Project 3711: M. R. Chani‐Posse, J. M. Ramírez‐Salamanca. 2020. To be biased or to be Neotropical: systematic reassessment of a megadiverse lineage of rove‐beetles (Philonthina, Staphylinini, Staphylininae). Cladistics. 36 (2):194-217.
Specimen: Creophilus maxillosus (unvouchered)
View: dorsal

Abstract

Classifications in the world's tropics often involve an early and sustained adoption of Holarctic‐based patterns. Such is the case of the megadiverse subtribe Philonthina and its Neotropical (NT) members, for which generic limits are ill‐defined due to an alleged high level of homoplasy. Although a recent total‐evidence study confirmed the monophyly of a NT lineage, most of its species are assigned to the speciose genera Belonuchus Nordmann and Paederomimus Sharp, neither of them monophyletic. Here, we aim to reveal internal relationships within the NT lineage by the reassessment of characters from traditional morphology‐based systematics. Specific objectives are to test the monophyly of Belonuchus with regards to its only junior synonym, Musicoderus Sharp, as well as the placement of the six South American species of Hesperus Fauvel, a genus of Holarctic origin. We performed a phylogenetic analysis of the subtribe with focus on its NT lineage based on 132 morphological characters (50 of them novel) including 79 taxa from genera and/or species groups relevant to our study. Most novel characters assessed herein supported clades across Philonthina and its NT lineage. We found that the NT lineage diversified into at least seven clades, each of which provides a framework for future taxonomic studies. Among them, three clades containing the type species of Belonuchus, Paederomimus and Musicoderus (respectively) appear to be well supported and not closely related. The currently known South American species of Hesperus, however, are recovered within the NT lineage. We propose to resurrect Musicoderus from synonymy with Belonuchus and to transfer Hesperus novoteutonicus to Paederomimus as a new combination: Paederomimus novoteutonicus (Wendeler), comb.n.


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Article DOI: 10.1111/cla.12395

Project DOI: 10.7934/P3711, http://dx.doi.org/10.7934/P3711
This project containsMatrices
  • 1 Media
  • 1 Matrix
  • 79 Taxa
  • 1 Specimen
  • 132 Characters
Total size of project's media files: 45.33k

Download Project SDD File
Total scored cells: 10064
Total media associated with cells: 0
Total labels associated with cell media: 0
Characters
Total characters: 132
Total characters with associated media: 0
Total characters with media with labels: 0
Total character states: 298
Total character states with associated media: 0
Total character states with media with labels:0
Total unordered/ordered characters:132/0
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MorphoBank Project 3711

    Authors' Institutions

    • Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET)



    Members

    member name taxa specimens media chars character
    media
    labels
    cell scorings
    (scored, NPA, "-")
    cell
    medialabels
    rules
    MorphoBank Curator
    Project Administrator
    Last logged in 04/22/20
    79111320010064
    (8654, 0, 1410)
    000
    Mariana Raquel Chani-Posse
    Full membership
    Last logged in Never
    0000000
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    000


    Taxonomic Overview for Matrix 'M26598' (79 Taxa)

