Project 3538: G. S. De Miranda, A. P. Giupponi, N. Scharff, L. Prendini. 2021. Phylogeny and biogeography of the pantropical whip spider family Charinidae (Arachnida: Amblypygi). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society. Early View:none yet.
Specimen: Charinus gertschi Goodnight and Goodnight, 1946 (AMNH/AMNH)
View: Dorsal habitus

Abstract

The present contribution addresses the phylogeny and biogeography of the pantropical whip spider family Charinidae Quintero, 1986, the most species-rich in the arachnid order Amblypygi Thorell, 1883, based on morphology and multilocus DNA sequences, analysed simultaneously using parsimony, maximum likelihood and Bayesian inference. The morphological matrix comprises 138 characters, scored for four outgroup taxa and 103 ingroup terminals representing all genera and 64% of the species of Charinidae. The multilocus dataset comprises sequences from two nuclear and three mitochondrial gene loci for four outgroup taxa and 48 ingroup representing 30 (23%) taxa of Charinidae. Charinidae are monophyletic, with Weygoldtia Miranda et al., 2018 sister to a monophyletic group comprising Charinus Simon, 1892 and Sarax Simon, 1892, neither of which are reciprocally monophyletic. Charinidae diverged from other amblypygid families in the Late Carboniferous, c. 318 Mya, on the supercontinent Pangaea. Weygoldtia diverged from the common ancestor of Charinus and Sarax during the Late Permian, c. 257 Mya, when changes in climate reduced tropical forests. The divergence of Charinus and Sarax coincides with the fragmentation of Pangaea, c. 216 Mya. Sarax colonized South-East Asia via Australia. The charinid fauna of New Caledonia originated before the Oligocene, when the island separated from Australia, c. 80 Mya.


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Article DOI: 10.1093/zoolinnean/zlaa101

Project DOI: 10.7934/P3538, http://dx.doi.org/10.7934/P3538
This project containsMatrices
  • 1 Media
  • 1 Matrix
  • 10 Documents
  • 99 Taxa
  • 1 Specimen
  • 138 Characters
Total size of project's media files: 5.79M

Download Project SDD File
Total scored cells: 13104
Total media associated with cells: 0
Total labels associated with cell media: 0
Characters
Total characters: 138
Total characters with associated media: 0
Total characters with media with labels: 0
Total character states: 346
Total character states with associated media: 0
Total character states with media with labels:0
Total unordered/ordered characters:138/0
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MorphoBank Project 3538

    Authors' Institutions

    • National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution

    • Copenhagen University

    • American Museum of Natural History

    • Natural History Museum of Denmark

    • LIRN-FIOCRUZ



    Members

    member name taxa specimens media chars character
    media
    labels
    cell scorings
    (scored, NPA, "-")
    cell
    medialabels
    rules
    Gustavo De Miranda
    Project Administrator
    99111380013104
    (11932, 0, 1172)
    000


    Taxonomic Overview for Matrix 'M26457' (99 Taxa)

