Project 578: R. E. Fordyce, F. G. Marx. 2012. The pygmy right whale Caperea marginata: the last of the cetotheres. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. 280:20122645.
Specimen: Caperea marginata (unvouchered)

Abstract

The pygmy right whale Caperea marginata is the most enigmatic of the living baleen whales (Mysticeti). Its highly disparate morphology and the virtual absence of a described fossil record have made it extremely difficult to place Caperea into a broader evolutionary context, and molecular and morphological studies have frequently contradicted each other as to the origins and phylogenetic relationships of the species. Our study of a wealth of material from New Zealand collections, representing a wide range of ontogenetic stages, has identified several new features previously unreported in Caperea, which suggest that the pygmy right whale may be the last survivor of the supposedly extinct family Cetotheriidae. This hypothesis is corroborated by both morphology-based and total evidence cladistic analyses including 166 morphological characters and 23 taxa, representing all the living and extinct families of toothless baleen whales. Our results allow us to formally refer Caperea to Cetotheriidae, thus resurrecting the latter from extinction and helping to clarify the origins of a long-problematic living species.


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Project DOI: 10.7934/P578, http://dx.doi.org/10.7934/P578
This project containsMatrices
  • 1484 Media
  • 1 Matrix
  • 1 Document
  • 23 Taxa
  • 80 Specimens
  • 166 Characters
Total size of project's media files: 1245 MB

Download Project SDD File
Total scored cells: 3829
Total media associated with cells: 4254
Total labels associated with cell media: 4520
Characters
Total characters: 166
Total characters with associated media: 0
Total characters with media with labels: 0
Total character states: 388
Total character states with associated media: 0
Total character states with media with labels:0
Total unordered/ordered characters:166/0
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MorphoBank Project 578


    Members

    member name taxa specimens media media
    notes
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    notes  media
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    Felix Marx
    Project Administrator
    Last logged in 12/27/12
    2380148401660154003828
    (2760, 965, 103)
    01504254452010
    MorphoBank Curator
    Full membership
    Last logged in 08/04/14
    0000000000
    (0, 0, 0)
    00000
    Ewan Fordyce
    Full membership
    Last logged in Never
    0000000000
    (0, 0, 0)
    00000
    Seth Kaufman
    Full membership
    Last logged in Never
    0000000001
    (0, 1, 0)
    00000


    Taxonomic Overview for Matrix 'M1290' (23 Taxa)

    taxon unscored
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    scored
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    NPA
    cells
    "-" cellscell images labels on
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    [1] † Zygorhiza kochii
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    01540932813044
    [2] Physeter catodon
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    014605151681824
    [3] † Aetiocetus cotylalveus
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    010106501821984
    [4] Balaena mysticetus
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    015202121661744
    [5] † Balaenella brachyrhynus
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    091065101741764
    [6] Balaenoptera bonaerensis
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    01640112592764
    [7] † Balaenula astensis
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    09506291181224
    [8] Caperea marginata
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    015702112973184
    [9] † Cetotherium rathkii
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    09407021041114
    [10] † Diorocetus hiatus
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    014801712462594
    [11] † Eomysticetus whitmorei
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    012703811942044
    [12] Eschrichtius robustus
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    01660032692884
    [13] Eubalaena spp.
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    015800113523634
    [14] † Herpetocetus bramblei
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    06909611161284
    [15] † Herpetocetus transatlanticus
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    08707811411514
    [16] † Megaptera miocaena
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    010105871641794
    [17] Megaptera novaeangliae
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    01650012622764
    [18] † Metopocetus durinasus
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    0550110179904
    [19] † Morenocetus parvus
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    06464975004
    [20] † Nannocetus eremus
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    06909611061164
    [21] † Pelocetus calvertensis
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    014601822212254
    [22] † Piscobalaena nana
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    01610422632754
    [23] † Plesiobalaenoptera quarantellii
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    0900733921054


