marked neck and a radial tubercle.
The humerus and the femur show pronounced insertion structures. Our analysis suggests
that the appendicular skeleton of Notostylops is too generalized and shares several
features with that of terrestrial rodents as Sciuridae. Unlike the appendicular skeletons
of cursorial or saltatorial mammals, which restrict mobility, the skeleton of Notostylops
indicates the ability to make a variety of different movements, as would be expected
for terrestrial, fossorial or arboreal mammals. This skeleton gives new information
about the locomotor behaviour of notoungulates, particularly in their basal forms.
The results will also allow the identification of isolated notoungulate bones and raise
questions about the previous taxonomic assignment of postcrania to Pleurostylodon.

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Article DOI: 10.1111/let.12310

Project DOI: 10.7934/P3326,
This project contains
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    Authors' Institutions

    • Museo de La Plata

    • Universidad Nacional de la Plata


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    Javier Gelfo
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