    taxon unscored
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    [1] Charinus acaraje
    Last Modified in 02/13/20
    7121121010001
    [2] Charinus africanus
    Last Modified in 02/13/20
    212712709001
    [3] Charinus aguayoi
    Last Modified in 02/13/20
    4122122012001
    [4] Charinus alagoanus
    Last Modified in 02/13/20
    712312209001
    [5] Charinus apiaca
    Last Modified in 02/13/20
    7123121010001
    [6] Charinus asturius
    Last Modified in 02/13/20
    2124124012001
    [7] Charinus australianus
    Last Modified in 02/13/20
    5123123010001
    [8] Charinus belizensis
    Last Modified in 02/13/20
    4124124010001
    [9] Charinus bichuetteae
    Last Modified in 02/13/20
    4124123011001
    [10] Charinus bonaldoi
    Last Modified in 02/13/20
    7119119012001
    [11] Charinus brasilianus
    Last Modified in 02/13/20
    4129124010001
    [12] Charinus brescoviti
    Last Modified in 02/13/20
    8120120010001
    [13] Charinus carajas
    Last Modified in 02/13/20
    4124124010001
    [14] Charinus caribensis
    Last Modified in 02/13/20
    4123123011001
    [15] Charinus carineae
    Last Modified in 02/13/20
    1411611608001
    [16] Charinus carioca
    Last Modified in 02/13/20
    4124124010001
    [17] Charinus carvalhoi
    Last Modified in 02/13/20
    7119119012001
    [18] Charinus cavernicolus
    Last Modified in 02/13/20
    2127126010001
    [19] Charinus cearensis
    Last Modified in 02/13/20
    712312209001
    [20] Charinus cubensis
    Last Modified in 02/13/20
    7119119012001
    [21] Charinus diamantinus
    Last Modified in 02/13/20
    412512509001
    [22] Charinus dominicanus
    Last Modified in 02/13/20
    2124124012001
    [23] Charinus elegans
    Last Modified in 02/13/20
    2126126010001
    [24] Charinus eleonorae
    Last Modified in 02/13/20
    412712707001
    [25] Charinus euclidesi
    Last Modified in 02/13/20
    4124124010001
    [26] Charinus fagei
    Last Modified in 02/13/20
    1511511508001
    [27] Charinus gertschi
    Last Modified in 02/13/20
    7121121010001
    [28] Charinus goitaca
    Last Modified in 02/13/20
    4133124010001
    [29] Charinus guayaquil
    Last Modified in 02/13/20
    7120120011001
    [30] Charinus guto
    Last Modified in 02/13/20
    7120120011001
    [31] Charinus imperialis
    Last Modified in 02/13/20
    512412409001
    [32] Charinus insularis
    Last Modified in 02/13/20
    712312209001
    [33] Charinus jibaossu
    Last Modified in 02/13/20
    4124123011001
    [34] Charinus koepckei
    Last Modified in 02/13/20
    4124124010001
    [35] Charinus loko
    Last Modified in 02/13/20
    4124124010001
    [36] Charinus longipes
    Last Modified in 02/13/20
    6121121011001
    [37] Charinus madagascariensis
    Last Modified in 02/13/20
    5123122011001
    [38] Charinus magalhaesi
    Last Modified in 02/13/20
    7118118013001
    [39] Charinus milloti
    Last Modified in 02/13/20
    4123123011001
    [40] Charinus miskito
    Last Modified in 02/13/20
    4122122012001
    [41] Charinus mocoa
    Last Modified in 02/13/20
    11116116011001
    [42] Charinus monasticus
    Last Modified in 02/13/20
    7120120011001
    [43] Charinus montanus
    Last Modified in 02/13/20
    4124124010001
    [44] Charinus muchmorei
    Last Modified in 02/13/20
    4123123011001
    [45] Charinus mysticus
    Last Modified in 02/13/20
    612312309001
    [46] Charinus neocaledonicus
    Last Modified in 02/13/20
    2126125011001
    [47] Charinus orientalis
    Last Modified in 02/13/20
    7118118013001
    [48] Charinus palikur
    Last Modified in 02/13/20
    4123123011001
    [49] Charinus papuanus
    Last Modified in 02/13/20
    5122122011001
    [50] Charinus pecki
    Last Modified in 02/13/20
    5123123010001
    [51] Charinus perquerens
    Last Modified in 02/13/20
    7120120011001
    [52] Charinus pescotti
    Last Modified in 02/13/20
    2127126010001
    [53] Charinus potiguar
    Last Modified in 02/13/20
    4124124010001
    [54] Charinus puri
    Last Modified in 02/13/20
