Project 4103: A. Knyshov, C. Weirauch, R. Hoey‐Chamberlain. 2021. Phylogenetic relationships and revised classification of the true bug infraorder Dipsocoromorpha (Insecta: Hemiptera: Heteroptera). Cladistics. 37 (3):248-275.
Specimen: Mesovelia mulsanti (unvouchered)
View: dorsal

Abstract

Currently comprising only about 430 species, Dipsocoromorpha or minute litter bugs are one of the small infraorders of Heteroptera. They are classified into five morphologically distinct families––Ceratocombidae, Dipsocoridae, Hypsipterygidae, Schizopteridae and Stemmocryptidae––but relationships among and within these families are poorly understood owing to the lack of phylogenetic studies. A phylogenetic hypothesis based on combined molecular and morphological data is important to both evaluate and revise the higher-level classification and to explore the evolutionary history of morphological features including elytriform (or beetle-like) forewings, that seem to have evolved multiple times in this group, jumping devices, and the highly modified and diverse male genitalia. We here use a dataset combining Sanger-derived (~4500 bp; 108 taxa) and Illumina-generated (~7500 bp; 24 taxa) sequence data with a morphological matrix (159 characters) and taxon sampling that comprises all currently recognized family-, subfamily- and tribal-level taxa and comprehensive genus-level sampling to investigate phylogenetic relationships within litter bugs. Our results support the monophyly of Dipsocoromorpha, Schizopteridae and Dipsocoridae, whereas Ceratocombidae and the schizopterine subfamily “Ogeriinae” are polyphyletic and paraphyletic, respectively. A new classification is proposed that recognizes six families, including Trichotonannidae, stat.n., and two subfamilies each within the two larger families Ceratocombidae and Schizopteridae. Ancestral state reconstructions outline the complex evolutionary history of many morphological characters, including 15 independent origins of elytriform forewings, and at least five shifts in the degree of genitalic asymmetry.


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Article DOI: 10.1111/cla.12435

Project DOI: 10.7934/P4103, http://dx.doi.org/10.7934/P4103
This project containsMatrices
  • 1 Media
  • 1 Matrix
  • 144 Taxa
  • 1 Specimen
  • 159 Characters
Total size of project's media files: 14.84k

Download Project SDD File
Total scored cells: 22605
Total media associated with cells: 0
Total labels associated with cell media: 0
Characters
Total characters: 159
Total characters with associated media: 0
Total characters with media with labels: 0
Total character states: 372
Total character states with associated media: 0
Total character states with media with labels:0
Total unordered/ordered characters:158/1
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MorphoBank Project 4103
  • Creation Date:
    08 October 2021
  • Publication Date:
    08 October 2021
  • Project views: 542

    This research
    supported by

    Authors' Institutions

    • University of California Riverside



    Members

    member name taxa specimens media chars character
    media
    labels
    cell scorings
    (scored, NPA, "-")
    cell
    medialabels
    rules
    MorphoBank Curator
    Project Administrator
    144111590022605
    (21273, 0, 1332)
    000
    Christiane Weirauch
    Full membership
    0000000
    (0, 0, 0)
    000


    Taxonomic Overview for Matrix 'M27684' (144 Taxa)