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M97573 (5 views); M97644 (8 views); M111765 (14 views); M97606 (10 views); M96957 (5 views); M96964 (7 views); M96856 (10 views); M96934 (6 views); M97656 (6 views); M96907 (7 views); M97652 (10 views); M99016 (3 views); M96887 (5 views); M97585 (4 views); M96976 (7 views); M97472 (11 views); M96183 (13 views); M96986 (5 views); M96920 (8 views); M99325 (7 views); M97649 (4 views); M97588 (3 views); M96829 (4 views); M96983 (5 views); M111655 (46 views); M96980 (5 views); M97570 (5 views); M99017 (5 views); M96908 (9 views); M96937 (4 views); M97651 (6 views); M96044 (7 views); M96929 (5 views); M99322 (5 views); M96967 (9 views); M96875 (5 views); M99010 (4 views); M97544 (6 views); M96823 (5 views); M96626 (6 views); M111743 (15 views); M96882 (5 views); M97494 (7 views); M96982 (7 views); M97234 (4 views); M96928 (6 views); M97565 (6 views); M97545 (4 views); M97562 (12 views); M96169 (6 views); M96878 (4 views); M97207 (4 views); M98174 (6 views); M96665 (5 views); M97586 (3 views); M96879 (5 views); M97537 (7 views); M97580 (4 views); M97554 (7 views); M97501 (10 views); M107781 (6 views); M111478 (16 views); M97647 (7 views); M97324 (5 views); M111463 (9 views); M96869 (4 views); M111479 (8 views); M111476 (5 views); M96637 (8 views); M97584 (5 views); M97453 (5 views); M111737 (14 views); M97561 (5 views); M97604 (4 views); M97589 (4 views); M97593 (3 views); M99014 (3 views); M97515 (5 views); M97486 (7 views); M97493 (5 views); M96053 (11 views); M96861 (7 views); M96810 (9 views); M97506 (7 views); M108282 (10 views); M96836 (4 views); M96852 (4 views); M96855 (4 views); M99326 (6 views); M96815 (8 views); M97520 (6 views); M96854 (4 views); M97557 (6 views); M97600 (10 views); M96930 (3 views); M97603 (5 views); M96838 (6 views); M97398 (8 views); M97572 (4 views); M96938 (6 views); M97657 (3 views); M96857 (7 views); M97559 (4 views); M97522 (6 views); M111462 (7 views); M97598 (5 views); M96850 (7 views); M111620 (52 views); M111486 (54 views); M97658 (3 views); M96841 (7 views); M96631 (5 views); M97271 (3 views); M97655 (8 views); M97579 (4 views); M99020 (6 views); M99019 (5 views); M97566 (5 views); M96894 (4 views); M98173 (26 views); M96884 (3 views); M107797 (9 views); M96901 (6 views); M96883 (3 views); M97587 (3 views); M97575 (5 views); M96210 (6 views); M96874 (3 views); M96171 (8 views); M96877 (3 views); M99018 (3 views); M99313 (4 views); M97564 (5 views); M97549 (8 views); M111482 (9 views); M111471 (15 views); M111449 (13 views); M111440 (9 views); M111458 (5 views); M111489 (48 views); M111467 (10 views); M111469 (13 views); M107775 (26 views); M107784 (15 views); M111488 (50 views); M111685 (22 views); M111627 (58 views); M111688 (25 views); M111695 (17 views); M111666 (37 views); M111689 (18 views); M111680 (44 views); M111684 (23 views); M111654 (43 views); M111491 (54 views); M111700 (9 views); M111673 (43 views); M111619 (54 views); M111677 (40 views); M111645 (36 views); M111626 (51 views); M111642 (43 views); M111644 (39 views); M111647 (40 views); M111671 (41 views); M111633 (40 views); M111621 (55 views); M111691 (22 views); M111631 (46 views); M111616 (59 views); M111622 (51 views); M111697 (9 views); M111464 (17 views); M108283 (4 views); M111447 (12 views); M111771 (14 