Project 3422: G. D. de Lavigerie, M. Bosselaers, S. Goolaerts, T. Park, O. Lambert, F. G. Marx. 2020. New Pliocene right whale from Belgium informs balaenid phylogeny and function. Journal of Systematic Palaeontology. -:1-26.
Specimen: † Antwerpibalaena liberatlas (IRSNB 12345/IRSNB 12345)
View: Articulated left ear bones of the holotype of Antwerpibalaena liberatlas (IRSNB M2325). Photographs in A, anteroventral and B, ventral views.

Abstract

Right whales (Balaenidae) are the most distinctive family of extant baleen whales, thanks to their highly arched rostrum, tall lips and robust body shape. They are also the oldest, originating as much as 20 million years ago (Ma). Nevertheless, their fossil record is patchy and frequently understudied, obscuring their evolution. Here, we describe a new stem balaenid, Antwerpibalaena liberatlas, from northern Belgium, adding to the rich but historically problematic baleen whale assemblage of the Pliocene North Sea. Within right whales, Antwerpibalaena forms a clade with two previously described extinct genera, Balaenella and Balaenula. The holotype preserves much of the postcranial skeleton, and informs the emergence of typical balaenid traits like fused neck vertebrae and paddle-shaped flippers. Its size is intermediate between that of extant right whales and most of their extinct forebears revealing a more complex pattern of balaenid size evolution than previously thought.


Read the article »

Article DOI: 10.1080/14772019.2020.1746422

Project DOI: 10.7934/P3422, http://dx.doi.org/10.7934/P3422
This project containsMatrices
  • 1 Media
  • 1 Matrix
  • 1 Document
  • 110 Taxa
  • 1 Specimen
  • 278 Characters
Total size of project's media files: 1.9M

Download Project SDD File
Total scored cells: 18151
Total media associated with cells: 0
Total labels associated with cell media: 0
Characters
Total characters: 278
Total characters with associated media: 0
Total characters with media with labels: 0
Total character states: 651
Total character states with associated media: 0
Total character states with media with labels:0
Total unordered/ordered characters:240/38
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MorphoBank Project 3422

    Authors' Institutions

    • Natural History Museum, London

    • Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa, Wellington

    • University of Oxford

    • Université de Liège

    • Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences

    • Royal Zeeland Scientific Society (Koninklijk Zeeuwsch Genootschap der Wetenschappen)



    Members

    member name taxa specimens media chars character
    media
    labels
    cell scorings
    (scored, NPA, "-")
    cell
    medialabels
    rules
    Guillaume Duboys de Lavigerie
    Project Administrator
    Last logged in 04/30/20
    110112780018148
    (16664, 157, 1327)
    000
    Felix Marx
    Full membership
    Last logged in 04/23/20
    0000003
    (2, 0, 1)
    000


    Taxonomic Overview for Matrix 'M25929' (110 Taxa)