    taxon unscored
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    scored
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    "-" cellscell images labels on
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    [1] Ranatra chinensis GB
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    812912902200none
    [2] Ochterus marginatus GB
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    1212712702000none
    [3] Mesovelia mulsanti
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    513613601800none
    [4] Macrovelia hornii
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    813413401700none
    [5] Ptilomera tigrina GB
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    813413401700none
    [6] Enicoceph fg 79
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    214714701000none
    [7] Enicocephalus cubanus GB
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    214714701000none
    [8] Enicocephalinae thai 133
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    214714701000none
    [9] Enicocephalinae sp Ecu 150
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    214714701000none
    [10] Enicoceph thai 128
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    214714701000none
    [11] Enicocephalinae sp Nig 137
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    214714701000none
    [12] Stemmocrypta antennata
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    514014001400none
    [13] Trichotonannus sp Cameroon 6511
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    01521520700none
    [14] Trichotonannus sp Thailand 7233
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    01521520700none
    [15] Cryptostemma sp WCW2003
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    314114101500none
    [16] Cryptostemma alienum
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    314114101500none
    [17] Cryptostemma wygodzinskyi GB
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    314114101500none
    [18] Cryptostemma sp Peru 251
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    314114101500none
    [19] Cryptostemma sp Peru 249
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    314114101500none
    [20] Cryptostemma sp Peru 4993
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    314114101500none
    [21] Issidomimini cameroon 2838
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    014614601300none
    [22] Issidomimini cameroon 4361
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    1113513501300none
    [23] Issidomimini sp Thailand 7196
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    1113513501300none
    [24] Kvamula sp Madagascar 2043
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    114714701100none
    [25] Issidomimini sp Malaysia 6813
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    1113513501300none
    [26] Issidomimini cambodia 2364
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    1113713701100none
    [27] Ceratocombus thai 97
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    014314301600none
    [28] Ceratocombus xylonannus sp Ecu 152
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    014314301600none
    [29] Ceratocombus vagans 247
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    014314301600none
    [30] Ceratocombus ceratocombus sp Thai 107
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    014314301600none
    [31] Ceratocombus ceratocombus sp Thai 113
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    014314301600none
    [32] Ceratocombus ceratocombus sp Thai 105
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    014314301600none
    [33] Ceratocombus ceratocombus sp Thai 109
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    014314301600none
    [34] Ceratocombus xylonannus sp Bru 139
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    014314301600none
    [35] Ceratocombus xylonannus sp Thai 76
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    014314301600none
    [36] Ceratocombus xylonannus sp Thai 116
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    014314301600none
    [37] Ceratocombus sp Thai 102
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    014314301600none
    [38] Ceratocombus xylonannus sp Bru 135
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    014314301600none
    [39] Ceratocombus sp GB
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    014314301600none
    [40] Ceratocombus xylonannus sp Ecu 125
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    014314301600none
    [41] Leptonannus sp Borneo 00036782
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    014514501400none
    [42] Hypsipteryx sp Thailand 4207
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    014814801100none
    [43] Hypselosoma sp Thailand 3024
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    21501500700none
    [44] Hypselosoma sp India 2396
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    21491490800none
    [45] Hypselosoma sp Vietnam 4594
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    21491490800none
    [46] Hypselosoma sp Madagascar 1942
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    21491490800none
    [47] Hypselosoma sp Madagascar 1949
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    21491490800none
    [48] Hypselosoma pauliani Madagascar 2037
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    21501500700none
    [49] Hypsohapsis takiya Brazil 3677
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    01551550400none
    [50] Rectilamina spinosisura Australia 1005
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    01541540500none
    [51] Rectilamina australis Australia 449
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    01541540500none
    [52] Rectilamina sp Thai 12
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    01541540500none
    [53] Rectilamina sp1 Thailand 1450
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    01541540500none
    [54] Hypselosomops pecki Cuba 5870
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    01551550400none
    [55] Glyptocombus saltator FL 4203
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    01551550400none
    [56] Glyptocombus halbertae FL 4274
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    01541540500none
    [57] Ommatides sp FG 361
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    01541540500none
    [58] Ommatides tridentis Trinidad 2643
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    01541540500none
    [59] Ommatides parvidentis Peru 171
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    01541540500none
    [60] Ommatides tridentis Colombia 819
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    01541540500none
    [61] Ommatides pillcopata Peru 412
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    01541540500none
    [62] Ommatides pristis Trinidad 2659
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    01541540500none
    [63] Perittonannus antiquus CostaRica 3363
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    114714701100none
    [64] Kamakonocoris carinata Cameroon 2630
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    171351350700none
    [65] Rimanannus camerunensis Cameroon 2203
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    181361360500none
    [66] Caucanannus perplexus Colombia 633
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    31471470900none
    [67] Kokeshia sp Thailand 1409
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    01511510800none
    [68] Kokeshia xiei GB
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    01511510800none
    [69] Kokeshia sp Thailand 1692
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    01511510800none
    [70] Kokeshia vietnam 4627
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    01511510800none
    [71] Luachimonannus sp Cameroon 3355
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    11501500800none
    [72] Luachimonannus sp Cameroon 2679
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    11501500800none