views); M111810 (12 views); M111777 (19 views); M111805 (14 views); M111745 (13 views); M97607 (6 views); M111632 (38 views); M99013 (2 views); M97590 (2 views); M111694 (10 views); M97469 (17 views); M111681 (38 views); M96643 (4 views); M97571 (5 views); M97526 (6 views); M97556 (8 views); M97648 (2 views); M97599 (2 views); M107786 (43 views); M111676 (33 views); M97595 (4 views); M97468 (6 views); M97596 (7 views); M97538 (6 views); M97602 (3 views); M97597 (4 views); M107777 (8 views); M111472 (6 views); M97316 (3 views); M97217 (4 views); M96840 (7 views); M96650 (4 views); M111690 (12 views); M97456 (3 views); M96648 (5 views); M96040 (5 views); M111446 (6 views); M97362 (7 views); M96663 (5 views); M111484 (55 views); M111651 (35 views); M111674 (43 views); M97216 (7 views); M97507 (4 views); M97295 (6 views); M96972 (7 views); M111806 (11 views); M97347 (8 views); M96808 (7 views); M96656 (4 views); M111764 (11 views); M96227 (4 views); M96197 (5 views); M111679 (36 views); M97401 (7 views); M96968 (7 views); M96186 (6 views); M111683 (10 views); M111738 (11 views); M97312 (5 views); M96664 (3 views); M111773 (11 views); M111775 (12 views); M96834 (3 views); M96812 (5 views); M111636 (32 views); M96859 (5 views); M96039 (6 views); M97365 (5 views); M97322 (5 views); M97308 (6 views); M96649 (8 views); M111662 (31 views); M97350 (6 views); M97294 (4 views); M96621 (6 views); M96864 (4 views); M96670 (4 views); M96189 (4 views); M97245 (3 views); M97268 (4 views); M96987 (5 views); M97253 (5 views); M97248 (3 views); M96985 (8 views); M97377 (14 views); M97338 (4 views); M96176 (6 views); M96999 (6 views); M96816 (5 views); M96837 (4 views); M111762 (12 views); M111634 (34 views); M97249 (3 views); M96212 (4 views); M97279 (6 views); M111772 (9 views); M111465 (7 views); M96624 (4 views); M97236 (3 views); M96194 (4 views); M97357 (10 views); M96927 (3 views); M97449 (4 views); M97392 (8 views); M96660 (5 views); M97386 (6 views); M96853 (5 views); M97356 (6 views); M111779 (10 views); M96181 (4 views); M97326 (5 views); M111652 (38 views); M97220 (5 views); M97366 (7 views); M96949 (7 views); M96995 (5 views); M97292 (5 views); M99323 (3 views); M97239 (4 views); M97659 (6 views); M111475 (6 views); M96947 (4 views); M97446 (2 views); M96970 (3 views); M97582 (2 views); M97284 (5 views); M97653 (3 views); M96905 (4 views); M96048 (4 views); M96620 (7 views); M96017 (4 views); M96190 (3 views); M96228 (5 views); M96196 (6 views); M96177 (5 views); M96206 (4 views); M96174 (5 views); M96216 (7 views); M96200 (4 views); M96045 (4 views); M96019 (5 views); M96203 (5 views); M96229 (7 views); M96628 (7 views); M97296 (5 views); M97380 (4 views); M96204 (5 views); M96050 (3 views); M97370 (11 views); M96052 (4 views); M96202 (7 views); M96215 (5 views); M96046 (6 views); M96623 (4 views); M96170 (3 views); M96224 (10 views); M96182 (4 views); M96172 (5 views); M96187 (3 views); M96205 (4 views); M96043 (4 views); M96199 (4 views); M96179 (6 views); M96051 (4 views); M96049 (7 views); M97340 (4 views); M96207 (6 views); M96217 (4 views); M96627 (3 views); M96211 (5 views); M97226 (5 views); M96220 (6 views); M97274 (6 views); M96647 (5 views); M96192 (5 views); M96225 (4 views); M111807 (9 views); M96035 (4 views); M96038 (4 views); M96989 (5 views); M96636 (5 