Project 3740: S. Y. Smith, W. J. Iles, J. C. Benedict, C. D. Specht. 2018. Building the monocot tree of death: Progress and challenges emerging from the macrofossil-rich Zingiberales. American Journal of Botany. 105 (8):1389-1400.
Specimen: Aframomum angustifolium (unvouchered)
View: external

Abstract

Premise of the Study
Inclusion of fossils in phylogenetic analyses is necessary in order to construct a comprehensive “tree of death” and elucidate evolutionary history of taxa; however, such incorporation of fossils in phylogenetic reconstruction is dependent on the availability and interpretation of extensive morphological data. Here, the Zingiberales, whose familial relationships have been difficult to resolve with high support, are used as a case study to illustrate the importance of including fossil taxa in systematic studies.

Methods
Eight fossil taxa and 43 extant Zingiberales were coded for 39 morphological seed characters, and these data were concatenated with previously published molecular sequence data for analysis in the program MrBayes.

Key Results
Ensete oregonense is confirmed to be part of Musaceae, and the other seven fossils group with Zingiberaceae. There is strong support for Spirematospermum friedrichii , Spirematospermum sp. ‘Goth’, S. wetzleri , and Striatornata sanantoniensis in crown Zingiberaceae while “Musa ” cardiosperma , Spirematospermum chandlerae , and Tricostatocarpon silvapinedae are best considered stem Zingiberaceae. Inclusion of fossils explains how different topologies from morphological and molecular data sets is due to shared plesiomorphic characters shared by Musaceae, Zingiberaceae, and Costaceae, and most of the fossils.

Conclusions
Inclusion of eight fossil taxa expands the Zingiberales tree and helps explain the difficulty in resolving relationships. Inclusion of fossils was possible in part due to a large morphological data set built using nondestructive microcomputed tomography data. Collaboration between paleo‐ and neobotanists and technology such as microcomputed tomography will help to build the tree of death and ultimately improve our understanding of the evolutionary history of monocots.



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Article DOI: 10.1002/ajb2.1123

Project DOI: 10.7934/P3740, http://dx.doi.org/10.7934/P3740
This project containsMatrices
  • 1 Media
  • 1 Matrix
  • 2 Documents
  • 66 Taxa
  • 1 Specimen
  • 39 Characters
Total size of project's media files: 103.01k

Download Project SDD File
Total scored cells: 2511
Total media associated with cells: 0
Total labels associated with cell media: 0
Characters
Total characters: 39
Total characters with associated media: 0
Total characters with media with labels: 0
Total character states: 94
Total character states with associated media: 0
Total character states with media with labels:0
Total unordered/ordered characters:39/0
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MorphoBank Project 3740
  • Creation Date:
    31 May 2020
  • Publication Date:
    28 June 2020
  • Project views: 865

    This research
    supported by

    Authors' Institutions

    • Cornell University

    • University of California Berkeley

    • University of Michigan



    Members

    member name taxa specimens media chars character
    media
    labels
    cell scorings
    (scored, NPA, "-")
    cell
    medialabels
    rules
    MorphoBank Curator
    Project Administrator
    Last logged in 06/28/20
    661139002511
    (1890, 0, 621)
    000
    Selena Smith
    Full membership
    Last logged in Never
    0000000
    (0, 0, 0)
    000


    Taxonomic Overview for Matrix 'M26670' (66 Taxa)

