Project 1133: L. J. Legendre, E. Bourdon, R. P. Scofield, A. J. D. Tennyson, H. Lamrous, A. de Ricqlès, J. Cubo. 2014. Bone histology, phylogeny, and palaeognathous birds (Aves, Palaeognathae). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society. 112 (4):688–700.
Specimen: † Aepyornis maximus (MAD 378)
View: x4 - Caudal

Abstract

The presence of a phylogenetic signal in the variation of osteohistological features has been recently debated in the literature. Previous studies have found a significant signal for some features, but these results were obtained on a small amount of characters and a reduced sample. Here we perform a comprehensive study in which we quantify the phylogenetic signal on sixty-two osteohistological features in an exhaustive sample of palaeognathous birds. We used four different estimators to measure phylogenetic signal – Pagel’s λ, Abouheif’s Cmean, Blomberg’s K, and Diniz-Filho’s PVR – and four topologies taken from the literature. Bone size and bone vascular density exhibit a strong phylogenetic signal, whereas all but four of the remaining features measured at the histological level – cellular size in caudal and medial transects of femora, and proportion of oblique vascular canals in rostral and caudal transects of tibiotarsi – exhibit a weaker signal. We also found that the impact of the topologies used in the analyses is very low compared to that of sample size. We conclude that the analysis of a comprehensive sample is crucial to obtain reliable quantifications of the phylogenetic signal.


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Project DOI: 10.7934/P1133, http://dx.doi.org/10.7934/P1133
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  • 1788 Media
  • 2 Documents
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  • 21 Taxa
  • 45 Specimens
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    Lucas Legendre
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    Last logged in 07/27/14
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M324861 (1 view); M325379 (1 view); M325409 (1 view); M325382 (1 view); M324812 (1 view); M324843 (1 view); M324896 (1 view); M325346 (1 view); M325414 (1 view); M325548 (1 view); M325609 (1 view); M325552 (1 view);
    Documents list1902
    Taxon list7477
    Specimen list18799
    Views for media list1109
    Folio views2643Folio list (899 views); Tibia x4 (337 views); Femur x4 (330 views); Tibia x40 (332 views); Femur x40 (350 views); Scales (395 views);




    Project downloads

    type number of downloads Individual items downloaded (where applicable)
    Total downloads from project328
    Project downloads274
    Document downloads4Phylogenetic estimators (1 download); Original character matrix, untransformed (3 downloads);
    Media downloads50M324211 (1 download); M324702 (1 download); M324703 (1 download); M324704 (1 download); M324705 (1 download); M324706 (1 download); M324707 (1 download); M324708 (1 download); M324709 (1 download); M324710 (1 download); M324711 (2 downloads); M324712 (1 download); M324713 (1 download); M324714 (2 downloads); M324715 (1 download); M324716 (1 download); M324717 (1 download); M324718 (1 download); M324719 (1 download); M324720 (1 download); M324721 (1 download); M324722 (1 download); M324723 (1 download); M324724 (2 downloads); M324725 (1 download); M324726 (1 download); M324727 (2 downloads); M324728 (1 download); M324729 (1 download); M324730 (1 download); M324731 (1 download); M324732 (1 download); M324733 (1 download); M324734 (1 download); M324735 (1 download); M324736 (1 download); M324737 (1 download); M324738 (1 download); M324739 (1 download); M324740 (1 download); M324741 (1 download); M324742 (1 download); M324743 (1 download); M324744 (1 download); M324745 (1 download); M324746 (1 download);