    712212209001
    [55] Charinus reddelli
    Last Modified in 02/13/20
    4124124010001
    [56] Charinus renneri
    Last Modified in 02/13/20
    1012012008001
    [57] Charinus ruschii
    Last Modified in 02/13/20
    712212209001
    [58] Charinus sillami
    Last Modified in 02/13/20
    7119119012001
    [59] Charinus sooretama
    Last Modified in 02/13/20
    4124124010001
    [60] Charinus souzai
    Last Modified in 02/13/20
    712212209001
    [61] Charinus susuwa
    Last Modified in 02/13/20
    1311611609001
    [62] Charinus taboa
    Last Modified in 02/13/20
    29999037001
    [63] Charinus troglobius
    Last Modified in 02/13/20
    612612408001
    [64] Charinus una
    Last Modified in 02/13/20
    4124123011001
    [65] Charinus vulgaris
    Last Modified in 02/13/20
    7121120011001
    [66] Sarax abbatei
    Last Modified in 02/13/20
    8120120010001
    [67] Sarax batuensis
    Last Modified in 02/13/20
    9119119010001
    [68] Sarax bengalensis
    Last Modified in 02/13/20
    4123123011001
    [69] Sarax bilua
    Last Modified in 02/13/20
    8120120010001
    [70] Sarax bispinosus
    Last Modified in 02/13/20
    4123123011001
    [71] Sarax brachydactylus
    Last Modified in 02/13/20
    313012609001
    [72] Sarax cochinensis
    Last Modified in 02/13/20
    15112112011001
    [73] Sarax dunni
    Last Modified in 02/13/20
    2410510509001
    [74] Sarax gravelyi
    Last Modified in 02/13/20
    9119119010001
    [75] Sarax huberi
    Last Modified in 02/13/20
    6122122010001
    [76] Sarax indochinensis
    Last Modified in 02/13/20
    4124124010001
    [77] Sarax ioanniticus
    Last Modified in 02/13/20
    4123123011001
    [78] Sarax israelensis
    Last Modified in 02/13/20
    7121121010001
    [79] Sarax javensis
    Last Modified in 02/13/20
    7120120011001
    [80] Sarax lembeh
    Last Modified in 02/13/20
    9120118011001
    [81] Sarax pakistanus
    Last Modified in 02/13/20
    4123123011001
    [82] Sarax palau
    Last Modified in 02/13/20
    10116116012001
    [83] Sarax rahmadii
    Last Modified in 02/13/20
    6122122010001
    [84] Sarax rimosus
    Last Modified in 02/13/20
    1129126011001
    [85] Sarax seychellarum
    Last Modified in 02/13/20
    312612609001
    [86] Sarax singaporae
    Last Modified in 02/13/20
    8120120010001
    [87] Sarax socotranus
    Last Modified in 02/13/20
    7119119012001
    [88] Sarax sp3 Bali
    Last Modified in 02/13/20
    13115115010001
    [89] Sarax sp4 Sumbawa
    Last Modified in 02/13/20
    13115115010001
    [90] Sarax sp5 Lombok
    Last Modified in 02/13/20
    7121121010001
    [91] Sarax tiomanensis
    Last Modified in 02/13/20
    2126126010001
    [92] Sarax willeyi
    Last Modified in 02/13/20
    7121121010001
    [93] Sarax yayukae
    Last Modified in 02/13/20
    412612608001
    [94] Weygoldtia consonensis
    Last Modified in 02/13/20
    212812808001
    [95] Weygoldtia davidovi
    Last Modified in 02/13/20
    612412408001
    [96] Damon diadema
    Last Modified in 02/13/20
    3117116019001
    [97] Mastigoproctus aff. giganteus
    Last Modified in 02/13/20
    77474057001
    [98] Phrynus longipes
    Last Modified in 02/13/20
    5116115018001
    [99] Stenochrus sbordonii
    Last Modified in 02/13/20
    75050081001


    Project views

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    Total project views733
    Project overview90
    Matrix views85Matrix landing page (63 views); Morphological matrix of the amblypygid family Charinidae (22 views);
    Media views160Media search (139 views); M676426 (21 views);
    Views for media list45
    Specimen list86
    Taxon list184
    Bibliography34
    Documents list49




    Project downloads

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    Total downloads from project25
    Document downloads2TNT matrix, morphological and molecular data (1 download); Character labels and state descriptions (1 download);
    Project downloads22
    Matrix downloads1Morphological matrix of the amblypygid family Charinidae (1 download);