Project 4010: Z. J. Tseng, X. Wang, Q. Li, G. xie. 2022. Qurliqnoria (Mammalia: Bovidae) fossils from Qaidam Basin, Tibetan Plateau and deep-time endemism of the Tibetan Antelope. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society. (In Press)
Specimen: † Qurliqnoria (IVPP/V:16952)
View: Occlusal, lateral, medial

Abstract

The Tibetan antelope (Pantholops hodgsonii) is an endemic bovid of the Tibetan Plateau, and until recently, it was considered one of the endangered species found there. Researchers long speculated on the evolutionary origin of Pantholops, suggesting a connection to the rare fossil bovid Qurliqnoria. However, the lack of adequate fossil samples has prevented the testing of this deep-time endemism hypothesis for eight decades. Here we report new fossils of Qurliqnoria cheni from the northern Tibetan Plateau, substantially increasing the amount of morphological data that can be brought to bear on the question of Tibetan antelope evolution. Phylogenetic analysis supports a Pantholops-Qurliqnoria clade and suggests this lineage has been endemic to the Plateau for 11 million years. Recent morphological and molecular studies that support the outgroup position of Pantholops relative to caprins (goats and relatives) and the fossil record of stem bovids from Europe together suggest the Qurliqnoria-Pantholops lineage likely dispersed to the Tibetan Plateau 15-11 Ma. Furthermore, the harsh environmental conditions Pantholops has adapted to likely extends back to the time of its evolutionary origin. These findings provide an important new context for conservation management and research into the near-threatened Tibetan antelope, as the longest-living endemic member of the Tibetan Plateau fauna.


Project DOI: 10.7934/P4010, http://dx.doi.org/10.7934/P4010
This project containsMatrices
  • 9 Media
  • 3 Matrices
  • 4 Documents
  • 40 Taxa
  • 8 Specimens
  • 112 Characters
Total size of project's media files: 117.08M

Download Project SDD File
Total scored cells: 9316
Total media associated with cells: 47
Total labels associated with cell media: 49
Characters
Total characters: 336
Total characters with associated media: 0
Total characters with media with labels: 0
Total character states: 241
Total character states with associated media: 0
Total character states with media with labels:0
Total unordered/ordered characters:336/0
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MorphoBank Project 4010

    This research
    supported by

    Authors' Institutions

    • University of California Berkeley

    • American Museum of Natural History



    Members

    member name taxa specimens media chars character
    media
    labels
    cell scorings
    (scored, NPA, "-")
    cell
    medialabels
    rules
    Z. Jack Tseng
    Project Administrator
    4089336009316
    (9316, 0, 0)
    47490


    Taxonomic Overview for Matrix 'M27448' (28 Taxa)

    taxon unscored
    cells
    scored
    cells
    no cell
    support
    NPA
    cells
    "-" cellscell images labels on
    cell images
    member
    access
    [1] Tetracerus
    Last Modified in 05/25/21
    011211200001
    [2] Boselaphus
    Last Modified in 05/25/21
    011211200001
    [3] Bison
    Last Modified in 05/25/21
    011211200001
    [4] Tragelaphus
    Last Modified in 05/25/21
    011211200001
    [5] Sylvicapra
    Last Modified in 05/25/21
    011211200001
    [6] Kobus
    Last Modified in 05/25/21
    011211200001
    [7] Hippotragus
    Last Modified in 05/25/21
    011211200001
    [8] Damaliscus
    Last Modified in 05/25/21
    011211200001
    [9] Aepyceros
    Last Modified in 05/25/21
    011211200001
    [10] Pelea
    Last Modified in 05/25/21
    111111100001
    [11] Dorcatragus
    Last Modified in 05/25/21
    011211200001
    [12] Raphicerus
    Last Modified in 05/25/21
    011211200001
    [13] Oreotragus
    Last Modified in 05/25/21
    011211200001
    [14] Madoqua
    Last Modified in 05/25/21
    011211200001
    [15] Neotragus
    Last Modified in 05/25/21
    011211200001
    [16] Ourebia
    Last Modified in 05/25/21
    011211200001
    [17] Gazella
    Last Modified in 05/25/21
    011211200001
    [18] Ammodorcas
    Last Modified in 05/25/21
    111111100001
    [19] Antilope
    Last Modified in 05/25/21
    011211200001
    [20] Saiga
    Last Modified in 05/25/21
    011211200001
    [21] Nemorhaedus
    Last Modified in 05/25/21
    011211200001
    [22] Rupicapra
    Last Modified in 05/25/21
    011211200001
    [23] Ovibos
    Last Modified in 05/25/21
    011211200001
    [24] Budorcas
    Last Modified in 05/25/21
    011211200001
    [25] Capra
    Last Modified in 05/25/21
    011211200001
    [26] Ovis
    Last Modified in 05/25/21
    011211200001
    [27] Pantholops
    Last Modified in 05/25/21
    011211200001
    [28] † Qurliqnoria
    Last Modified in 05/25/21
    773810034361