    taxon unscored
    cells
    scored
    cells
    no cell
    support
    NPA
    cells
    "-" cellscell images labels on
    cell images
    member
    access
    [1] † Zygorhiza kochii
    Last Modified in 04/30/20
    1825325307002
    [2] † Albertocetus meffordorum
    Last Modified in 04/30/20
    77189189012002
    [3] † Archaeodelphis patrius
    Last Modified in 04/30/20
    16710210209002
    [4] † Olympicetus avitus
    Last Modified in 04/30/20
    13113813809002
    [5] † Waipatia maerewhenua
    Last Modified in 04/30/20
    45220220013002
    [6] Physeter macrocephalus
    Last Modified in 04/06/20
    11229227040002
    [7] † Aetiocetus cotylalveus
    Last Modified in 04/30/20
    11116516502002
    [8] † Aetiocetus polydentatus
    Last Modified in 04/30/20
    9717817803002
    [9] † Aetiocetus weltoni
    Last Modified in 04/30/20
    8419119103002
    [10] † Aglaocetus moreni
    Last Modified in 04/30/20
    123142142013002
    [11] † Aglaocetus patulus
    Last Modified in 04/30/20
    79187185014002
    [12] † Antwerpibalaena liberatlas
    Last Modified in 04/06/20
    011211215214002
    [13] † Archaebalaenoptera castriarquati
    Last Modified in 04/30/20
    1569999518002
    [14] † Aulocetus latus
    Last Modified in 04/30/20
    17210010006002
    [15] † Balaena montalionis
    Last Modified in 04/30/20
    1887171019002
    [16] Balaena mysticetus
    Last Modified in 04/06/20
    2255252024002
    [17] † Balaena ricei
    Last Modified in 04/30/20
    1639696019002
    [18] † Balaenella brachyrhynus
    Last Modified in 04/30/20
    123134134021002
    [19] Balaenoptera acutorostrata
    Last Modified in 04/06/20
    0261260018002
    [20] † Balaenoptera bertae
    Last Modified in 04/30/20
    201707007002
    [21] Balaenoptera bonaerensis
    Last Modified in 04/06/20
    5256256017002
    [22] Balaenoptera borealis
    Last Modified in 04/06/20
    1260259018002
    [23] Balaenoptera musculus
    Last Modified in 04/06/20
    3258257018002
    [24] Balaenoptera omurai
    Last Modified in 04/06/20
    7254254017002
    [25] Balaenoptera physalus
    Last Modified in 04/06/20
    1261259018002
    [26] † Balaenoptera portisi
    Last Modified in 04/30/20
    83182182013002
    [27] † Balaenoptera ryani
    Last Modified in 04/30/20
    193818005002
    [28] † Balaenoptera siberi
    Last Modified in 04/30/20
    104159157017002
    [29] † Balaenula astensis
    Last Modified in 04/30/20
    110148148020002
    [30] † Balaenula sp.
    Last Modified in 04/30/20
    134125125019002
    [31] Brandtocetus chongulek
    Last Modified in 04/06/20
    15112212106002
    [32] Caperea marginata
    Last Modified in 04/30/20
    3254248027002
    [33] † Cephalotropis coronatus
    Last Modified in 04/30/20
    127138138013002
    [34] † Cetotherium megalophysum
    Last Modified in 04/30/20
    144117116018002
    [35] † Cetotherium rathkii
    Last Modified in 04/30/20
    120139139019002
    [36] † Cetotherium riabinini
    Last Modified in 04/30/20
    73187187018002
    [37] † Chonecetus sookensis
    Last Modified in 04/30/20
    197797902002
    [38] † Ciuciulea davidi
    Last Modified in 04/30/20
    189868603002
    [39] † Coronodon havensteini
    Last Modified in 04/30/20
    7020420305002
    [40] † Diorocetus chichibuensis
    Last Modified in 04/30/20
    87177177014002
    [41] † Diorocetus hiatus
    Last Modified in 04/30/20
    48216216014002
    [42] † Diorocetus shobarensis
    Last Modified in 04/30/20
    138127126014002
    [43] † Diunatans luctoretemergo
    Last Modified in 04/30/20
    15212312204002
    [44] † Eomysticetus whitmorei
    Last Modified in 04/30/20
    81181181016002
    [45] † Eschrichtioides gastaldii
    Last Modified in 04/30/20
    113146146019002
    [46] Eschrichtius robustus
    Last Modified in 04/06/20
    0265260018002
    [47] † Eubalaena ianitrix
    Last Modified in 04/30/20
    203696906002
    [48] † Eubalaena shinshuensis
    Last Modified in 04/30/20
    2045555019002
    [49] Eubalaena spp.
    Last Modified in 04/06/20
    0260254024002
    [50] † Fragilicetus velponi
    Last Modified in 04/30/20
    188878604002
    [51] † Fucaia buelli
    Last Modified in 04/30/20
    12614914903002
    [52] † Fucaia goedertorum
    Last Modified in 04/30/20
    8219219204002
    [53] † Gricetoides aurorae
    Last Modified in 04/30/20
    195828201002
    [54] † Herentalia nigra
    Last Modified in 04/30/20
    204676707002
    [55] † Herpetocetus bramblei
    Last Modified in 04/30/20
    113147147018002
    [56] † Herpetocetus morrowi
    Last Modified in 04/30/20
    41219217020002
    [57] † Herpetocetus sp.
    Last Modified in 04/30/20
    207646407002
    [58] † Herpetocetus transatlanticus
    Last Modified in 04/30/20
    15511611607002
    [59] † Horopeta umarere
    Last Modified in 04/30/20
