Project 3831: C. M. PENZ, A. V. FREITAS, L. A. KAMINSKI, M. M. CASAGRANDE, P. J. DEVRIES. 2013. Adult and early-stage characters of Brassolini contain conflicting phylogenetic signal (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae). Systematic Entomology. 38 (2):316-333.
Specimen: Eryphanis automedon (MHNT/CUT:2011.0.166)
View: dorsal and ventral

Abstract

This study examines the contribution of early‐stages and adult characters to the reconstruction of the phylogeny of Brassolini butterflies. Parsimony analyses used both equal weights and implied weights, and a series of analyses were performed. First, we analysed adult and early‐stages partitions independently and in combination for a subset of 27 species; in these cases the matrices were mostly complete. Whereas the adult partition alone produced a topology that was well resolved and congruent with previous studies, the early‐stages partition produced a poorly resolved tree under equal weights. Furthermore, implied weights produced a well‐resolved early‐stages topology that differed significantly from the adult topology. When both partitions were combined for 27 species, implied weights yielded a topology that resembled the adult tree except for the positions of Bia and Penetes, but statistical node support was generally lower. This suggests that stochastic noise increased when early‐stage characters were added to the adult partition, but the combined partitions topology was not statistically different from that based on adult characters alone. Second, given that preserved early stages are not as readily available as adults, we analysed a matrix including 45 species in which early‐stage data were missing for 18 species, and compared the topology to that produced by the adult partition alone. Results were similar to the analyses including fewer species; the combined partitions tree was similar to that from the adult partition except for the position of Bia and Penetes. We compare our findings to other genus‐level phylogenetic studies within Lepidoptera that have also used early‐stages and adult characters.


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Article DOI: 10.1111/syen.12000

Project DOI: 10.7934/P3831, http://dx.doi.org/10.7934/P3831
This project containsMatrices
  • 1 Media
  • 1 Matrix
  • 2 Documents
  • 46 Taxa
  • 1 Specimen
  • 134 Characters
Total size of project's media files: 22.86M

Download Project SDD File
Total scored cells: 4488
Total media associated with cells: 0
Total labels associated with cell media: 0
Characters
Total characters: 134
Total characters with associated media: 0
Total characters with media with labels: 0
Total character states: 288
Total character states with associated media: 0
Total character states with media with labels:0
Total unordered/ordered characters:134/0
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MorphoBank Project 3831

    This research
    supported by

    Authors' Institutions

    • Universidade Federal do Paraná (UFPR)

    • University of New Orleans

    • Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP)



    Members

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    Project Administrator
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    Taxonomic Overview for Matrix 'M27059' (46 Taxa)

    taxon unscored
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    [1] Elymnias hypermnestra
    Last Modified in 10/31/20
    1511911900001
    [2] Bia actorion
    Last Modified in 10/31/20
    612812800001
    [3] Aponarope sutor
    Last Modified in 10/31/20
    93414100001
    [4] Narope cyllabarus
    Last Modified in 10/31/20
    81535300001
    [5] Narope cyllarus
    Last Modified in 10/31/20
    80545400001
    [6] Narope cyllastros/cyllene
    Last Modified in 10/31/20
    1412012000001
    [7] Narope nesope
    Last Modified in 10/31/20
    86484800001
    [8] Narope panniculus
    Last Modified in 10/31/20
    65696900001
    [9] Brassolis isthmia
    Last Modified in 10/31/20
    35999900001
    [10] Brassolis astyra
    Last Modified in 10/31/20
    2810610600001
    [11] Brassolis sophorae
    Last Modified in 10/31/20
    2411211000001
    [12] Dynastor darius
    Last Modified in 10/31/20
    413113000001
    [13] Dynastor napoleon
    Last Modified in 10/31/20
    512912900001
    [14] Dasyophthalma creusa
    Last Modified in 10/31/20
    712712700001
    [15] Dasyophthalma rusina
    Last Modified in 10/31/20
    1711711700001
    [16] Opoptera aorsa
    Last Modified in 10/31/20
    59757500001
    [17] Opoptera arsippe
    Last Modified in 10/31/20
    90444400001
    [18] Opoptera fruhstorferi
    Last Modified in 10/31/20
    2211211200001
    [19] Opoptera staudingeri
    Last Modified in 10/31/20
    59757500001
    [20] Opoptera syme
    Last Modified in 10/31/20
    612812800001
    [21] Caligopsis seleucida
    Last Modified in 10/31/20
    1611811800001
    [22] Eryphanis automedon
    Last Modified in 10/31/20
    38969600001
    [23] Eryphanis lycomedon
    Last Modified in 10/31/20
    1711711700001
    [24] Eryphanis reevesii
    Last Modified in 10/31/20
    812612600001
    [25] Caligo atreus
    Last Modified in 10/31/20
    57777700001
    [26] Caligo beltrao
    Last Modified in 10/31/20
    313113100001
    [27] Caligo illioneus
    Last Modified in 10/31/20
    313113100001
    [28] Caligo martia
    Last Modified in 10/31/20
    1711711700001
    [29] Penetes pamphanis
    Last Modified in 10/31/20
    1611811800001
    [30] Selenophanes cassiope
    Last Modified in 10/31/20
    1811611600001
    [31] Selenophanes josephus
    Last Modified in 10/31/20
    59757500001
    [32] Catoblepia amphirhoe
    Last Modified in 10/31/20
    1312112100001
    [33] Catoblepia berecynthia
    Last Modified in 10/31/20
    512912900001
    [34] Catoblepia orgetorix
    Last Modified in 10/31/20
    58767600001
    [35] Catoblepia xanthus
    Last Modified in 10/31/20
    61737300001
    [36] Catoblepia xanthicles
    Last Modified in 10/31/20
    49858500001
    [37] Mielkella singularis
    Last Modified in 10/31/20
    58767600001
    [38] Orobrassolis ornamentalis
    Last Modified in 10/31/20
    58767600001
    [39] Blepolenis bassus
    Last Modified in 10/31/20
    47878700001
    [40] Blepolenis batea
    Last Modified in 10/31/20
    46888800001
    [41] Opsiphanes boisduvallii
    Last Modified in 10/31/20
    57777700001
    [42] Opsiphanes bogotanus
    Last Modified in 10/31/20
    2311111100001
    [43] Opsiphanes cassina
    Last Modified in 10/31/20
    56787800001
    [44] Opsiphanes invirae
    Last Modified in 10/31/20
    512912900001
    [45] Opsiphanes quiteria
    Last Modified in 10/31/20
    37979700001
    [46] Opsiphanes tamarindi
    Last Modified in 10/31/20
    58767600001


    Project views

    type number of views Individual items viewed (where applicable)
    Total project views2976
    Project overview288
    Documents list173
    Media views635Media search (543 views); M693923 (92 views);
    Taxon list1014
    Views for media list192
    Specimen list324
    Bibliography126
    Matrix views224Matrix landing page (170 views); Morphological matrix from Penz et al 2013 (prepared by MorphoBank curators from original submission) (54 views);




    Project downloads

    type number of downloads Individual items downloaded (where applicable)
    Total downloads from project62
    Project downloads58
    Document downloads2Complete character list in docx format (1 download); Data matrix in DOCX format (1 download);
    Matrix downloads2Morphological matrix from Penz et al 2013 (prepared by MorphoBank curators from original submission) (2 downloads);