Project 4265: N. Chatar, M. Michaud, V. Fischer. 2022. Not a jaguar after all? Phylogenetic affinities and morphology of the Pleistocene felid Panthera gombaszoegensis. Papers in Palaeontology. 8 (5):null.
Specimen: † Panthera gombaszoegensis
View: Rostral

Abstract

Panthera gombaszoegensis is a fossil pantherine from the Pleistocene of Eurasia. It has been considered to be the closest ancestor the jaguar (Panthera onca) due to dental similarities, and has even sometimes been considered to be a subspecies of jaguar. However, our knowledge of this taxon is limited by the scarcity of cranial remains, which has made it difficult to properly assess the phylogenetic affinities and possible ecological role of this taxon. Here, we describe a new cranium of P. gombaszoegensis from Belgium, and present a morphometric analysis of the cranium and dentition of extinct and extant pantherines. Whereas the lower dentition of P. gombaszoegensis is similar to that of P. onca, similarities were not recovered in other parts of the skull. Some cranial traits of P. gombaszoegensis resemble those of other pantherines, especially larger species such as the tiger (P. tigris). Some similarities with generalist taxa such as tigers (P. tigris), lions (P. leo), and leopards (P. pardus) in the skull of P. gombaszoegensis, suggesting a generalist diet adapted to a wide prey spectrum. The first ever assessment of the phylogenetic placement of P. gombaszoegensis places this taxon closer to P. tigris than to P. onca, which considerably simplifies the biogeographic history of pantherines.


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Article DOI: 10.1002/spp2.1464

Project DOI: 10.7934/P4265, http://dx.doi.org/10.7934/P4265
This project containsMatrices
  • 1 Media
  • 1 Matrix
  • 2 Documents
  • 14 Taxa
  • 1 Specimen
  • 82 Characters
Total size of project's media files: 23.63k

Download Project SDD File
Total scored cells: 922
Total media associated with cells: 0
Total labels associated with cell media: 0
Characters
Total characters: 82
Total characters with associated media: 0
Total characters with media with labels: 0
Total character states: 174
Total character states with associated media: 0
Total character states with media with labels:0
Total unordered/ordered characters:82/0
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MorphoBank Project 4265

    Authors' Institutions

    • Royal Museum for Central Africa, Tervuren

    • Université de Liège



    Members

    member name taxa specimens media chars character
    media
    labels
    cell scorings
    (scored, NPA, "-")
    cell
    medialabels
    rules
    Narimane Chatar
    Project Administrator
    14118200922
    (911, 0, 11)
    000


    Taxonomic Overview for Matrix 'M28782' (13 Taxa)

    taxon unscored
    cells
    scored
    cells
    no cell
    support
    NPA
    cells
    "-" cellscell images labels on
    cell images
    member
    access
    [1] Leopardus pardalis
    Last Modified in 05/30/22
    2818000001
    [2] Puma concolor
    Last Modified in 05/30/22
    2818000001
    [3] Neofelis nebulosa
    Last Modified in 05/30/22
    1838001001
    [4] Panthera leo
    Last Modified in 05/30/22
    0848200001
    [5] Panthera onca
    Last Modified in 05/30/22
    0828200001
    [6] Panthera pardus
    Last Modified in 05/30/22
    1828100001
    [7] Panthera tigris
    Last Modified in 05/30/22
    0838200001
    [8] Panthera uncia
    Last Modified in 05/30/22
    1807902001
    [9] Panthera blytheae
    Last Modified in 05/30/22
    29454508001
    [10] Panthera atrox
    Last Modified in 05/30/22
    25575700001
    [11] Panthera palaeosinensis
    Last Modified in 05/30/22
    29535300001
    [12] Panthera spelaea
    Last Modified in 05/30/22
    24585800001
    [13] Panthera gombaszoegensis
    Last Modified in 05/30/22
    40424200001


    Project views

    type number of views Individual items viewed (where applicable)
    Total project views755
    Project overview103
    Documents list45
    Matrix views92Matrix landing page (50 views); Chatar et al 2022 Affinities and morphology of Panthera gombaszoegensis (42 views);
    Taxon list137
    Views for media list53
    Media views189Media search (158 views); M846782 (31 views);
    Specimen list99
    Bibliography37




    Project downloads

    type number of downloads Individual items downloaded (where applicable)
    Total downloads from project9
    Matrix downloads2Chatar et al 2022 Affinities and morphology of Panthera gombaszoegensis (2 downloads);
    Project downloads7