    147118118013002
    [60] † Incakujira anillodefuego
    Last Modified in 04/30/20
    59204202017002
    [61] † Isanacetus laticephalus
    Last Modified in 04/30/20
    66197196016002
    [62] † Janjucetus hunderi
    Last Modified in 04/30/20
    9018218206002
    [63] † Joumocetus shimizui
    Last Modified in 04/30/20
    146116116016002
    [64] † Kurdalagonus mchedlidzei
    Last Modified in 04/30/20
    132129129017002
    [65] † Llanocetus denticrenatus
    Last Modified in 04/30/20
    9218118105002
    [66] † Mammalodon colliveri
    Last Modified in 04/30/20
    9317817807002
    [67] † Mammalodon hakataramea
    Last Modified in 04/30/20
    242373600002
    [68] † Matapanui waihao
    Last Modified in 04/30/20
    141121121016002
    [69] † Mauicetus parki
    Last Modified in 04/30/20
    81184183014002
    [70] † Megaptera hubachi
    Last Modified in 04/30/20
    75185185018002
    [71] † Megaptera miocaena
    Last Modified in 04/30/20
    109150150019002
    [72] Megaptera novaeangliae
    Last Modified in 04/06/20
    1263261016002
    [73] † Metopocetus durinasus
    Last Modified in 04/30/20
    191818106002
    [74] † Metopocetus hunteri
    Last Modified in 04/30/20
    16510710607002
    [75] † Metopocetus vandelli
    Last Modified in 04/30/20
    17210110006002
    [76] † Micromysticetus rothauseni
    Last Modified in 04/30/20
    186909002002
    [77] † Miocaperea pulchra
    Last Modified in 04/30/20
    120137136022002
    [78] † Morawanocetus yabukii
    Last Modified in 04/30/20
    13014314305002
    [79] † Morenocetus parvus
    Last Modified in 04/30/20
    16011311305002
    [80] † Mystacodon selenensis
    Last Modified in 04/30/20
    14612712705002
    [81] † Nannocetus eremus
    Last Modified in 04/30/20
    187898902002
    [82] † NMNS pv19540
    Last Modified in 04/30/20
    90170169019002
    [83] † NMNZ mm001630
    Last Modified in 04/30/20
    64195195019002
    [84] † OCPC 1178
    Last Modified in 04/30/20
    185919102002
    [85] † OU 22224
    Last Modified in 04/30/20
    16910710702002
    [86] † OU 22705
    Last Modified in 04/30/20
    110153153015002
    [87] † OU gs10897
    Last Modified in 04/30/20
    219575603002
    [88] † Parabalaenoptera baulinensis
    Last Modified in 04/30/20
    98164164016002
    [89] † Parietobalaena campiniana
    Last Modified in 04/30/20
    109154154015002
    [90] † Parietobalaena palmeri
    Last Modified in 04/30/20
    50219214014002
    [91] † Parietobalaena sp.
    Last Modified in 04/30/20
    106156156016002
    [92] † Parietobalaena yamaokai
    Last Modified in 04/30/20
    91176173014002
    [93] † Pelocetus calvertensis
    Last Modified in 04/30/20
    41222222015002
    [94] † Peripolocetus vexillifer
    Last Modified in 04/30/20
    217606001002
    [95] † Pinocetus polonicus
    Last Modified in 04/30/20
    150115115013002
    [96] † Piscobalaena nana
    Last Modified in 04/30/20
    15244243020002
    [97] † Plesiobalaenoptera quarantellii
    Last Modified in 04/30/20
    122138138018002
    [98] † Thinocetus arthritus
    Last Modified in 04/30/20
    120145145013002
    [99] † Tiphyocetus temblorensis
    Last Modified in 04/30/20
    207717100002
    [100] † Titanocetus sammarinensis
    Last Modified in 04/30/20
    125141141012002
    [101] † Tiucetus rosae
    Last Modified in 04/30/20
    13813913901002
    [102] † Tohoraata raekohao
    Last Modified in 04/30/20
    16111511502002
    [103] † Tokarahia kauaeroa
    Last Modified in 04/30/20
    115149149014002
    [104] † Tranatocetus argillarius
    Last Modified in 04/30/20
    16310710708002
    [105] † Tranatocetus maregermanicum
    Last Modified in 04/30/20
    15611511408002
    [106] † Uranocetus gramensis
    Last Modified in 04/30/20
    86175175017002
    [107] † Waharoa ruwhenua
    Last Modified in 04/30/20
    63199197018002
    [108] † Whakakai waipata
    Last Modified in 04/30/20
    197808001002
    [109] † Yamatocetus canaliculatus
    Last Modified in 04/30/20
    71192192015002
    [110] † ZMT 67
    Last Modified in 04/30/20
    124140140014002


    Project views

    type number of views Individual items viewed (where applicable)
    Total project views1134
    Project overview159
    Matrix views115Matrix landing page (94 views); Mysticete phylogeny with a new fossil balaenids taxon, Antwerpibalaena liberatlas (21 views);
    Taxon list461
    Media views182Media search (155 views); M687533 (27 views);
    Documents list60
    Views for media list47
    Specimen list79
    Bibliography31




    Project downloads

    type number of downloads Individual items downloaded (where applicable)
    Total downloads from project28
    Matrix downloads12Mysticete phylogeny with a new fossil balaenids taxon, Antwerpibalaena liberatlas (12 downloads);
    Project downloads16