    taxon unscored
    cells
    scored
    cells
    no cell
    support
    NPA
    cells
    "-" cellscell images labels on
    cell images
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    [1] Aframomum angustifolium
    Last Modified in 05/31/20
    0393900002
    [2] Elettariopsis stenosiphon
    Last Modified in 05/31/20
    0383801002
    [3] Musa basjoo
    Last Modified in 05/31/20
    000039002
    [4] Costus pulveralentus
    Last Modified in 05/31/20
    0393801002
    [5] Thaumatococcus daniellii
    Last Modified in 05/31/20
    0383801002
    [6] Costus osae
    Last Modified in 05/31/20
    000039002
    [7] Donax canniformis
    Last Modified in 05/31/20
    0383801002
    [8] Alpinia zerumbet
    Last Modified in 05/31/20
    0383801002
    [9] Curcuma longa
    Last Modified in 05/31/20
    0393900002
    [10] Heliconia indica
    Last Modified in 05/31/20
    000039002
    [11] Hedychium coronarium
    Last Modified in 05/31/20
    0373702002
    [12] Zingiber officinale
    Last Modified in 05/31/20
    0393900002
    [13] Musa balbisiana
    Last Modified in 05/31/20
    1383800002
    [14] Musa acuminata
    Last Modified in 05/31/20
    0393900002
    [15] Siphonochilus kirkii
    Last Modified in 05/31/20
    0373702002
    [16] Musa ornata
    Last Modified in 05/31/20
    000039002
    [17] Zingiber spectabile
    Last Modified in 05/31/20
    0393900002
    [18] Siamanthus siliquosus
    Last Modified in 05/31/20
    0383801002
    [19] Hanguana malayana
    Last Modified in 05/31/20
    5292905002
    [20] Cheilocostus speciosus
    Last Modified in 05/31/20
    0383801002
    [21] Curcuma roscoeana
    Last Modified in 05/31/20
    000039002
    [22] Musa coccinea
    Last Modified in 05/31/20
    2373700002
    [23] Musa textilis
    Last Modified in 05/31/20
    000039002
    [24] Chamaecostus subsessilis
    Last Modified in 05/31/20
    0383801002
    [25] Heliconia schneeana
    Last Modified in 05/31/20
    000039002
    [26] Heliconia nutans
    Last Modified in 05/31/20
    0343405002
    [27] Riedelia sp
    Last Modified in 05/31/20
    0393900002
    [28] Marantachloa leucantha
    Last Modified in 05/31/20
    0383801002
    [29] Heliconia acuminata
    Last Modified in 05/31/20
    0343405002
    [30] Tapeinochilos ananassae
    Last Modified in 05/31/20
    0383801002
    [31] Strelitzia nicolai
    Last Modified in 05/31/20
    0343405002
    [32] Etlingera elatior
    Last Modified in 05/31/20
    0383801002
    [33] Dimerocostus strobilaceus
    Last Modified in 05/31/20
    1373701002
    [34] Globba winitti
    Last Modified in 05/31/20
    0403900002
    [35] Alpinia purpurata
    Last Modified in 05/31/20
    0393801002
    [36] Canna jaegeriana
    Last Modified in 05/31/20
    000039002
    [37] Costus gabonensis
    Last Modified in 05/31/20
    000039002
    [38] Heliconia collinsiana
    Last Modified in 05/31/20
    000039002
    [39] Orchidantha maxillarioides
    Last Modified in 05/31/20
    0373702002
    [40] Canna iridiflora
    Last Modified in 05/31/20
    0383801002
    [41] Ensete ventricosum
    Last Modified in 05/31/20
    1383800002
    [42] Monocostus uniflorus
    Last Modified in 05/31/20
    0403801002
    [43] Canna indica
    Last Modified in 05/31/20
    1373701002
    [44] Orchidantha fimbriata
    Last Modified in 05/31/20
    000039002
    [45] Calathea roseopicta
    Last Modified in 05/31/20
    0383801002
    [46] Ravenala madagascariensis
    Last Modified in 05/31/20
    0343405002
    [47] Typha angustifolia
    Last Modified in 05/31/20
    000039002
    [48] Strelitzia reginae
    Last Modified in 05/31/20
    0343405002
    [49] Scaphochlamys sp
    Last Modified in 05/31/20
    1373602002
    [50] Ischnosiphon helenae
    Last Modified in 05/31/20
    0383801002
    [51] Costus dubius
    Last Modified in 05/31/20
    1373701002
    [52] Musella lasiocarpa
    Last Modified in 05/31/20
    1383800002
    [53] Costus pictus
    Last Modified in 05/31/20
    000039002
    [54] Stromanthe stromanthoides
    Last Modified in 05/31/20
    0383801002
    [55] Renealmia alpinia
    Last Modified in 05/31/20
    0393900002
    [56] Halopegia azurea
    Last Modified in 05/31/20
    3353501002
    [57] Ensete superbum
    Last Modified in 05/31/20
    1383800002
    [58] Sabal bermudana
    Last Modified in 05/31/20
    000039002
    [59] † Spirematospermum chandlerae
    Last Modified in 05/31/20
    9282802002
    [60] † Spirematospermum sp goth
    Last Modified in 05/31/20
    7303002002
    [61] † Spirematospermum friedrichii
    Last Modified in 05/31/20
    11262602002
    [62] † Spirematospermum wetzleri
    Last Modified in 05/31/20
    1353503002
    [63] † Ensete oregonense
    Last Modified in 05/31/20
    13262600002
    [64] † Striatornata sanantoniensis
    Last Modified in 05/31/20
    0373702002
    [65] † Tricostatocarpon silvapinedae
    Last Modified in 05/31/20
    2353502002
    [66] † Musa cardiosperma
    Last Modified in 05/31/20
    8282803002


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    Matrix views69Morphological matrix from Smith et al 2018 (prepared by MorphoBank curators from original submission) (15 views); Matrix landing page (54 views);
    Documents list49
    Media views204Media search (173 views); M688427 (31 views);
    Bibliography35
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