    Taxonomic Overview for Matrix 'M27449' (40 Taxa)

    taxon unscored
    cells
    scored
    cells
    no cell
    support
    NPA
    cells
    "-" cellscell images labels on
    cell images
    member
    access
    [1] Tetracerus
    Last Modified in 05/25/21
    011211200001
    [2] Boselaphus
    Last Modified in 05/25/21
    011211200001
    [3] Bison
    Last Modified in 05/25/21
    011211200001
    [4] Tragelaphus
    Last Modified in 05/25/21
    011211200001
    [5] Sylvicapra
    Last Modified in 05/25/21
    011211200001
    [6] Kobus
    Last Modified in 05/25/21
    011211200001
    [7] Hippotragus
    Last Modified in 05/25/21
    011211200001
    [8] Damaliscus
    Last Modified in 05/25/21
    011211200001
    [9] Aepyceros
    Last Modified in 05/25/21
    011211200001
    [10] Pelea
    Last Modified in 05/25/21
    111111100001
    [11] Dorcatragus
    Last Modified in 05/25/21
    011211200001
    [12] Raphicerus
    Last Modified in 05/25/21
    011211200001
    [13] Oreotragus
    Last Modified in 05/25/21
    011211200001
    [14] Madoqua
    Last Modified in 05/25/21
    011211200001
    [15] Neotragus
    Last Modified in 05/25/21
    011211200001
    [16] Ourebia
    Last Modified in 05/25/21
    011211200001
    [17] Gazella
    Last Modified in 05/25/21
    011211200001
    [18] Ammodorcas
    Last Modified in 05/25/21
    111111100001
    [19] Antilope
    Last Modified in 05/25/21
    011211200001
    [20] Saiga
    Last Modified in 05/25/21
    011211200001
    [21] Nemorhaedus
    Last Modified in 05/25/21
    011211200001
    [22] Rupicapra
    Last Modified in 05/25/21
    011211200001
    [23] Ovibos
    Last Modified in 05/25/21
    011211200001
    [24] Budorcas
    Last Modified in 05/25/21
    011211200001
    [25] Capra
    Last Modified in 05/25/21
    011211200001
    [26] Ovis
    Last Modified in 05/25/21
    011211200001
    [27] Pantholops
    Last Modified in 05/25/21
    011211200001
    [28] † Qurliqnoria
    Last Modified in 05/25/21
    77383500001
    [29] Tragelaphus f
    Last Modified in 05/25/21
    100121200001
    [30] Miotragocerus f
    Last Modified in 05/25/21
    98141400001
    [31] Ugandax f
    Last Modified in 05/25/21
    98141400001
    [32] Kobus f
    Last Modified in 05/25/21
    100121200001
    [33] Sivacobus f
    Last Modified in 05/25/21
    98141400001
    [34] Sivatragus f
    Last Modified in 05/25/21
    99131300001
    [35] Damalacra f
    Last Modified in 05/25/21
    99131300001
    [36] Aepyceros f
    Last Modified in 05/25/21
    98141400001
    [37] Gazella f
    Last Modified in 05/25/21
    98141400001
    [38] Prostrepsiceros f
    Last Modified in 05/25/21
    99131300001
    [39] Plesiaddax f
    Last Modified in 05/25/21
    99131300001
    [40] Pachytragus f
    Last Modified in 05/25/21
    98141400001


    Taxonomic Overview for Matrix 'M27450' (28 Taxa)

    taxon unscored
    cells
    scored
    cells
    no cell
    support
    NPA
    cells
    "-" cellscell images labels on
    cell images
    member
    access
    [1] Tetracerus
    Last Modified in 05/25/21
    011211200001
    [2] Boselaphus
    Last Modified in 05/25/21
    011211200001
    [3] Bison
    Last Modified in 05/25/21
    011211200001
    [4] Tragelaphus
    Last Modified in 05/25/21
    011211200001
    [5] Sylvicapra
    Last Modified in 05/25/21
    011211200001
    [6] Kobus
    Last Modified in 05/25/21
    011211200001
    [7] Hippotragus
    Last Modified in 05/25/21
    011211200001
    [8] Damaliscus
    Last Modified in 05/25/21
    011211200001
    [9] Aepyceros
    Last Modified in 05/25/21
    011211200001
    [10] Pelea
    Last Modified in 05/25/21
    111111100001
    [11] Dorcatragus
    Last Modified in 05/25/21
    011211200001
    [12] Raphicerus
    Last Modified in 05/25/21
    011211200001
    [13] Oreotragus
    Last Modified in 05/25/21
    011211200001
    [14] Madoqua
    Last Modified in 05/25/21
    011211200001
    [15] Neotragus
    Last Modified in 05/25/21
    011211200001
    [16] Ourebia
    Last Modified in 05/25/21
    011211200001
    [17] Gazella
    Last Modified in 05/25/21
    011211200001
    [18] Ammodorcas
    Last Modified in 05/25/21
    111111100001
    [19] Antilope
    Last Modified in 05/25/21
    011211200001
    [20] Saiga
    Last Modified in 05/25/21
    011211200001
    [21] Nemorhaedus
    Last Modified in 05/25/21
    011211200001
    [22] Rupicapra
    Last Modified in 05/25/21
    011211200001
    [23] Ovibos
    Last Modified in 05/25/21
    011211200001
    [24] Budorcas
    Last Modified in 05/25/21
    011211200001
    [25] Capra
    Last Modified in 05/25/21
    011211200001
    [26] Ovis
    Last Modified in 05/25/21
    011211200001
    [27] Pantholops
    Last Modified in 05/25/21
    011211200001
    [28] † Qurliqnoria
    Last Modified in 05/25/21
    981410013131


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    Documents list48
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