views); M97306 (4 views); M96015 (4 views); M96942 (4 views); M97323 (3 views); M97388 (5 views); M96213 (4 views); M96993 (5 views); M111659 (35 views); M96651 (5 views); M111776 (12 views); M97379 (3 views); M97313 (5 views); M111623 (53 views); M97328 (3 views); M96963 (5 views); M96955 (4 views); M96944 (4 views); M97215 (3 views); M96669 (3 views); M97405 (7 views); M97237 (4 views); M97367 (5 views); M96958 (5 views); M96961 (5 views); M96662 (7 views); M97232 (6 views); M96653 (5 views); M96639 (6 views); M97317 (5 views); M96657 (3 views); M96863 (5 views); M96832 (6 views); M97283 (8 views); M96806 (5 views); M97349 (3 views); M96848 (6 views); M96820 (4 views); M96990 (5 views); M96833 (5 views); M96843 (5 views); M96668 (4 views); M96642 (3 views); M96652 (4 views); M97500 (5 views); M96842 (5 views); M111698 (9 views); M97466 (4 views); M97336 (3 views); M97445 (3 views); M96926 (4 views); M97255 (3 views); M97247 (5 views); M97212 (7 views); M96906 (4 views); M111490 (49 views); M111485 (47 views); M96646 (3 views); M111696 (5 views); M97240 (5 views); M97363 (6 views); M111667 (36 views); M97331 (4 views); M97263 (3 views); M97358 (4 views); M111682 (36 views); M107796 (3 views); M111649 (32 views); M96940 (5 views); M111699 (8 views); M97264 (3 views); M97355 (5 views); M97250 (3 views); M97375 (6 views); M96971 (8 views); M97473 (5 views); M111748 (11 views); M96645 (5 views); M97286 (6 views); M97490 (5 views); M96873 (4 views); M97423 (5 views); M97311 (5 views); M97448 (4 views); M97309 (3 views); M97373 (3 views); M97315 (3 views); M97259 (3 views); M97353 (7 views); M96661 (5 views); M97227 (5 views); M96952 (4 views); M97280 (5 views); M97529 (3 views); M97369 (7 views); M97403 (6 views); M97258 (4 views); M97314 (5 views); M97225 (7 views); M97211 (7 views); M97285 (6 views); M97282 (5 views); M97206 (5 views); M96862 (6 views); M111702 (9 views); M97266 (3 views); M97390 (7 views); M97256 (4 views); M97461 (5 views); M108280 (3 views); M97000 (6 views); M97301 (3 views); M111629 (47 views); M97310 (3 views); M96638 (6 views); M96953 (4 views); M97334 (3 views); M97214 (4 views); M97451 (2 views); M97542 (5 views); M97335 (2 views); M96817 (4 views); M97281 (4 views); M96860 (4 views); M97499 (5 views); M96659 (10 views); M96654 (3 views); M97330 (2 views); M97242 (2 views); M97513 (4 views); M97532 (3 views); M111686 (15 views); M96992 (3 views); M111744 (13 views); M97261 (3 views); M97257 (2 views); M97252 (2 views); M97371 (3 views); M96991 (5 views); M111758 (10 views); M111754 (12 views); M111665 (37 views); M96988 (5 views); M97202 (5 views); M97203 (10 views); M111656 (35 views); M111650 (34 views); M97230 (7 views); M97260 (3 views); M97213 (7 views); M111760 (10 views); M111751 (12 views); M96644 (3 views); M97360 (4 views); M96814 (3 views); M97228 (7 views); M97267 (2 views); M97512 (10 views); M97302 (3 views); M111746 (11 views); M96807 (5 views); M96962 (4 views); M96965 (3 views); M97344 (7 views); M111756 (12 views); M96997 (3 views); M96811 (2 views); M96813 (3 views); M96827 (2 views); M96830 (4 views); M96891 (4 views); M96974 (3 views); M96888 (3 views); M97422 (5 views); M96658 (3 views); M97224 (4 views); M97462 (5 views); M107785 (2 views); M111687 (14 views); M108284 (4 views); M111487 (52 views); M97199 (4 views); M96996 (3 views); M97219 (4 views); M97396 (7 views); M96984 (2 views); M96824 (3 views); M97578 (3 views); M96818 (4 views); M97241 (2 views); M111809 (11 views); M111750 (10 views); M97496 (5 views); M97297 (2 views); M97409 (6 views); M97329 (2 views); M97412 (5 views); M97361 (3 views); M111664 (36 views); M96819 (3 views); M97254 (4 views); M97272 (2 views); M96933 (3 views); M97291 (3 views); M97246 (2 views); M96966 (4 views); M96845 (5 views); M96975 (3 views); M111669 (33 views); M97447 (2 views); M97519 (4 views); M96886 (3 views); M97299 (3 views); M97351 (5 views); M97416 (5 views); M97348 (3 views); M97352 (6 views); M97346 (7 views); M96979 (4 views); M96868 (4 views); M96948 (5 views); M111757 (12 views); M96946 (2 views); M96939 (3 views); M96956 (3 views); M111625 (50 views); M96902 (4 views); M97273 (2 views); M97376 (6 views); M97325 (2 views); M97243 (3 views); M97229 (4 views); M111643 (35 views); M97289 (2 views); M111774 (11 views); M97222 (4 views); M97304 (4 views); M97305 (3 views); M111792 (12 views); M111477 (4 views); M97359 (5 views); M111670 (43 views); M97337 (2 views); M111614 (52 views); M111755 (12 views); M97303 (3 views); M96994 (3 views); M97467 (4 views); M97223 (5 views); M111780 (10 views); M97307 (4 views); M97269 (2 views); M111753 (11 views); M96667 (2 views); M97452 (2 views); M96932 (3 views); M111660 (33 views); M96809 (2 views); M97208 (3 views); M97290 (3 views); M97378 (5 views); M111648 (38 views); M111617 (51 views); M97287 (4 views); M97298 (2 views); M97333 (2 views); M97231 (7 views); M97364 (5 views); M97342 (5 views); M97332 (2 views); M111747 (12 views); M111749 (10 views); M111658 (31 views); M96898 (13 views); M97300 (2 views); M111657 (36 views); M97592 (3 views); M97454 (2 views); M97567 (5 views); M97492 (4 views); M97551 (4 views); M99324 (2 views); M96655 (2 views); M97201 (3 views); M96821 (2 views); M97205 (8 views); M96633 (4 views); M96839 (2 views); M97209 (5 views); M111615 (48 views); M97543 (4 views); M97547 (2 views); M97553 (2 views); M97550 (2 views); M97560 (2 views); M97563 (2 views); M97262 (2 views); M111703 (8 views); M111678 (34 views); M97481 (3 views);
    Specimen list32819
    Documents list1700
    Bibliography7509
    Taxon list7238




    Project downloads

    type number of downloads Individual items downloaded (where applicable)
    Total downloads from project389
    Matrix downloads60Caperea morphological data (60 downloads);
    Document downloads15 (2 downloads); Caperea Combined Matrix (13 downloads);
    Media downloads38M95448 (1 download); M95502 (1 download); M95979 (1 download); M95997 (1 download); M95998 (1 download); M95992 (1 download); M96016 (1 download); M96021 (1 download); M96022 (1 download); M96041 (1 download); M96037 (1 download); M96042 (1 download); M96897 (1 download); M96895 (1 download); M96892 (1 download); M96893 (1 download); M96903 (1 download); M96889 (1 download); M96904 (1 download); M97425 (1 download); M97428 (1 download); M97429 (1 download); M97430 (1 download); M111767 (2 downloads); M111770 (1 download); M111766 (1 download); M111796 (1 download); M111799 (1 download); M111793 (1 download); M111763 (1 download); M151719 (2 downloads); M95479 (1 download); M97314 (1 download); M97303 (1 download); M97317 (2 downloads);
    Project downloads276