    taxon unscored
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    [1] Arrowinus minutus
    Last Modified in 04/22/20
    11100100021002
    [2] Amblyopinus emarginatus
    Last Modified in 04/22/20
    3105105024002
    [3] Holisus prolixus
    Last Modified in 04/22/20
    159393024002
    [4] Cyrtoquedius frenatus group
    Last Modified in 04/22/20
    5105105022002
    [5] Creophilus maxillosus
    Last Modified in 04/22/20
    0114113019002
    [6] Platydracus chrysotrichopterus
    Last Modified in 04/22/20
    0111111021002
    [7] Misantlius gebieni
    Last Modified in 04/22/20
    4111111017002
    [8] Xenopygus analis
    Last Modified in 04/22/20
    0112112020002
    [9] Nordus elytisi
    Last Modified in 04/22/20
    0111111021002
    [10] Philothalpus bilobus
    Last Modified in 04/22/20
    0113113019002
    [11] Philothalpus falini
    Last Modified in 04/22/20
    0113113019002
    [12] Actinus imperialis
    Last Modified in 04/22/20
    2111111019002
    [13] Agacerus pectinatus
    Last Modified in 04/22/20
    5104104023002
    [14] Belonuchus atticida
    Last Modified in 04/22/20
    4109109019002
    [15] Belonuchus barbicornis
    Last Modified in 04/22/20
    0116116016002
    [16] Belonuchus cephalotes
    Last Modified in 04/22/20
    2118118012002
    [17] Belonuchus gracilis
    Last Modified in 04/22/20
    3117117012002
    [18] Belonuchus albovariegatus
    Last Modified in 04/22/20
    5112112015002
    [19] Belonuchus cognatus
    Last Modified in 04/22/20
    0117117015002
    [20] Belonuchus haemorrhoidalis
    Last Modified in 04/22/20
    0118118014002
    [21] Belonuchus mordens
    Last Modified in 04/22/20
    1116116015002
    [22] Belonuchus pollens
    Last Modified in 04/22/20
    0118118014002
    [23] Belonuchus rufipennis
    Last Modified in 04/22/20
    0119118014002
    [24] Belonuchus subaeneus
    Last Modified in 04/22/20
    4112112016002
    [25] Bisnius sordidus
    Last Modified in 04/22/20
    2109109021002
    [26] Cafius seminitens
    Last Modified in 04/22/20
    5106106021002
    [27] Cafius xantholoma
    Last Modified in 04/22/20
    0111111021002
    [28] Chroaptomus flagrans
    Last Modified in 04/22/20
    0111111021002
    [29] Delgadobius amazonensis
    Last Modified in 04/22/20
    4106106022002
    [30] Ecitophytes coniceps
    Last Modified in 04/22/20
    3111111018002
    [31] Flohria subcoerulea
    Last Modified in 04/22/20
    0114113019002
    [32] Gabrius picipennis
    Last Modified in 04/22/20
    1110109022002
    [33] Hesperus argentinus
    Last Modified in 04/22/20
    328888012002
    [34] Hesperus baltimorensis
    Last Modified in 04/22/20
    0113113019002
    [35] Hesperus bruchi
    Last Modified in 04/22/20
    239292017002
    [36] Hesperus ferrugineus
    Last Modified in 04/22/20
    378383012002
    [37] Hesperus novo-teutonicus
    Last Modified in 04/22/20
    149999019002
    [38] Hesperus ornaticornis
    Last Modified in 04/22/20
    72525208002
    [39] Hesperus tremolerasi
    Last Modified in 04/22/20
    308585017002
    [40] Hesperus zitschkai
    Last Modified in 04/22/20
    378282013002
    [41] Laetulonthus laetulus
    Last Modified in 04/22/20
    2109109021002
    [42] Leptopeltoides columbiensis
    Last Modified in 04/22/20
    1116116015002
    [43] Leptopeltus flavipennis
    Last Modified in 04/22/20
    0117117015002
    [44] Linoderus gracilipes
    Last Modified in 04/22/20
    0117116016002
    [45] Neopescolinus nevermanni
    Last Modified in 04/22/20
    3113113016002
    [46] Odontolinus fasciatus
    Last Modified in 04/22/20
    0122122010002
    [47] Ophionthus serpentinus
    Last Modified in 04/22/20
    6109109017002
    [48] Paederallus sp undescribed
    Last Modified in 04/22/20
    0111111021002
    [49] Paederomimus aeneiceps
    Last Modified in 04/22/20
    2112112018002
    [50] Paederomimus angusticollis
    Last Modified in 04/22/20
    0113113019002
    [51] Paederomimus capitalis group
    Last Modified in 04/22/20
    0119119013002
    [52] Paederomimus cf contractus
    Last Modified in 04/22/20
    0113113019002
    [53] Paederomimus difformiceps
    Last Modified in 04/22/20
    3111111018002
    [54] Paederomimus gentilis
    Last Modified in 04/22/20
    3112112017002
    [55] Paederomimus lustrator group
    Last Modified in 04/22/20
    0115115017002
    [56] Paederomimus nigrinus
    Last Modified in 04/22/20
    1115115016002
    [57] Paederomimus nobilis
    Last Modified in 04/22/20
    0115115017002
    [58] Paederomimus pectoralis
    Last Modified in 04/22/20
    7110110015002
    [59] Paederomimus salvini
    Last Modified in 04/22/20
    0115115017002
    [60] Pescolinus palmatus
    Last Modified in 04/22/20
    3113113016002
    [61] Phileciton badariottii
    Last Modified in 04/22/20
    0110110022002
    [62] Philonthus bicoloristylus
    Last Modified in 04/22/20
    0116116016002
    [63] Philonthus bonariensis
    Last Modified in 04/22/20
    0112112020002
    [64] Philonthus callosipennis
    Last Modified in 04/22/20
    3110110019002
    [65] Philonthus caeruleipennis
    Last Modified in 04/22/20
    3108108021002
    [66] Philonthus cyanipennis
    Last Modified in 04/22/20
    2110110020002
    [67] Philonthus diamantinus
    Last Modified in 04/22/20
    1114114017002
    [68] Philonthus figulus
    Last Modified in 04/22/20
    1114114017002
    [69] Philonthus flavolimbatus
    Last Modified in 04/22/20
    0112112020002
    [70] Philonthus fulgipennides
    Last Modified in 04/22/20
    0111111021002
    [71] Philonthus laetipennis
    Last Modified in 04/22/20
    2111111019002
    [72] Philonthus longicornis
    Last Modified in 04/22/20
    0115115017002
    [73] Philonthus lynchi
    Last Modified in 04/22/20
    0113113019002
    [74] Philonthus nitidus
    Last Modified in 04/22/20
    0111111021002
    [75] Philonthus rectangulus
    Last Modified in 04/22/20
    2111110020002
    [76] Philonthus sericans
    Last Modified in 04/22/20
    2111110020002
    [77] Philonthus splendens
    Last Modified in 04/22/20
    0114114018002
    [78] Proxenobius borgmeieri
    Last Modified in 04/22/20
    0112112020002
    [79] Trapeziderus diversus
    Last Modified in 04/22/20
    0115115017002


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    Project overview104
    Matrix views70Matrix landing page (58 views); Morphological data matrix (12 views);
    Media views179Media search (148 views); M687532 (31 views);
    Specimen list70
    Taxon list276
    Bibliography29
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    type number of downloads Individual items downloaded (where applicable)
    Total downloads from project17
    Project downloads16
    Matrix downloads1Morphological data matrix (1 download);