    [73] Meganannus lewisi CostaRica 3365
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    21511510600none
    [74] Peloridinannus stenomargaritatus Peru 269
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    01511510800none
    [75] Guapinannus sp 9144
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    01501500900none
    [76] Guapinannus sp Nicaragua 6083
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    01501500900none
    [77] Chinannus duopaxillatus FG 46
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    01531530600none
    [78] Chinannus trinitatis Trinidad 1915
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    01531530600none
    [79] Chinannus translucidus Ecuador 127
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    151401400400none
    [80] Chinannus communis Colombia 508
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    151401400400none
    [81] Chinannus bierigi CR 80
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    01531530600none
    [82] Chinannus nicaraguensis Nicaragua 6280
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    01531530600none
    [83] Chinannus monteverdensis CostaRica 4256
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    01531530600none
    [84] Ogeria sp Thailand 1560
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    31491490700none
    [85] Cf ogeria insularis Madagascar 2085
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    31491490700none
    [86] Pachyplagia sp Australia 9130
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    31481480800none
    [87] Kaimon sp Australia 4990
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    01511510800none
    [88] Kaimon sp Bru 134
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    01511510800none
    [89] Machadonannus brailovskyi sp 7055
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    014814801100none
    [90] Vilhenannus sp Cameroon 7320
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    014814801100none
    [91] Nr semangananus Thailand 1426
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    11491490900none
    [92] Dundonannus sp Cameroon 2260
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    11521520600none
    [93] Dundonannus sp Cameroon 2634
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    11501500800none
    [94] Ceratocomboides sp Trinidad 1886
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    01511510800none
    [95] Ceratocomboides sp6 167 CR
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    01511510800none
    [96] Kophaegis sp Cuba 2625
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    21501500700none
    [97] Kophaegis similis 2627 Cub
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    21501500700none
    [98] Ptenidiophyes sp Peru 158
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    11521520600none
    [99] Ptenidiophyes sp2 CostaRica 3391
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    11521520600none
    [100] Cf ptenidiophyes mirabilis CR 89
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    11521520600none
    [101] Schizoptera sp 6303
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    01521520700none
    [102] Schizoptera schizoptera sp Colombia 632
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    01521520700none
    [103] Schizoptera schizoptera maxima 3435 TR
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    01521520700none
    [104] Schizoptera sp Peru 252
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    01521520700none
    [105] Schizoptera sp Peru 159
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    01521520700none
    [106] Schizoptera zygophleps ultima 3445 TR
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    01521520700none
    [107] Schizoptera zygophleps sp Peru 410
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    01521520700none
    [108] Schizoptera schizoptera sp CostaRica 3369
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    01541540500none
    [109] Schizoptera odontorhagus stricklandi 3408 TR
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    01521520700none
    [110] Schizoptera odontorhagus sp CostaRica 3385
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    01521520700none
    [111] Schizoptera odontorhagus sp Guat 7521
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    01521520700none
    [112] Schizoptera odontorhagus ansata 4871 Guat
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    01521520700none
    [113] Schizoptera odontorhagus sp CostaRica 3368
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    01521520700none
    [114] Schizoptera odontorhagus sp CostaRica 3384
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    01521520700none
    [115] Schizoptera odontorhagus sp Colombia 923
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    01521520700none
    [116] Schizoptera cantharocoris Peru 342
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    01521520700none
    [117] Schizoptera cantharocoris sp24 3458 TR
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    01541540500none
    [118] Schizoptera cantharocoris sulcata 3456 TR
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    01541540500none
    [119] Silhouettanus sp Thai 238
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    01521520700none
    [120] Nr silhouettanus sp Malaysia 9214
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    11531530500none
    [121] Nannocoris sp5 Peru CR 349
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    31471470900none
    [122] Nannocoris sp CR 4259
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    31471470900none
    [123] Pinochius sp Bru 138
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    31471470900none
    [124] Pinochius sp Cameroon 2196
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    31471470900none
    [125] Pinochius sp Thai 245
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    31471470900none
    [126] Undescribed sp Colombia 944
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    301211210800none
    [127] Undescribed colombia 3563
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    51461460800none
    [128] Undescribed sp Peru 153
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    51461460800none
    [129] Undescribed peru 460
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    51481480600none
    [130] Undescribed colombia 3564
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    51481480600none
    [131] Hoplonannus australis Arg 1113
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    014914901000none
    [132] Hoplonannus craneae Trinidad 2213
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    01511510800none
    [133] Hoplonannus paenebrunneus Trinidad 3466
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    01511510800none
    [134] Hoplonannus honduras 1218
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    01511510800none
    [135] Hoplonannus sp CR 82
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    01511510800none
    [136] Corixidea sp Peru 253
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    014914901000none
    [137] Corixidea major USA 3923
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    014914901000none
    [138] Voragocoris schuhi 254
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    014914901000none
    [139] Voragocoris peru 206
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    014914901000none
    [140] Corixidea sp 6683
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    01511510800none
    [141] Membracioides sp Peru 377
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    014914901000none
    [142] Membracioides colombia 528
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    014914901000none
    [143] Membracioides colombia 478
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    014914901000none
    [144] Membracioides sp CostaRica 4276
    Last Modified in 10/08/21
    014914901000none


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