Project 2737: S. J. Hand, R. M. Beck, M. Archer, N. B. Simmons, G. F. Gunnell, R. P. Scofield, A. J. Tennyson, V. L. De Pietri, S. W. Salisbury, T. H. Worthy. 2018. A new, large-bodied omnivorous bat (Noctilionoidea: Mystacinidae) reveals lost morphological and ecological diversity since the Miocene in New Zealand. Scientific Reports. 8 (1):null.
Specimen: † Mystacina robusta (unvouchered)
View: Reconstruction

Abstract

A new genus and species of fossil bat is described from New Zealand?s only pre-Pleistocene Cenozoic terrestrial fauna, the early Miocene St Bathans Fauna of Central Otago, South Island. Bayesian total evidence phylogenetic analysis places this new Southern Hemisphere taxon among the burrowing bats (mystacinids) of New Zealand and Australia, although its lower dentition also resembles Africa?s endemic sucker-footed bats (myzopodids). As the first new bat genus to be added to New Zealand?s fauna in more than 150 years, it provides new insight into the original diversity of chiropterans in Australasia. It also underscores the significant decline in morphological diversity that has taken place in the highly distinctive, semi-terrestrial bat family Mystacinidae since the Miocene. This bat was relatively large, with an estimated body mass of ~40 g, and its dentition suggests it had an omnivorous diet. Its striking dental autapomorphies, including development of a large hypocone, signal a shift of diet compared with other mystacinids, and may provide evidence of an adaptive radiation in feeding strategy in this group of noctilionoid bats.


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Article DOI: 10.1038/s41598-017-18403-w

Project DOI: 10.7934/P2737, http://dx.doi.org/10.7934/P2737
This project containsMatrices
  • 6682 Media
  • 1 Matrix
  • 390 Taxa
  • 699 Specimens
  • 292 Characters
Total size of project's media files: 2G

Download Project SDD File
Total scored cells: 13254
Total media associated with cells: 9296
Total labels associated with cell media: 11421
Characters
Total characters: 292
Total characters with associated media: 3
Total characters with media with labels: 1
Total character states: 779
Total character states with associated media: 669
Total character states with media with labels:668
Total unordered/ordered characters:291/1
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MorphoBank Project 2737

    This research
    supported by

    Authors' Institutions

    • Canterbury Museum, Christchurch

    • Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa, Wellington

    • Duke University

    • Flinders University

    • University of Queensland

    • American Museum of Natural History

    • University of New South Wales

    • University of Salford



    Members

    member name taxa specimens media media
    notes
    chars character
    notes  media
    labels
    cell scorings
    (scored, NPA, "-")
    cell
    notes  medialabels
    rules
    Nancy Simmons
    Project Administrator
    Last logged in 01/22/18
    1275680522252251261841703
    (576, 422, 705)
    04965860
    Gregg Gunnell
    Full membership
    Last logged in Never
    292992000026
    (21, 0, 5)
    0000
    Suzanne Hand
    Full membership
    Last logged in 01/19/18
    937124300001462
    (869, 321, 272)
    095200
    Seth Kaufman
    Last logged in 11/06/17
    000000000
    (0, 0, 0)
    0000


    Taxonomic Overview for Matrix 'M24808' (46 Taxa)

    taxon unscored
    cells
    scored
    cells
    no cell
    support
    NPA
    cells
    "-" cellscell images labels on
    cell images
    member
    access
    [1] Pteronotus parnellii
    Last Modified in 11/21/14
    125301372733044
    [2] Mormoops blainvillei
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    125401362723844
    [3] Pteronotus davyi
    Last Modified in 11/15/14
    125101392533944
    [4] † Speonycteris aurantiadens
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    11370134201562084
    [5] Macrotus californicus
    Last Modified in 01/11/18
    124801422543644
    [6] Macrotus waterhousii
    Last Modified in 01/11/18
    124901412843664
    [7] Micronycteris hirsuta
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    124901412553504
    [8] Desmodus rotundus
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    0140111511431564
    [9] Diaemus youngi
    Last Modified in 01/11/18
    1141011501481684
    [10] Diphylla ecaudata
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    1152011381521864
    [11] Lophostoma evotis
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    124601452473374
    [12] Mimon bennettii
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    123601542362944
    [13] Phyllostomus hastatus hastatus
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    123601542453564
    [14] Phylloderma stenops stenops
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    124502442462724
    [15] † Notonycteris magdalenensis
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    187018123901114
    [16] † Notonycteris sucharadeus
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    14802281552634
    [17] Tonatia saurophila saurophila
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    194017027951394
    [18] Trachops cirrhosus cirrhosus
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    125601342693674
    [19] Lonchophylla thomasi
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    123601552373514
    [20] Phyllonycteris aphylla
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    120201881962824
    [21] Leptonycteris yerbabuenae
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    121001802103004
    [22] Carollia perspicillata
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    122501652343434
    [23] Artibeus jamaicensis
    Last Modified in 11/15/14
    120801822092904
    [24] Noctilio albiventris
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    122401662453264
    [25] Noctilio leporinus
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    122601652653594
    [26] Furipterus horrens
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    824601372533504
    [27] Amorphochilus schnablii
    Last Modified in 01/11/18
    824412382473564
    [28] Thyroptera discifera
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    125801332763614
    [29] Thyroptera tricolor
    Last Modified in 11/15/14
    125601342693714
    [30] † Vulcanops worthyae
    Last Modified in 11/16/14
    651292861313704
    [31] † Icarops aenae
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    199111632988914
    [32] † Icarops breviceps
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    15372132547484
    [33] † Icarops paradox
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    1160294381601884
    [34] † Mystacina robusta
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    024111502513554
    [35] Mystacina tuberculata
    Last Modified in 11/15/14
    0238342522133064
    [36] † Mystacina miocenalis
    Last Modified in 04/03/15
    2511823363704
    [37] Myzopoda aurita
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    124801442593604
    [38] Myzopoda schliemanni
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    124801432833524
    [39] † Phasmatonycteris phiomensis
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    2888717923004
    [40] † Phasmatonycteris butleri
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    0484822915004
    [41] Saccopteryx bilineata
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    2521111552483424
    [42] Natalus stramineus
    Last Modified in 12/05/13
    924901332563714
    [43] Chalinolobus gouldii
    Last Modified in 12/29/14
    8249204133904
    [44] Chaerephon jobensis
    Last Modified in 11/20/14
    2247014332604
    [45] Hipposideros commersoni
    Last Modified in 11/15/14
    2221121582283264
    [46] Pteropus scapulatus
    Last Modified in 11/20/14
    151172116111304


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